Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies Minor Requirements

2016 - 2017 Catalog

Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies minor

A minor in women's, gender, and sexuality studies requires completion of 21 credits. In meeting the requirements of this interdisciplinary minor, a student may not use more than nine credits that are also used to meet the requirements of any other major or minor.

  1. Introduction: WGSS 120, completed by the end of the sophomore year
  2. Distribution: 15 credits selected from the following, with at least one course from each of the two areas. Additional courses may be used when the topic is relevant and the Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies Committee approves.
    1. Social and Natural Sciences: BIOL 255; POL 251 (SOAN 251), 255; PSYC 213, 215, 262, 269; SOAN 251 (POL 251), 275, 280, and WGSS 296; and when appropriate, ECON 295, POL 292, SOAN 291, WGSS 180 (when topic is social or natural sciences)
    2. Humanities and other disciplines: ENGL 261, 312, 313, 320, 358, 359; HIST 206, 219, 228, 257, 258, 285, 378, 379; PHIL 235, 242, 244, 246, 254; REL 132, 215, 284; SPAN 323; THTR 250; WGSS 295; and, when appropriate, ENGL 250, 293, 299, 392, 393, 394, 395; FREN 331, 397; LATN 326; LIT 180, 220, 295; REL 295; SPAN 295, 397, and 398; WGSS 180 (when topic is in humanities)
  3. Capstone experience (after the completion of all other requirements): WGSS 396 or another relevant individual study, senior thesis, or honors thesis in the student's major approved by the program committee.
  1. Introduction:
    • WGSS 120 - Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies and Feminist Theory

      FDR: HU
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter

      This course introduces students to the fields of feminist theory and women's and gender studies by focusing on key theoretical concepts and surveying a range of topics that have been central to the academic study of women and gender. Such topics are likely to include the family as a social institution, gender in the workplace, beauty norms, violence against women, the history of feminist activism, and/or women's achievements in traditionally male-dominated fields such as sports, art, science, or literature. Students learn to approach such topics using gender as an analytical tool that intersects in complex ways with other categories of social power, such as race, class, and sexuality. The course is interdisciplinary in approach and presents a plurality of feminist perspectives in order to offer a rich understanding of the development of feminist thought over the past several decades. Course assignments encourage students to use such thought to analyze their other academic pursuits, as well as the non-academic environments in which they live, including thinking critically about their own experiences as women and men in contemporary society.


    • completed by the end of the sophomore year
  2. Distribution:
  3. 15 credits selected from the following, with at least one course from each of the two areas. Additional courses may be used when the topic is relevant and the Women’s and Gender Studies Committee approves.

    • Social and Natural Sciences:
      • BIOL 255 - Reproductive Physiology

        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall

        An examination of sex as a biological phenomenon with consideration of the genetic (chromosomal), embryological, endocrine, and neurological bases of sexual development, differentiation, and identity.


      • POL 251 - Social Movements (SOAN 251)

        FDR: SS4
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter

        A survey of American social movements, including an evaluation of competing theoretical approaches to the study of social movements and an examination of the strategies, successes, failures, and political and social consequences of the civil rights, labor, student, and women's movements. Close attention is given to factors contributing to the rise and decline of these


      • POL 255 - Gender and Politics

        FDR: SS2
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter

        This course investigates the gendered terms under which women and men participate in political life. Attention is given to the causes of men's and women's different patterns of participation in politics, to processes that are likely to decrease the inequalities between men's and women's political power, and the processes by which society's gender expectations shape electoral and institutional politics. The different effects of gender on the practice of politics in different nations are compared, with a special emphasis placed on advanced industrial democracies.


      • PSYC 213 - Development of Human Sexuality

        FDR: SS3
        Credits: 4
        Planned Offering: Spring 2018

        This course examines the fundamentals of the development and practice of sexuality in the human being and the historical, psychological, and psychosocial aspects of human sexuality from childhood to old age. The course covers major theories of the development of sexuality in heterosexual, gay, and lesbian people. Students also explore how sexuality itself may be "constructed" as a result of culture, media, and gender. Primary source material as well as popular media depictions of sexuality are examined. Students engage in the creation of a comprehensive sexual education program which involves contact with parents, teachers, and experts in the field.


      • PSYC 215 - Seminar in Evolutionary Psychology

        FDR: SS3
        Credits: 4
        Planned Offering: Spring 2018

        The purpose of this course is to examine evolutionary theory as a means of explaining human behavior. The main premise is that behaviors such as cooperation, aggression, mate selection, and intelligence exist because individuals exhibiting these behaviors were more likely to produce healthy offspring that perpetuated those behaviors (i.e., natural selection). We evaluate the validity of this argument in a number of areas of human behavior and also discuss how culture has shaped our genes. Evolutionary psychology is not an area of psychology, like social psychology or cognitive psychology, but is instead a lens through which all human behavior can be explained. Though it is tempting to engage in "arm chair" application of evolutionary theory to behavior, this is a science course; all arguments must be backed up with data.


      • PSYC 262 - Gender-Role Development

        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall

        This course provides the student with an overview of gender-role development: How do children learn to be boys and girls? What role do biological factors play in different behaviors of boys and girls? Does society push boys and girls in different directions? We discuss children's evolving ideas about gender, and what can be done to change these ideas (or whether they need to be changed at all). Through the examination of these questions and issues, the course introduces students to the major theories of gender-role development, the research methods used to measure children's gender-role behaviors and attitudes, and the current research in the field.


      • PSYC 269 - Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Discrimination

        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall

        This course examines cognitive and affective processes involved in stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination. Causes and social implications of prejudice involving various stigmatized groups (e.g., African-Americans, women, homosexuals, people of low socioeconomic status, overweight individuals) are examined. Participants focus on attitudes and behaviors of both perpetrators and targets of prejudice that likely contribute to and result from social inequality.


      • SOAN 251 - Social Movements (POL 251)

        FDR: SS4
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter

        A survey of American social movements, including an evaluation of competing theoretical approaches to the study of social movements and an examination of the strategies, successes, failures, and political and social consequences of the civil rights, labor, student, and women's movements. Close attention is given to factors contributing to the rise and decline of these movements.


      • SOAN 275 - Feminist Anthropology

        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit

        This course covers the complex and sometimes "awkward" relationship between feminism and anthropology. We explore topics such as the place of feminist theory and politics within the discipline of anthropology, the problems involved in being a feminist and an anthropologist, and the creation of feminist ethnography.


      • SOAN 280 - Gender and Sexuality

        FDR: SS4
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter

        An anthropological and sociological investigation of sex roles in preliterate and modern societies. Special consideration is given to the role of innate sexual differences, cultural variation, technology, and power in determining patterns of male dominance. Emphasis is placed on real and mythical female and male power in the context of changing relationships between men and women in American society.


      • WGSS 296 - Social Science Topics in Women's and Gender Studies

        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and faculty resources permit

        A topical seminar that focuses on an interdisciplinary examination of a singular theme and/or geographic region relevant to the overall understanding of Women's and Gender Studies, such as Men and Masculinities. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


      • and when appropriate,
      • ECON 295 - Special Topics in Economics

        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit

        Course emphasis and prerequisites change from term to term and are announced prior to preregistration. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different. A maximum of nine credits chosen from all special topics in economics courses may be used, with permission of the department head, toward requirements for the economics major.

        Fall 2016, ECON 295A-01: Demographics and Development In South Asia (3). Prerequisite: ECON 101. Preference to ECON majors during the first round of registration. Other majors are encouraged to add to the waiting list after registration re-opens for all class years. This course uses economic theories and methods to understand economic demography and development in South Asia. Some of the peculiar demographic and development aspects of the South Asian economy, and hence, the topics of the course include youth bulges, migration, markers of social identity, education, child labor, corruption, public health, and targeted initiatives for development in the region. While we focus exclusively on the South Asian countries, students will be able to apply the concepts learned in this class to study any developing country in the world. Silwal.


      • POL 292 - Topics in Politics and Film

        FDR: SS2
        Credits: 4
        Planned Offering: Spring

        This course examines how film and television present political issues and themes. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


      • SOAN 291 - Special Topics in Anthropology

        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit

        A discussion of a series of topics of anthropological concern. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


      • WGSS 180 - FS: First-year Seminar

        FDR: Offered occasionally. Each first-year seminar topic is approved by the Dean of The College and the Committee on Courses and Degrees. Applicability to FDRs and other requirements varies
        Credits: 3

        First-year seminar. Topics vary with term and instructor.


    • Humanities and other disciplines:
      • ENGL 261 - Reading Gender

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall

        A course on using gender as a tool of literary analysis. We study the ways ideas about masculinity and femininity inform and are informed by poetry, short stories, novels, plays, films, and/or pop culture productions. Also includes readings in feminist theory about literary interpretation and about the ways gender intersects with other social categories, including race, ethnicity, sexuality, and class. Historical focus will vary according to professor's areas of interest and expertise. We study novels, poems, stories, and films that engage with what might be considered some major modern myths of gender: popular fairy tales. We focus at length upon the Cinderella and Red Riding Hood stories but also consider versions of several additional tales, always with the goal of analyzing the particular ideas about women and men, girls and boys, femininity and masculinity that both underlie and are produced by specific iterations of these familiar stories.


      • ENGL 312 - Gender, Love, and Marriage in the Middle Ages

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2017

        A study of the complex nexus of gender, love, and marriage in medieval legal, theological, political, and cultural discourses. Reading an eclectic range of texts--such as romance, hagiography, fabliau, (auto)biography, conduct literature, and drama--we consider questions of desire, masculinity, femininity, and agency, as well as the production and maintenance of gender roles and of emotional bonds within medieval conjugality. Authors include Chaucer, Chretien de Troyes, Heldris of Cornwall, Andreas Capellanus, Margery Kempe, and Christine de Pisan. Readings in Middle English or in translation. No prior knowledge of medieval languages necessary.

         


      • ENGL 313 - Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2017 and alternate years

        This course considers the primary work on which Chaucer's reputation rests: The Canterbury Tales. We pay sustained attention to Chaucer's Middle English at the beginning of the semester to ease the reading process. Then we travel alongside the Canterbury pilgrims as they tell their tales under the guise of a friendly competition. The Canterbury Tales is frequently read as a commentary on the social divisions in late medieval England, such as the traditional estates, religious professionals and laity, and gender hierarchies. But despite the Tales' professed inclusiveness of the whole of English society, Chaucer nonetheless focuses inordinately on those individuals from the emerging middle classes. Our aim is to approach the Tales from the practices of historicization and theorization; that is, we both examine Chaucer's cultural and historical contexts and consider issues of religion, gender, sexuality, marriage, conduct, class, chivalry, courtly love, community, geography, history, power, spirituality, secularism, traditional authority, and individual experience. Of particular importance are questions of voicing and writing, authorship and readership. Lastly, we think through Chaucer's famous Retraction at the "end" of The Canterbury Tales, as well as Donald R. Howard's trenchant observation that the Tale is "unfinished but complete." What does it mean for the father of literary "Englishness" to end his life's work on the poetic principle of unfulfilled closure and on the image of a society on the move?


      • ENGL 320 - Shakespearean Genres

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall 2017 and alternate years

        In a given term, this course focuses on one or two of the major genres explored by Shakespeare (e.g., histories, tragedies, comedies, tragicomedies/romances, lyric and narrative poetry), in light of Renaissance literary conventions and recent theoretical approaches. Students consider the ways in which Shakespeare's generic experiments are variably inflected by gender, by political considerations, by habitat, and by history.


      • ENGL 358 - Literature of Gender and Sexuality Before 1900

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter

        A study of poetry, narrative, and/or drama written in English before 1900. Texts, topics, and historical emphasis may vary, but the course addresses the relation of gender and sexuality to literature.


      • ENGL 359 - Literature by Women of Color

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2017

        This course focuses on the intersection of race and gender as they meet in the lives and identities of contemporary women of color via literature: African-Americans, Native Americans, Chicanas, Asian-Americans, and mixed bloods, or 'mestizas.' Our readings, discussions and writings focus on the work that "coming to voice" does for women of color, and for our larger society and world. Students read a variety of poetry, fiction, and autobiography in order to explore some of the issues most important to and about women of color: identity, histories, diversity, resistance and celebration. Literary analyses-i.e., close readings, explications and interpretations-are key strategies for understanding these readings.


      • HIST 206 - Women and Gender in Modern Europe

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3

        This course investigates the history of Europe from the late 18th century to the present day through the lens of women's lives, gender roles, and changing notions of sexuality. We examine how historical events and movements (industrialization, the world wars, etc.) had an impact on women, we look at how ideas about gender shaped historical phenomena, such as imperialism and totalitarianism. We also consider the rise of new ideas about sexuality and the challenge of feminism.


      • HIST 219 - Seminar: The Age of the Witch Hunts

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2018 and alternate years

        This course introduces students to one of the most fascinating and disturbing events in the history of the Western world: the witch hunts in early-modern Europe and North America. Between 1450 and 1750, more than 100,000 individuals, from Russia to Salem, were prosecuted for the crime of witchcraft. Most were women and more than half were executed. In this course, we examine the political, religious, social, and legal reasons behind the trials, asking why they occurred in Europe when they did and why they finally ended. We also explore, in brief, global witch hunts that still occur today in places like Africa and India, asking how they resemble yet differ from those of the early-modern world.


      • HIST 228 - Women in Russian History

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter

        Students read many accounts by and about Russian women to gain an understanding of how Russian women have been affected by wars, revolutions, and other major events and, simultaneously, how they have been agents of change from the beginnings Russian history up to the present.


      • HIST 257 - History of Women in America, 1609-1870

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall 2017 and alternate years

        An examination of women's social, political, cultural and economic positions in America through the immediate post-Civil War. Changes in women's education, legal status, position in the family, and participation in the work force with emphasis on the diversity of women's experience, especially the manner in which class and race influenced women's lives. The growth of organized women's rights.


      • HIST 258 - History of Women in America, 1870 to the Present

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall 2016 and alternate years

        A survey of some of the major topics and themes in American women's lives from the mid-19th century to the present, including domestic and family roles, economic contributions, reproductive experience, education, suffrage, and the emergence of the contemporary feminist movement. The influence on women's roles, behavior, and consciousness by the social and economic changes accompanying industrialization and urbanization and by variations in women's experience caused by differences in race, class, and region.


      • HIST 285 - Seminar: The Yin and Yang of Gender in Late Imperial China (10th-19th centuries)

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3

        Relations between men and women are the basis of any human society, but the exact nature and interpretation of these relations differ from time to time and from place to place. The concepts of Yin (female) and Yang (male) were integral to the theory and practice of Chinese gender relations during the late imperial period, influencing marriage, medicine and law. This course examines the historical significance of late-imperial gender relations across these, and other, categories from both traditional and modern perspectives.


      • HIST 378 - African Feminisms

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2017

        This course critically examines the idea of African feminisms by looking at many different intersections of time, place. and position for African women. This traces multiple ways in which African women have sought to challenge patriarchal roles in both precolonial and (post)colonial contexts. Students leave not with an understanding of a singular or aspirational African feminism but rather with an appreciation of the ways in which African women have and continue to challenge. reframe, and negotiate a variety of social and political positions.


      • HIST 379 - Queering Colonialism

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall 2018 and alternate years

        This course seeks to examine the many intersectional and overlapping threads in the histories of colonialism, gender, and sexuality. As authors like Achmat and Cohen have argued, colonialism has simultaneously supported and been supported by heteronormative, patriarchal, and white-supremacist regimes. This course looks at three avenues in which the 'normal' has been both created and contested in colonial histories: the body, belonging, and becoming. We read from a variety of disciplines, eras, and locations in order to understand how bodies can be made normal or 'queer.' We also examine how imperial structures of rule impact the daily lived experiences of people as they attempt to find spaces of belonging and potential for becoming part of a larger group. movement. or idea.


      • REL 132 - God and Goddess in Hinduism

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3

        This course explores the many ways in which Hindus visualize and talk about the divine and its manifestations in the world through mythic stories, use of images in worship, explanations of the nature of the soul and body in relation to the divine, and the belief in human embodiments of the divine in Hindu holy men and women. Topics include: the religious meanings of masculine and feminine in the divine and human contexts; the idea of local, family, and "chosen" divinities; and differing forms of Hindu devotion for men and women.


      • REL 215 - Female and Male in Western Religious Traditions

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3

        An investigation of views about the body, human sexuality, and gender in Western religious traditions, especially Judaism and Christianity, and of the influences of these views both on the religious traditions themselves and on the societies in which they develop. The course focuses on religion and society in antiquity and the Middle Ages, but also considers the continuing influence of religious constructions of the body and sexuality on succeeding generations to the present.


      • REL 284 - Gender, Sexuality, and Islam

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2105 and alternate years

        How have issues of gender and sexuality in Medieval and Modern Islamic societies been debated across the Middle East, South Asia, and the West? Students examine scholarly and public discussions of gender and Islam, and they build a vocabulary in which to talk about women. queer, and intersex history as they concern Muslim societies and their foundational sources in their regional and historical contexts. No prior knowledge of Islam is necessary.


      • SPAN 323 - Golden Age Spanish Women Writers

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall 2017 and every third year

        A study of the comedia and the novela corta and the manner in which the secular women writers inscribe themselves within and beyond these genres. Close reading and discussion of representative works that may include the short stories and plays by María de Zayas, Ana Caro, Leonor de Meneses, Mariana de Carvajal, and Angela de Azevedo.


      • THTR 250 - Women in Contemporary Theater

        FDR: HA
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Offered in fall or winter when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit

        This course explores the contemporary theater scene, investigating its plays, playwrights, directors and actors. The representation of women in theatrical art, as well as the unique contributions of contemporary women as artists, theorists and audiences, provides the principal focus of study. Traditional critical and historical approaches to the material are complemented by play reading, play attendance, oral presentations, writing assignments, journal writing and the creation of individual performance pieces.


      • WGSS 235 - The Second Sex: Beauvoir on the Power of Gender (PHIL 235)

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 4
        Planned Offering: Spring 2018 and alternate years

        Sixty years after its initial publication, The Second Sex is as eye-opening and relevant as ever. Simone de Beauvoir's masterpiece weaves together history, philosophy, economics, biology, and a host of other disciplines to analyze the Western notion of "woman" and to explore the making and the power of gender and sexuality. The Second Sex is an important philosophical and political document about inequality and enforced "otherness." Referring to the history of philosophy, new developments in existential thought, and drawing on extensive interviews with women, Beauvoir synthesizes research about women's bodies and psyches as well as their historic and economic roles.


      • WGSS 242 - Social Inequality and Fair Opportunity (PHIL 242)

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter

        An exploration of the different range of opportunities available to various social groups, including racial, ethnic and sexual minorities, women, and the poor. Topics include how to define fair equality of opportunity; the social mechanisms that play a role in expanding and limiting opportunity; legal and group-initiated strategies aimed at effecting fair equality of opportunity and the theoretical foundations of these strategies; as well as an analysis of the concepts of equality, merit and citizenship, and their value to individuals and society


      • WGSS 244 - Feminist Social and Political Philosophy (PHIL 244)

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3

        This course critically examines the gender norms that pervade our identities, govern our everyday behavior, and organize our social life. Questions addressed may include: What is gender? In what ways does it affect the quality of women's and men's lives? Is gender difference natural? Is it valuable? Can it contribute to, or interfere with, human flourishing? Can a gendered society be just? What can any of us do to promote good relations among women and men?


      • WGSS 246 - Philosophy of Sex (PHIL 246)

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall

        This course explores questions related to contemporary conceptions of sexuality and its proper role in our lives. Questions addressed include: What is the purpose of sex? Are sexual practices subject to normative evaluation on grounds of morality, aesthetics, and/or capacity to promote a flourishing human life? We consider the relation between sex and both intimacy and pleasure, viewed from the perspective of heterosexual women and men, and gay men and lesbians. What are our sexual practices and attitudes toward sex? What should they be like?


      • WGSS 254 - Philosophy of the Family: Beyond Tradition (PHIL 254)

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2017 and alternate years

        This course considers philosophical issues raised by family as a social institution and as a legal institution. Topics addressed include the social and personal purposes served by the institution of family, the nature of relationships between family members, the various forms that family can take, the scope of family privacy or autonomy, and how family obligations, mutual support, and interdependency affect individual members of families.


      • WGSS 295 - Humanities Topics in Women's and Gender Studies

        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and faculty resources permit

        A topical seminar that focuses on an interdisciplinary examination of a singular theme and/or geographic region relevant to the overall understanding of Women's and Gender Studies, such as Hispanic Feminisms. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


      • and when appropriate:
      • ENGL 250 - Medieval and Early Modern British Literature

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter

        This course is a survey of English literature from the Early Middle Ages to the Early Modern period. We read works in various genres--verse, drama, and prose--and understand their specific cultural and historical contexts. We also examine select modern film adaptations of canonical works as part of the evolving history of critical reception.


      • ENGL 293 - Topics in American Literature

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3-4
        Planned Offering: Fall, Winter, Spring

        Studies in American literature, supported by attention to historical contexts. Versions of this course may survey several periods or concentrate on a group of works from a short span of time. Students develop their analytical writing skills in a series of short papers. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        Fall 2016, ENGL 293A-01:  Topics in American Literature:  Introduction to Literary Editing (3).  Prerequisite: Completion of the FW requirement. An apprenticeship in editing for one or more students with the editor of Shenandoah, Washington and Lee's nationally prominent literary magazine.  This is a course for anyone interested in editing literary journals, writing for the literary community (blogs, news releases, two book reviews, features, business correspondence) and how both print and on-line journals operate.  Often a stepping stone to a publication career, the course involves an introduction to the creation, design, and maintenance of WordPress web sites, as well as a survey of current magazines.  The course also offers opportunities for each student to practice generating and editing texts they or their peers have written.  Each student oversees one facet of the journal (Poem of the Week, blog, submissions management, contests, social media), and each makes a presentation to the class on the nature and practices of two other current literary journals.  Students work in pairs toward an understanding of the role journals play in contemporary literature and engage in peer editing.  (HL) Smith.


      • ENGL 299 - Seminar for Prospective Majors

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall, Winter

        A study of a topic in literature issuing in a research process and sustained critical writing. Some recent topics have been Detective Fiction; American Indian Literatures; Revenge; and David Thoreau and American Transcendentalism.

        Fall 2016, ENGL 299A-01: Seminar for Prospective Majors: Revenge (3). Prerequisites: Completion of FW composition requirement and at least one course chosen from English courses numbered from 203 to 295. In this seminar, preparatory to more advanced study in the English Department, we sharpen our skills as close readers of texts and as clear and compelling writers about literature and film. Our topic is one of the most common themes and sources of conflict in world literature: revenge. From Greek drama (such as Medea), to the Old Testament, to English Renaissance drama (The Spanish Tragedy, Hamlet), to contemporary film (Kill Bill), to world literature and film (Chushingura, The Virgin Spring), the revenge motive has propelled plots and characters and has spun off sub-genres, such as detective fiction, gangster violence, and legal drama. The course culminates in a longer paper on the topic and texts of your choice that showcase your skills in textual analysis, application of pertinent theory, and research. (HL) Dobin.


      • FREN 331 - Etudes thématiques

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3

        This course gives students a general knowledge of the evolution of French literature and ideas over the centuries through the study of one main theme. Recent offerings include: L'Exil; Regards sur la ville; Le dépaysement; Le voyage dans la literature française; L'esprit critique au XVIIIe siècle. May be repeated for degree credit if the theme is different.


      • ENGL 392 - Topics in Literature in English before 1700

        Credits: 3 in fall or winter, 4 in spring
        Planned Offering: Fall, Winter, Spring

        Enrollment limited. A seminar course on literature written in English before 1700 with special emphasis on research and discussion. Student suggestions for topics are welcome. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        Fall 2016, ENGL 392A-01:  Advanced Seminar: The Poet as Hero in Nineteenth-Century England and America (3). Prerequisite: ENGL 299. This course centers on Alfred, Lord Tennyson, the longtime Poet Laureate of Victorian England, and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, his contemporary and the virtual laureate of America during the same era.  Not only were these two figures the most popular and revered writers in their respective nations for many decades, but they are among the most technically proficient masters of versification in the English language and demonstrate remarkable adaptability and skill in a variety of challenging forms.  More important, both in their public lives and their narrative poems, Tennyson and Longfellow tapped into their respective nations' fascination with important culture heroes such as King Arthur and the Native American figure of Hiawatha.  This course frames this focus on poetic achievement and cultural resonance with attention to major prose figures who articulated the ideal of the culture hero, particularly the Englishman Thomas Carlyle and the American Ralph Waldo Emerson, before turning its attention to Tennyson and Longfellow's rivals and heirs such as Elizabeth and Robert Browning, Swinburne, Whitman, Robinson, and Millay.  It concludes with the tragic finale of the phenomenon of the poet as hero in the writings and career of Oscar Wilde. (HL) Adams.


      • ENGL 393 - Topics in Literature in English from 1700-1900

        Credits: 3 in fall or winter, 4 in spring
        Planned Offering: Fall, Winter, Spring

        Enrollment limited. A seminar course on literature written in English from 1700 to 1900 with special emphasis on research and discussion. Student suggestions for topics are welcome. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        Fall 2016, ENGL 393A-01: Advanced Seminar: The African American Historical Novel (3). Prerequisite: ENGL 299. This course examines the ways that African American authors have used the genre of the historical novel to address questions of race, national identity, and America's fraught historical record.  We read novels ranging from Frederick Douglass's The Heroic Slave and William Wells Brown's Clotel through recent works by Tayari Jones, Toni Morrison, and Edward Jones.  Along the way, we consider the critical tools and frameworks best suited to analyzing the genre of the historical novel, as well as the theoretical implications of blending fictional and historical narrative modes.  Possible texts include novels by Frederick Douglass, William Wells Brown, Pauline Hopkins, Margaret Walker, Octavia Butler, Tayari Jones, Toni Morrison, and Edward Jones. (HL) Bufkin.


      • ENGL 394 - Topics in Literature in English since 1900

        Credits: 3 in fall or winter, 4 in spring
        Planned Offering: Fall, Winter, Spring

        Enrollment limited. A seminar course on literature written in English since 1900 with special emphasis on research and discussion. Student suggestions for topics are welcome. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


      • ENGL 395 - Topics in Literature in English in Counter Traditions

        Credits: 3 in fall or winter, 4 in spring
        Planned Offering: Fall, Winter, Spring

        Enrollment limited. A seminar course on literature written in English in an area of "counter traditions" with special emphasis on research and discussion. Student suggestions for topics are welcome. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


      • FREN 397 - Séminaire avancé

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall

        The in-depth study of a topic in French literature and/or civilization. Recent offerings include: La Littérature francophone du Maghreb; La littérature Beure; La France sous l'occupation; Les femmes et l'écriture au XVIIe siècle; Les écrivains du XXe siècle et la diversité culturelle; L'affaire Dreyfus. Students are encouraged to use this course for the development of a personal project. May be repeated for degree credit when the topics are different.

        Fall 2016, FREN 397A-01: Séminaire avancé - Femmes écrivaines africaines: s'écrire et écrire le monde (3). Prerequisites: Three French courses at the 200 level. While providing an overview of the trajectory of women's writing from its beginnings in the late 60s, the course will focus more heavily on the literary endeavors of women from the late 70s to the twenty-first century.  Through representative works from this extended period, we shall examine how women address such issues as patriarchy, tradition, modernity, the self in society, as well as the question of feminism itself. (HL) Kamara.

         


      • LATN 326 - The Poetry of Ovid

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3

        Readings from the masterpieces of Ovid's poetry, including one or more of the following: The Metamorphoses (a grand mythological epic), The Fasti (festivals and the Roman calendar), The Heroides (fictional letters written by mythological heroines, Ars Amatoria and Amores (love poetry) and Tristia and Epistulae ex Ponto (his poetry from exile). Topic varies by term but course may be taken only once.


      • LIT 180 - FS: First-Year Seminar

        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Offered occasionally. Each first-year seminar topic is approved by the Dean of The College and the Committee on Courses and Degrees. Applicability to FDRs and other requirements varies

        First-year seminar.


      • LIT 220 - Modern Chinese Literature in Translation

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter

        This is a survey course to introduce students to the literature of 20th-century China. Through close reading of key literary texts from the 1910s to the present, students explore the social, historical and literary background that gave rise to the texts studied and the ways in which these texts address various issues that China faced at the time. Taught in English, the course presupposes no previous knowledge of China or Chinese culture. In addition to the selected literary texts, the course introduces several feature films that are cinematic adaptations of modern Chinese fiction and explore the complex and dynamic interchange between literary and cinematic language.


      • LIT 295 - Special Topics in Literature in Translation

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3 credits in Fall or Winter; 4 credits in Spring
        Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit

        A selected topic focusing on a particular author, genre, motif or period in translation. The specific topic is determined by the interests of the individual instructor. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        Fall 2016, LIT 295A-01: Germanic Heroes and Arthurian Legends (3). Prerequisite: Completion of the FDR FW requirement. The German Middle ages gave us beautiful courtly love poetry, a blossoming of Arthurian legends, and the larger than life Nibelungen heroes. Readings include the amorous, playful and sometimes naughty Minnesang, Wolfram's epic of the Grail Parzival, Gottfried's tragic love story Tristan and Isolde and the German national epic Song of the Nibelungen. We also trace the late Medieval origins of the Faust legend and view the early years of the Reformation through the lens of Martin Luther and of the shoemaker-poet Hans Sachs. (HL) Crockett.


      • REL 295 - Special Topics in Religion

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3 credits in fall or winter, 4 in spring

        A course offered from time to time in a selected problem or topic in religion. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


      • SPAN 295 - Special Topics in Conversation

        Credits: 4
        Planned Offering: Spring

        Further development of listening and speaking skills necessary for advanced discussion. Acquisition of both practical and topic-specific vocabulary. Appropriate writing and reading assignments, related to the topic, accompany the primary emphasis on conversational skills. Recent topics include: Hispanic Cinema and La Prensa. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


      • SPAN 397 - Peninsular Seminar

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall, Winter

        A seminar focusing on a single period, genre, motif, or writer. The specific topic will be determined jointly according to student interest and departmental approval. Recent topics have included "The Female Voice in Hispanic Literature", "19th- and 20th-Century Spanish drama", "Women Writers of the Golden Age", and "Romanticism and the Generation of '98". May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        Fall 2016, SPAN 397A-01: Peninsular Seminar: Medieval Spanish Literature (3). Prerequisites: SPAN 220 and 275. This course studies three major works: Poema del Cid, Libro de buen amor, and La Celestina. In order to experience the widest possible sampling of medieval literary forms and authors, the course also surveys mozarabic love poetry (jarchas), Galician-Portuguese lyric poetry, Marian miracle stories, wisdom literature, pre-Renaissance love lyric, and ballads (romances). We examine the social and historical contexts of all works, the author's purpose and audience expectations and responses. The three primary texts are read in modern Castilian, while the secondary samplings are read in their original languages. (HL) Bailey.


      • SPAN 398 - Spanish-American Seminar

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall, Winter

        A seminar focusing on a single period, genre, motif, or writer. Recent topics have included "Spanish American Women Writers: From America into the 21st Century," "20th Century Latin America Theater," and "Past, Memory, and Identity in Contemporary Argentina's Cultural Products." May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        Fall 2016, SPAN 398A-01: Poetry and the Politics of Immigration (3). Corequisite: SPAN 200. Prerequisites: SPAN 240 and 275. This seminar explores the politics of immigration through poetry through literary-centered cultural studies. All students must also register for the one-credit, service-learning practicum to take place in a local juvenile facility housing undocumented, unaccompanied youth. In class on campus, we perform and debate close readings of poetry written about, from, and beyond immigrant experiences. In class at the correctional facility, we join incarcerated juvenile Latino immigrants in an inside-out poetry workshop pairing each W&L student with an incarcerated student in a term-long literary partnership within our greater collaboration as a transinstitutional, transnational, and transcultural community. We enhance our ability to conceive, understand, analyze, and discuss the complexities of immigration, while also developing our abilities to read, write, speak, and listen in Spanish. (HL) Michelson


      • WGSS 180 - FS: First-year Seminar

        FDR: Offered occasionally. Each first-year seminar topic is approved by the Dean of The College and the Committee on Courses and Degrees. Applicability to FDRs and other requirements varies
        Credits: 3

        First-year seminar. Topics vary with term and instructor.


  4. Capstone experience (after the completion of all other requirements):
    • WGSS 396 - Advanced Seminar in Women's and Gender Studies

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and faculty re-sources permit

      This course provides an opportunity for advanced students to explore in detail some aspect of women's studies. Specific topics may vary and may be determined, in part, by student interest. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


    • or another relevant individual study, senior thesis, or honors thesis in the student’s major approved by the program committee.