Major Requirements

2017 - 2018 Catalog

Business Administration major leading to a BS with Special Attainments in Commerce degree

A major in business administration leading to a Bachelor of Science with Special Attainments in Commerce requires at least 46 credits total, including at least 24 credits in business administration and 22 credits not in business administration, as follows:

  1. ACCT 201, 202; BUS 211, 217, 221; ECON 100 or both ECON 101 and 102; INTR 201, 202
  2. BUS 345 or 346
  3. BUS 398 or 399
  4. Business Administration electives: at least nine additional credits, chosen from Business Administration courses numbered 300 or above, but excluding BUS 401 and 402.
  5. Non-Business Administration electives: nine credits chosen from the following:
    ACCT: all courses numbered above 202;
    ARTH 453
    ARTS 217, 218, 220, 224, 226, 227, 228, 231, 232,320
    CSCI 209, 211, 251
    DANC 220
    ECON: all courses numbered 200 and above
    ENGN 250
    ENGL 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 305, 307, 308, 309
    ENV 250, 295, 381, 395, 397
    JOUR 215, 231, 242, 270, 325, 335, 371, 372, 377
    MATH 309, 310, 332, 333, 353
    MUS 361
    PHIL 240, 242, 346, 348, 354
    POL 215, 227, 232, 233, 245, 246, 247, 255, 280, 381
    POV 423
    PSYC 252, 254, 262, 269
    SOAN 202, 212, 228, 245, 246, 251, 265, 280, 375
    THTR 220, 235, 238, 239, 251, 253, 361
  6. One course from each International Business and Information Systems. The 18 credits required in 4 and 5 above must include at least one course from each of the following areas:
    a. International Business: BUS 305, 330, 333, 335, 337, 357, 372, 390, 391; ECON 270, 271, 272, 274, 275, 280, 317, 356, 382
    b. Information Systems: ACCT 310; BUS 306, 310, 311, 312, 315, 317, 321, 325
  7. For students majoring in both business administration and psychology, completing both PSYC 120 and 250 may be substituted for INTR 202.
  1. Required courses:
    • ACCT 201 - Introduction to Financial Accounting
      Credits3
      Prerequisite
      FacultyStaff

      This course covers the fundamental principles of financial accounting and provides an introduction to the process of accumulating, classifying, and presenting financial information. Primary emphasis is given to understanding the financial statements of a business enterprise.


    • ACCT 202 - Introduction to Managerial Accounting
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteACCT 201 and sophomore standing
      FacultyStaff

      This course covers the preparation and utilization of financial information for internal management purposes. Special emphasis is given to cost determination, cost control, and the development of information for planning and decisions.


    • BUS 211 - Marketing Management
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteECON 100 or both ECON 101 and 102; ACCT 201, and INTR 201; and at least junior standing (sophomores allowed in winter term). Preference to BSADM, ACCB, PACC, JMCB or JMCS majors during first round of registration
      FacultyBower, Fox, Straughan

      An exploration of strategic marketing. The focus of the course is on the analysis of a firm's current marketing strengths and weaknesses and the development of a strategic plan to capitalize on key opportunities. Topics include environmental analysis, market segmentation, targeting and positioning, and management of the marketing mix. Throughout the course, significant attention is devoted to international issues, the interrelationships between marketing and other disciplines, and the role of ethically and socially responsible marketing.


    • BUS 217 - Management and Organizational Behavior
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteINTR 201; At least junior standing (sophomores allowed in winter term). Preference to BSADM, ACCB, PACC, or JMCB majors during the first round of registration
      FacultyDean, Herbert

      A study of management in modern organizations. This course examines the factors which influence individual, group, and firm behavior in the context of the workplace. Topics covered include individual differences, motivation, leadership, business ethics, group behavior, decision making, and organizational design and change.


    • BUS 221 - Managerial Finance
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteECON 100 or both ECON 101 and 102; ACCT 201, 202, and INTR 202 or equivalent; at least junior standing (sophomores allowed in winter term). Preference to BSADM, ACCB, PACC, MATH, or JMCB majors during the first round of registration
      FacultyHoover, Kester, Schwartz

      A study of finance from a managerial perspective emphasizing the primary goal of the firm as stockholder wealth maximization. Emphasis is on decisions relating to the acquisition of assets and funds and internal management-financial analysis, planning and control, working capital management, capital budgeting, sources and forms of long-term financing, financial structure and the cost of capital, and valuation.


    • ECON 100 - Introduction to Economics
      FDRSS1
      Credits3
      FacultyStaff

      Economics is the study of how a society (individuals, firms, and governments) allocates scarce resources to the production and consumption of goods and services. The course includes a survey of the fundamental principles used to approach microeconomic and macroeconomic questions.


    • or both
    • ECON 101 - Principles of Microeconomics
      FDRSS1
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteOpen only to members of the Class of 2020 and earlier
      FacultyStaff

      Survey of economic principles and problems with emphasis on analysis of consumer behavior, firm behavior, market outcomes, market structure, and microeconomic policy. The first half of a two-term survey of economics. Should be followed by ECON 102.


    • and
    • ECON 102 - Principles of Macroeconomics
      FDRSS1
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteECON 101. Open only to members of the Class of 2020 and earlier
      FacultyStaff

      Emphasis on performance of the aggregate economy. Analysis of unemployment, inflation, growth, and monetary and fiscal policies.


    • INTR 201 - Information Technology Literacy
      Credits1
      PrerequisiteFirst-year or sophomore standing
      FacultyBallenger, Boylan (administrator)

      Through the use of interactive online tutorials, students gain proficiency in and a working knowledge of five distinct areas of information technology literacy: Windows Operating System, spreadsheets (Microsoft Excel), word processing (Microsoft Word), presentation software (Microsoft PowerPoint), and basic networking (the Washington and Lee network, basic Web browsing, and Microsoft Outlook). Lessons, exercises, practice exams and exams mix online efforts and hands-on activities.


    • INTR 202 - Applied Statistics
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteINTR 201

      An examination of the principal applications of statistics in accounting, business, economics, and politics. Topics include descriptive statistics, probability, estimation, hypothesis testing, and regression analysis.

       


  2. Take one course from:
    • BUS 345 - Business Ethics
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteAt least junior standing. Preference to BSADM, ACCB, PACC, or JMCB majors during the first round of registration
      FacultyReiter

      An examination of the moral and ethical issues associated with management policy and executive decisions. The course examines the basic approaches to moral reasoning, macro-moral issues concerning the justice of economic systems, and micro-moral issues, such as the following: conflict of interest, whistle blowing, discrimination in employment, product safety, environment, and advertising.


    • or
    • BUS 346 - Foundations of Business Law
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteAt least junior standing. Preference to BSADM, ACCB, PACC, or JMCB majors during the first round of registration
      FacultyYoungman

      An introduction to the law governing the relations between individuals and businesses in commerce, viewed through both an ethical and a legal lens. Students explore the issues that face both established businesses and innovation-driven startups exploring new markets, including the law governing intellectual property, products liability, contracts, business torts, sales of goods under the Uniform Commercial Code, employment and agency law, environmental law, and the formation and operation of partnerships and corporations.  Additional selected topics may be chosen in accordance with the interest of course participants.  Assignments apply legal theories to actual business disputes, court cases, and hypothetical situations.


  3. Take one course from:
    • BUS 398 - Strategic Management
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteSenior standing. Limited to BSADM, ACCB, PACC, or JMCB majors
      FacultyGarvis, Reiter, Touve

      A capstone course designed to expose students to a strategic perspective on global issues that impact the firm. Integrative in that it draws on concepts from functional disciplines (e.g., finance, marketing, accounting) in the diagnosis, analysis, and resolution of complex business situations. Practical problem-solving skills are emphasized. Case analysis and/or computer simulation are used extensively in oral presentations and written cases.


    • or
    • BUS 399 - Entrepreneurship
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteBUS-211 BUS-221 and senior standing. Limited to BSADM, ACCB, PACC, or JMCB majors
      FacultyShay

      A capstone course designed to expose students to a strategic perspective on business challenges in the context of entrepreneurial firms. Integrating concepts and analytical tools from functional disciplines (e.g., finance, marketing, accounting) in the diagnosis, analysis, and resolution of complex business situations, this seminar helps students develop the knowledge, skills, and abilities necessary to excel in either new ventures or in today's increasingly entrepreneurial corporate environments. Among other activities, students learn from case studies, class discussions, and working together to develop and present a business plan.


  4. Business Administration electives:
  5. at least nine additional credits, chosen from Business Administration courses numbered 300 or above, but excluding BUS 401 and 402.
     

  6. Non-Business Administration electives:
  7. nine credits chosen from the following:
     

    ACCT: all courses numbered above 202
    ECON: all courses numbered 200 or above
     

    • ARTH 453 - Internship in Arts Management
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteInstructor consent
      FacultyArcher

      Supervised experience in an art gallery, art dealership, museum, or auction house approved by the Art and Art History Department. Requires written exercises and readings, in addition to curatorial projects devised in advance by the instructor and student.


    • ARTS 217 - Painting I
      FDRHA
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteInstructor consent
      FacultyOlson-Janjic

      Emphasis on color, design and spatial relationships. Work from observation and imagination in oil and acrylic. Lab fee required.


    • ARTS 218 - Painting II
      FDRHA
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteARTS 217 and instructor consent
      FacultyOlson-Janjic

      Continuation of ARTS 217. Lab fee required.


    • ARTS 220 - Photography II
      FDRHA
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteARTS 120 and instructor consent
      FacultyBowden

      An introduction to digital photography, explored through a combination of technique and creative problem solving. Methods and approaches for editing, sequencing, and presentation are investigated. The course includes a combination of demonstrations, studio instruction, and group critiques, as well as image presentations, readings, and discussions related to historical and contemporary movements in the medium. Lab fee required; cameras are available for check-out.


    • ARTS 224 - Color Photography
      FDRHA
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteARTS 120 and instructor consent
      FacultyBowden

      An exploration of the visual and technical principles of color photography, as applied in the digital realm. Students learn the concepts of color photography through studio projects, as well as image presentations, readings, and discussions of methods and artists, historical and contemporary. Students photograph in digital format and learn the craft of fine color printing in the digital darkroom. Lab fee required; cameras are available for check-out.


    • ARTS 226 - Introduction to the Book Arts
      FDRHA
      Credits3
      FacultyStaff

      A creative exploration of the tradition of the handmade book. Students learn to make several styles of binding, including accordion books, pamphlets, and Japanese bindings, developing some skill in letterpress printing, paper decorating, and simple printmaking techniques to create original handmade books. Readings, discussions, and slide lectures introduce students to the ingenious history of books and printing. Besides constructing imaginative, individual book art projects, students create one collaborative project. Lab fee required.


    • ARTS 227 - Printmaking I
      FDRHA
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteARTS 111 or instructor consent
      FacultyBeavers

      A survey of fine art printmaking media, with emphasis on beginning techniques and the artistic potential of the print. Media include a selection of techniques from intaglio, relief, and planographic printmaking.


    • ARTS 228 - Printmaking II
      FDRHA
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteARTS 227 and instructor consent
      FacultyBeavers

      Continuation of Printmaking I, with emphasis on one of the major media of printmaking (intaglio, relief, lithography). Students gain experience both with technique and the creative ability to solve visual problems and present compelling images in two dimensions.


    • ARTS 231 - Sculpture I
      FDRHA
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteInstructor consent
      FacultyTamir

      An introduction to sculpture techniques, tools and materials. Developing skills in working with wood, metal, clay, as well as new media technologies. Lab fee required.


    • ARTS 232 - Sculpture II
      FDRHA
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteARTS 231 and instructor consent

      Studio problems concentrate on one medium, e.g., stone, wood, clay, or metal. Contemporary concerns in sculpture are explored through readings and presentations by students. Lab fee required.


    • ARTS 320 - Large Format Photography
      FDRHA
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteArts 120 and instructor consent
      FacultyBowden

      An introduction to large format photography with the 4x5 camera. Topics covered in the course include advanced exposure techniques utilizing the zone system, the craft of fine printing in both the darkroom and digital studio, and the process for shooting, editing, and sequencing a body of work. Alternative process printing methods may also be explored. This course includes an emphasis on group critique, as well as presentations, readings, and discussions related to historical and contemporary movements in the medium. Lab fee required; cameras are available for check-out.


    • CSCI 209 - Software Development
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteCSCI 112
      FacultySprenkle

      An examination of the theories and design techniques used in software development. Topics include the software life cycle, design patterns, the Unified Modeling Language, unit testing, refactoring, rapid prototyping, and program documentation.


    • CSCI 211 - Algorithm Design and Analysis
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteCSCI 112 and MATH 121 or MATH 301
      FacultyStaff

      Methods for designing efficient algorithms, including divide-and-conquer, dynamic programming, and greedy algorithms. Analysis of algorithms for correctness and estimating running time and space requirements. Topics include advanced data structures, graph theory, network flow, and computational intractability.


    • CSCI 318 - Mobile-Application Development
      FDRSC
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteCSCI 209
      FacultyLambert, Levy

      Students learn how to develop programs for mobile devices, such as cell phones and tablets. The target operating system is either Android or iOS, depending on the instructor offering the course. Classroom lectures on mobile computing and a program development environment are supplemented by extensive hands-on programming assignments, leading to an independent application project of the student's devising. The course culminates with a presentation of each student's application, and an optional upload to the appropriate site for distribution.


    • DANC 220 - Dance Composition
      FDRHA
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteDANC 120
      FacultyDavies

      A studio course exploring the craft and art of creating dance performances in a variety of styles and contexts. Images, text, music, improvisation and the elements of time, space and energy are examined as sources for dance material leading to group choreography. This course focuses on creating a finished performance piece for presentation.


    • ENGN 250 - Introduction to Engineering Design
      Credits4
      PrerequisitePHYS 112
      FacultyD'Alessandro, Kuehner

      This course introduces students to the principles of engineering design through first-hand experience with a design project that culminates in a design competition. In this project-based course, the students gain an understanding of computer-aided drafting, machining techniques, construction methods, design criteria, progress- and final-report writing, and group presentations.


    • ENGL 202 - Topics in Creative Writing: Playwriting
      FDRHA
      Credits4
      PrerequisiteCompletion of FDR FW requirement
      FacultyGavaler

      A course in the practice of writing plays, involving workshops, literary study, critical writing, and performance.


    • ENGL 203 - Topics in Creative Writing: Fiction
      FDRHA
      Credits3 credits in Fall or Winter; 4 credits in Spring
      PrerequisiteCompletion of FW requirement. Limited enrollment
      FacultyStaff

      A course in the practice of writing short fiction, involving workshops, literary study, and critical writing.


    • ENGL 204 - Topics in Creative Writing: Poetry
      FDRHA
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteCompletion of FW requirement. Limited enrollment
      FacultyStaff

      A course in the practice of writing poetry, involving workshops, literary study, and critical writing.


    • ENGL 205 - Poetic Forms
      FDRHA
      Credits4
      PrerequisiteCompletion of FW requirement
      FacultyWheeler

      A course in the practice of writing poetry, with attention to a range of forms and poetic modes. Includes workshops, literary study, community outreach, and performance. A service-learning course. This course blends three activities: exercises for generating poems; workshops devoted to student writing; and literary analysis of verse forms and modes, from terza rima to performance poetry. Local field trips and special events augment regular class meetings. For each class, students complete readings, generate a new poem draft, and undertake other short assignments. Students establish a daily writing practice and participate in a service-learning project.


    • ENGL 206 - Topics in Creative Writing: Nonfiction
      FDRHA
      Credits3 in fall, winter; 4 in spring
      PrerequisiteCompetition of FW requirement. Limited enrollment
      FacultyStaff

      A course in the practice of writing nonfiction, involving workshops, literary study, and critical writing. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


    • ENGL 305 - Writing Outside the Lines
      FDRHA
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteThree credits in 200-level English and instructor consent
      FacultyMiranda

      Previous workshop experience recommended. Students who have successfully completed ENGL 203, 204, 205, 206, or 207 should inform the department's administrative assistant, who will grant them permission to enroll. All others should email a short sample of their writing to the professor. The boundaries between genres can limit imagination; this course opens up those borders and invites experimentation and exploration. Designed to help students become better acquainted with craft, technique, and process, the course focuses on mixed-genre writing that defies easy categorization through combining stylistic traits of more than one creative genre (examples might include the prose poem, narrative poem, dramatic monologue, flash fiction, novel vignettes, poetic memoirs, and other hybrids) as well as transforming a piece from one genre to another (for example, turning a poem into flash fiction or monologue). The course requires regular writing and outside reading.


    • ENGL 307 - Fresh/Local/Wild: The Poetics of Food
      FDRHA
      Credits4
      PrerequisiteThree credits in 200-level English and instructor consent. Students must submit writing samples to qualify for admission. ENGL 203 and/or 204 recommended. Limited enrollment
      FacultyMiranda

      This class visits fresh/local/wild food venues each week, where sensory explorations focus on all aspects of foraging, creating, adapting and eating food. Coursework includes guided writing exercises based on the landscape/geography of food both in the field and classroom, with in-depth readings that help us turn topics like food politics, food insecurity, sustainable agriculture and genetically modified foods into poetry. Individual handmade chapbooks of the term's poems serve as the final product. A service learning component is also included in the course through Campus Kitchen.


    • ENGL 308 - Advanced Creative Writing: Fiction
      FDRHA
      Credits3 in fall and winter, 4 in spring
      PrerequisiteThree credits in any 200- or 300-level creative writing workshop, ENGL 203 recommended. Students who do not meet the requisite may submit a fiction writing sample for possible instructor consent
      FacultyGavaler

      A workshop in writing fiction, requiring regular writing and outside reading.


    • ENGL 309 - Advanced Creative Writing: Memoir
      FDRHA
      Credits3 in fall and winter, 4 in spring
      PrerequisiteThree credits in 200-level English and instructor consent
      FacultyMiranda

      Flannery O'Connor once said that any writer who could survive childhood had enough material to write about for a lifetime. Memoir is a mosaic form, utilizing bits and pieces from autobiography, fiction, essay and poetry in ways that allow the author to muse (speculate, imagine, remember, and question) on their own life experiences. Modern literary memoir requires tremendous work from the author, as she moves both backward and forward in time, re-creates believable dialogue, switches back and forth between scene and summary, and controls the pace and tension of the story with lyricism or brute imagery. In short, the memoirist keeps her reader engaged by being an adept and agile storyteller. This is not straight autobiography. Memoir is more about what can be gleaned from a section of one's life than about chronicling an entire life. Like a mosaic, memoir is about the individual pieces as much as the eventual whole. Work focuses on reading established memoirists, free writing, and workshopping in and out of class.


    • ENV 250 - Ecology of Place
      Credits4
      PrerequisiteInstructor consent
      FacultyCooper, Hurd

      Think globally, study locally. This course explores globally significant environmental issues such as biodiversity conservation, sustainable delivery of ecosystem goods and services, and environmental justice, as they are manifested on a local/regional scale. We examine interactions among ethical, ecological, and economic concerns that shape these issues. Students are fully engaged in the development of policy recommendations that could guide relevant decision makers. The course incorporates readings, field trips, films, and discussions with invited experts.


    • ENV 295 - Special Topics in Environmental Studies
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteENV 110 or BIOL 111

      This courses examines special topics in environmental studies, such as ecotourism, the environment and development, local environmental issues, values and the environment, global fisheries, global climate change, tropical deforestation and similar topics of importance, which could change from year to year. This is a research-intensive course where the student would be expected to write a significant paper, either individually or as part of a group, of sufficient quality to be made useful to the scholarly and policy communities. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


    • ENV 395 - Special Topics in Environmental Ethics
      Credits3

      This course explores areas of topical concern within the field of environmental ethics. The issues explored may vary from year to year. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

      Fall 2017, ENV 395A-01: Environmentalism in the Anthropocene (3). No prerequsites. Students may not also register for PHIL 395A-01. Many people believe we have entered a new geological epoch: The Anthropocene, or Age of Human Domination. Some of the central questions explored in this seminar include: What does it mean to be an environmentalist in the Anthropocene? Are the traditional goals of wilderness preservation and conservation of biodiversity still appropriate? Should conservation biology shift its goals in the direction of conserving valuable ecosystem goods and services? Should our attitudes towards introduced and/or invasive species be transformed?  Should we assist the migration of species that are unable to respond on their own to the habitat shifts that will result from global warming? Has the planet become, in effect, one large human garden to be managed as best we can?  (HU) Cooper


    • ENV 397 - Senior Seminar in Environmental Studies
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteENV 110 and completion of any two of the three remaining areas for the Program in Environmental Studies, and instructor consent. ENV 396 is strongly encouraged as preparation
      FacultyStaff

      An interdisciplinary capstone course intended for students in the environmental studies program. Students analyze a particular environmental issue and attempt to integrate scientific inquiry, political and economic analysis and ethical implications. The particular issue changes each year.


    • JOUR 215 - The Magazine: Past, Present, Future
      Credits4
      FacultyCumming

      Magazines are probably the most resilient mass medium we have, which is good news in the digital age. Even though the magazine business was hit hard in recent years, a look at its past and future is far more cheering. In this class, students learn how to investigate a magazine from the past as a way of understanding the magazine business from the inside. They also learn from current magazine editors, writers, and publishers, with a four-night trip to New York City (additional fee required). And students create teams to produce a tablet-ready magazine prototype.


    • JOUR 231 - Communication Theory
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteJOUR 101; at least sophomore standing; restricted to journalism and strategic communication majors and mass communications minors; or instructor consent
      FacultyArtwick

      A critical overview of leading theoretical traditions in communication studies. Examination of the concepts of general and thematic theories in use, describing the similarities and differences among the concepts and applying them in practical situations. Some attention is paid to epistemological foundations, the structure of communication theory as a field, and examining the relationship between communication theory and sociocultural practice.


    • JOUR 242 - Media Ownership and Control
      FDRSS5
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteAt least junior standing or instructor consent
      FacultyStaff

      This course explores the relationship between what the media do and how they are owned and run. It examines the influence of market pressures and state regulation, and asks how commercial objectives affect the media's ability to meet their traditional responsibilities within a democratic society, as a forum for discourse, an organ of accountability and a means by which popular culture is sustained. Although the chief focus is on news media, the course also looks at the entertainment industries and the Internet as increasingly integrated parts of a consolidated media system and as interpreters of social and political realities.


    • JOUR 270 - Digital Media and Society
      Credits4
      FacultyArtwick

      Facebook, YouTube, and iPhones are popular, if not essential elements in college students' busy lives. Being born into the digital age, students have grown up with profound and rapidly-changing media and communication technologies, yet likely take them for granted. This course takes an in-depth look at digital media, exploring the relationship between technology and social change. The concept of technological determinism guides our examination of social networking, online news/information, digital entertainment, and health online.


    • JOUR 325 - Crisis Communications
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteJOUR 273 or instructor consent; at least junior standing
      FacultyAbah

      A case-study approach to current methods of forecasting problems and responding effectively to crises and consequences in the public and private sectors. Topics include identifying and communicating effectively with stakeholders during crises, effective media-relations strategies during emergencies, building an effective crisis-response plan, regaining public credibility following a crisis, and avoiding public relations mistakes during litigation.


    • JOUR 371 - Reporting on Business
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteAt least junior standing
      FacultySwasy

      Reporting and writing techniques used by journalists who cover the world of business, focusing especially on companies and their employees and customers. Students develop competence in framing, researching, and writing articles in these areas. A part of the business journalism sequence; also appropriate as an elective for other journalism majors and for business majors.


    • JOUR 372 - Reporting on the Economy
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteAt least junior standing
      FacultySwasy

      Reporting and writing techniques used by journalists who cover the world of economics and business, focusing especially on the economy and financial markets. Students develop competence in framing, researching, and writing articles in these areas. A part of the business journalism sequence; also appropriate as an elective for other journalism majors and for business and economics majors.


    • JOUR 377 - Media Management & Entrepreneurship
      Credits3-4
      PrerequisiteAt least sophomore standing. Appropriate for nonmajors. Additional course fee required, for which the student is responsible after Friday of the 7th week of winter term
      FacultySwasy

      A seminar examining trends and challenges in media management, including a close examination of industry economics, changing reader and viewer habits, revenue and profit pressures, and labor and management issues unique to the news profession.


    • MATH 309 - Mathematical Statistics I
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteThe equivalent of MATH 221 with C grade or better

      Probability, probability density and distribution functions, mathematical expectation, discrete and continuous random variables, and moment generating functions.


    • MATH 310 - Mathematical Statistics II
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteMATH 309

      Sampling distributions, point and interval estimation, testing hypotheses, regression and correlation, and analysis of variance.


    • MATH 332 - Ordinary Differential Equations
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteMATH 221 with C grade or better

      First and second order differential equations, systems of differential equations, and applications. Techniques employed are analytic, qualitative, and numerical.


    • MATH 333 - Partial Differential Equations
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteMATH 332

      An introduction to the study of boundary value problems and partial differential equations. Topics include modeling heat and wave phenomena, Fourier series, separation of variables, and Bessel functions. Techniques employed are analytic, qualitative, and numerical.


    • MATH 353 - Numerical Analysis
      Credits4
      PrerequisiteMATH 221 and 222
      FacultySiehler

      Analysis, implementation, and applications of algorithms for solving equations, fitting curves, and numerical differentiation and integration. Theorems and proofs are complemented by hands-on programming exercises fostering a concrete understanding of accuracy, efficiency and stability, as well as an awareness of potential pitfalls in machine arithmetic. No previous programming experience is required.


    • MUS 361 - Advanced Composition I
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteMUS 260
      FacultyVosbein

      This course is the first step in the preparation for the senior composition recital. Original compositions are created and then performed during applied music recitals. Individual instruction is combined with a weekly seminar.


    • PHIL 240 - Contemporary Ethics
      FDRHU
      Credits3
      FacultyStaff

      An examination of different normative ethical theories, including consequentialism (utilitarianism), Kantian deontology, moral intuitionism, and virtue ethics, followed by an application of these normative theories to a selection of ethical problems, including famine and world hunger, abortion, infanticide, euthanasia, suicide, and self-defense. Philosophers include W.D. Ross, J. J. C. Smart, Bernard Williams, Susan Wolf, Peter Singer, Michael Tooley, Judith Jarvis Thomson, and Shelly Kagan.


    • PHIL 242 - Social Inequality and Fair Opportunity
      FDRHU
      Credits3
      FacultyBell

      An exploration of the different range of opportunities available to various social groups, including racial, ethnic and sexual minorities, women, and the poor. Topics include how to define fair equality of opportunity; the social mechanisms that play a role in expanding and limiting opportunity; legal and group-initiated strategies aimed at effecting fair equality of opportunity and the theoretical foundations of these strategies; as well as an analysis of the concepts of equality, merit and citizenship, and their value to individuals and society.


    • PHIL 346 - Medical Ethics
      FDRHU
      Credits3
      FacultyTaylor

      An examination of the issues arising out of the human impact of modern biomedical research and practice. Specific issues are selected from among the following: abortion, contraception, death and dying, experimentation/research, genetics, in vitro fertilization, intellectual and developmental disabilities, public health/community medicine, science/technology, transplantation and patients' rights.


    • PHIL 348 - Legal Ethics
      FDRHU
      Credits3
      FacultyCooper

      An examination of the issues associated with lawyers' roles in society and their impact upon and obligations to the client, the court, and the legal profession. The course also addresses questions of the role and function of law and the adversary system.


    • PHIL 354 - Distributive Justice
      FDRHU
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteJunior standing or instructor consent
      FacultyBell

      How should the product of social cooperation be distributed in a just society? Is wealth redistribution through taxes fair? Is it a fair distribution of wealth that a just society depends on, or is distributive justice more complicated than that? Should we have welfare programs, and, if so, what should they be like? Our studies may include John Rawls' political liberalism, Robert Nozick's libertarianism, Ronald Dworkin's equality of resources, Amartya Sen's capabilities approach, Stuart White's justice as fair reciprocity, and criticisms of the distributive paradigm.


    • POL 215 - International Development
      FDRSS2
      Credits3
      FacultyDickovick

      A study of international development and human capability, with a focus on Africa, Asia, and Latin America. The course analyzes theories to explain development successes and failures, with a focus on the structures, institutions, and actors that shape human societies and social change. Key questions include measuring economic growth and poverty, discussing the roles of states and markets in development, and examining the role of industrialized countries in reducing global poverty. The course explores links between politics and other social sciences and humanities.


    • POL 227 - East Asian Politics
      FDRSS2
      Credits3
      FacultyLeBlanc

      An investigation of East Asian political systems and the global, historical, and cultural contexts in which their political institutions have developed. Students consider the connections between political structure and the rapid social and economic changes in East Asia since World War II, as well as the effectiveness of varied political processes in addressing contemporary problems. Emphasis is given to China, Korea, and Japan.


    • POL 232 - Public Policy
      FDRSS2
      Credits3
      PrerequisitePOL 100
      FacultyHarris

      Introduction to public policy formation and implementation, decision making in government, the concepts and techniques of policy analysis, and ethical analysis of policy. Policy issues such as education, the environment, and public health are used as illustrations.


    • POL 233 - Environmental Policy and Law
      FDRSS2
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteECON 100, ECON 101, or POL 100
      FacultyHarris

      A study of major environmental laws and the history of their enactment and implementation. Discusses different theoretical approaches from law, ethics, politics, and economics. Reviews significant case law and the legal context. Emphasis is on domestic policy with some attention to international law and treaties.


    • POL 245 - European Politics and Society
      FDRSS4
      Credits3
      FacultyJasiewicz

      A comparative analysis of European political systems and social institutions. The course covers the established democracies of western and northern Europe, the new democracies of southern and east-central Europe, and the post-Communist regimes in eastern and southeastern Europe. Mechanisms of European integration are also discussed with attention focused on institutions such as European Union, NATO, OSCE, and Council of Europe.


    • POL 246 - Post-Communism and New Democracies
      FDRSS4 as sociology only
      Credits3
      FacultyJasiewicz

      A comparative analysis of transition from Communism in the countries of the former Soviet bloc. Cases of successful and unsuccessful transitions to civil society, pluralist democracy, and market economy are examined. The comparative framework includes analysis of transition from non-Communist authoritarianism and democratic consolidation in selected countries of Latin America, the Mediterranean, Southeast Asia, and South Africa.


    • POL 247 - Latin American Politics
      FDRSS2
      Credits3
      FacultyDickovick

      This course focuses on Latin American politics during the 20th and 21st centuries. Major topics include: democracy and authoritarianism; representation and power; populism, corporatism, socialism, and communism; and questions of poverty, inequality, and economic growth. The course places particular emphasis on the Cuban and Mexican Revolutions, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Guatemala, and Peru. In addition, the course examines political and economic relations between the United States and Latin America.


    • POL 255 - Gender and Politics
      FDRSS2
      Credits3
      PrerequisitePOL 100, 105 or 111 or instructor consent
      FacultyLeBlanc

      This course investigates the gendered terms under which women and men participate in political life. Attention is given to the causes of men's and women's different patterns of participation in politics, to processes that are likely to decrease the inequalities between men's and women's political power, and the processes by which society's gender expectations shape electoral and institutional politics. The different effects of gender on the practice of politics in different nations are compared, with a special emphasis placed on advanced industrial democracies.


    • POL 381 - Seminar in International Political Economy
      FDRSS2
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteECON 100, ECON 102, or POL 105, or instructor consent. Meets the global politics field requirement in the politics major
      FacultyDickovick

      This course provides an intermediate-level introduction to the major actors, questions, and theories in the field of international political economy (IPE). Course participants discuss political and economic interactions in the areas of international trade, fiscal and monetary policy, and exchange rates; discuss globalization in historical and contemporary perspectives; and examine the international politics of the major intergovernmental organizations, multinational corporations, states, and other institutional actors in the global economy.


    • POV 423 - Poverty and Human Capability: A Research Seminar
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteAt least junior standing, POV 101 or POV 103, POV 453, or instructor consent
      FacultyPickett, Staff

      An inquiry into principal factors or agents responsible for the causes, effects, and remedies of poverty. This examination is conducted through reading appropriate in-depth studies from various disciplines and perspectives, and it culminates with an independent research project into specific aspects of poverty drawing on students' internships and respective areas of study and looking forward to their professional work and civic engagement. This seminar serves as a capstone for undergraduate poverty studies and includes second- and third-year law students in Law 391.


    • PSYC 252 - Sensation Measurement and Perception
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteNEUR 120 or PSYC 110 or 111, and PSYC 250 (as corequisite with instructor consent)
      FacultyLorig

      Problems associated with sensory encoding, scaling, contextual and social determinants of perception are considered. Special emphasis is placed on the role of the senses in daily life.


    • PSYC 254 - Attention
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteNEUR 120 or PSYC 112, and PSYC 120; and at least junior standing
      FacultyWhiting

      An examination of the theories and mechanisms associated with attentional processes. Topics include: selective attention, divided attention, inhibition, working memory, and the application of these processes in human/machine interfaces. The functioning of the above processes in abnormal patient populations is also examined.


    • PSYC 262 - Gender-Role Development
      Credits3
      PrerequisitePSYC 113, PSYC 250 or WGS 120
      FacultyFulcher

      This course provides the student with an overview of gender-role development: How do children learn to be boys and girls? What role do biological factors play in different behaviors of boys and girls? Does society push boys and girls in different directions? We discuss children's evolving ideas about gender, and what can be done to change these ideas (or whether they need to be changed at all). Through the examination of these questions and issues, the course introduces students to the major theories of gender-role development, the research methods used to measure children's gender-role behaviors and attitudes, and the current research in the field.


    • PSYC 269 - Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Discrimination
      Credits3
      PrerequisitePSYC 114 and PSYC 250 (as co-req or pre-req) or instructor consent
      FacultyWoodzicka

      This course examines cognitive and affective processes involved in stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination. Causes and social implications of prejudice involving various stigmatized groups (e.g., African-Americans, women, homosexuals, people of low socioeconomic status, overweight individuals) are examined. Participants focus on attitudes and behaviors of both perpetrators and targets of prejudice that likely contribute to and result from social inequality.


    • SOAN 202 - Contemporary Social Problems
      FDRSS4
      Credits3
      FacultyEastwood

      A study of the relationship of social problems to the cultural life and social structure of American society. An analysis of the causes, consequences, and possible solutions to selected social problems in American society.


    • SOAN 212 - Theories of Social Psychology
      Credits3
      FacultyChin

      An introduction to three major paradigms present in the sociological tradition of social psychology. The course examines social structure and personality, structural social psychology and symbolic interactionist framework. The three paradigmatic approaches are used to understand how macro-level processes influence micro-level social interaction and vice versa.


    • SOAN 228 - Race and Ethnic Relations
      FDRSS4
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteAt least junior standing. Instructor consent required
      FacultyNovack

      An analysis of minority groups in America. Theories of ethnicity are examined focusing on the relationship between class and ethnicity, and on the possible social and biological significance of racial differences. Attention is also given to prejudice and discrimination, as well as to consideration of minority strategies to bring about change.


    • SOAN 245 - European Politics and Society
      FDRSS4
      Credits3
      FacultyJasiewicz

      A comparative analysis of European political systems and social institutions. The course covers the established democracies of western and northern Europe, the new democracies of southern and east-central Europe, and the post-Communist regimes in eastern and southeastern Europe. Mechanisms of European integration are also discussed with attention focused on institutions such as European Union, NATO, OSCE, and Council of Europe.


    • SOAN 246 - Post-Communism and New Democracies
      FDRSS4
      Credits3
      FacultyJasiewicz

      A comparative analysis of transition from Communism in the countries of the former Soviet bloc. Cases of successful and unsuccessful transitions to civil society, pluralist democracy, and market economy are examined. The comparative framework includes analysis of transition from non-Communist authoritarianism and democratic consolidation in selected countries of Latin America, the Mediterranean, Southeast Asia, and South Africa.


    • SOAN 251 - Social Movements
      FDRSS4
      Credits3
      PrerequisitePOL 100, 105 or 111 or instructor consent
      FacultyLeBlanc, Eastwood

      A survey of American social movements, including an evaluation of competing theoretical approaches to the study of social movements and an examination of the strategies, successes, failures, and political and social consequences of the civil rights, labor, student, and women's movements. Close attention is given to factors contributing to the rise and decline of these movements.


    • SOAN 265 - Exploring Social Networks
      FDRSS4
      Credits4
      FacultyEastwood

      This course is an introduction to network analysis. Students learn some of the major network analysis literature in sociology and related fields and develop their skills as network analysts in laboratory sessions. Social science, humanities, business, and public health applications are emphasized.


    • SOAN 280 - Gender and Sexuality
      FDRSS4
      Credits3
      FacultyNovack

      An anthropological and sociological investigation of sex roles in preliterate and modern societies. Special consideration is given to the role of innate sexual differences, cultural variation, technology, and power in determining patterns of male dominance. Emphasis is placed on real and mythical female and male power in the context of changing relationships between men and women in American society.


    • SOAN 375 - Methods of Social Inquiry
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteSOAN 101 (ANTH 101) or SOAN 102 (SOC 102), and at least junior standing
      FacultyChin

      The rationale and practice of social research methods and their relationship to social theory. Major aspects of social inquiry - such as asking questions, creating hypotheses, measurement and interpretation are examined. The course includes lecture, discussion, and completing a major term-long research project.


    • THTR 220 - Playwriting
      FDRHA
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteInstructor consent

      An introductory workshop in creative writing for the theater that will focus on traditional forms of scene and script writing. Opportunities for collaborative writing and devised theater may be included. Weekly writing and reading assignments are required. Limited enrollment.


    • THTR 238 - 3D Printing & Desktop Manufacturing for the Theater
      FDRHA
      Credits3
      FacultyCollins

      Desktop manufacturing has revolutionized the design and prototyping of objects. This course is an introduction to the use of desktop manufacturing technologies. Students learn how to create digital designs, publish them electronically and create physical versions of those digital ideas. The course concentrates on how these technologies can be used in theater design and technology.


    • THTR 239 - Total Theater
      FDRHA
      Credits4
      PrerequisiteThree credits in theater or dance and instructor consent
      FacultyStaff

      A practical study of design, directing, production and acting problems in a specific style of dramatic literature, culminating in a public theatrical production.


    • THTR 251 - Introduction to Performance Design
      FDRHA
      Credits3
      FacultyCollins, Evans

      An introduction to the history, fundamentals and aesthetics of design for theater and dance with an emphasis on the collaborative nature of the design disciplines. Design projects are required. Lab fee required


    • THTR 253 - Digital Production
      FDRHA
      Credits3
      FacultyEvans

      Digital technologies and multimedia interaction are increasingly utilized to produce, enhance, and innovate theatrical production. Students examine and experiment with various digital technologies as they relate to theater and dance performance. Students create digital audio, video, design rendering, and animation projects for theatrical performances.


    • THTR 361 - Stage Directing 1
      FDRHA
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteTHTR 141 and instructor consent
      FacultyLevy

      An introduction to directing for the stage.  In this hands-on class, students learn and develop basic techniques for integrating work with scripts, performers, and designers into a cohesive stage performance.  Students direct scenes from realistic modern or contemporary plays, focusing on collaboration, clarity, imagination, and analysis to create stage pictures and character relationships that tell a specific story on stage.  The class culminates in invited classroom performances.


  8. One course from each International Business and Information Systems
  9. The 18 credits required in 4 and 5 above must include at least one course from each of the following areas:
     

    a. International Business: BUS 305, 330, 333, 335, 337, 357, 372, 390; ECON 270, 271, 272, 274, 275, 280, 317, 356, 382
    b. Information Systems: ACCT 310; BUS 306, 310, 311, 312, 315, 317, 321, 325

     

  10. Business Adm and Psychology majors:
  11. For students majoring in both business administration and psychology, completing both PSYC 120 and 250 may be substituted for INTR 202.”