Spotlight on Languages
The Superior Social Skills of Bilinguals
We know that learning more than one language enables new conversations and new experiences. Less obvious advantages include cognitive benefits, such as improved executive function - which is critical for problem solving and other mentally demanding activities. Researchers in Psychology have found that children in multilingual environments have social experiences that provide routine practice in considering the perspectives of others: They have to think about who speaks which language to whom, who understands which content, and the times and places in which different languages are spoken. It seems that these experiences enhance the basic skills of interpersonal communication.
Born Again in a Second Language
A reflection from Simone Weil in her "Letter to a Priest", that a change in religion can be as dangerous a thing as a change of language for a writer, leads the author to reflect on additional insights on writing in a second language, from Samuel Beckett, an Irishman writing in French, and from the Russian writer Joseph Brodsky writing in English. It seems that in the process of adopting a second language as a means of expression, you don’t really change languages; the language changes you. Also, the author notes that writing literature in another language has a distinctly performative dimension: as you do it something happens to you, the language acts upon you. The book you are writing ends up writing you in turn.
Why Bilinguals are Smarter
In contemplating the benefits of language study, many of us consider the practical aspects of fluency in a second language. These typically include the ability to communicate with people that we would otherwise not be able to approach for conversation or insight. Another consideration involves understanding language as a cultural construct, and hence knowledge of a second language leads to a deeper appreciation of its culture. A recent article in the New York Times reveals another advantage to achieving fluency in a second language, as it reviews research showing that bilingualism leads to significantly enhanced cognitive abilities. Interestingly, the article points out that these benefits also accrue to those who learn a second language later in life.
The Spanish Lesson I Never Got at School
The author, the son of Guatemalan immigrants to the US, speaks about his experience growing up in Los Angeles without the benefit of bilingual education, never learning to read or write Spanish and as a teenager speaking at the linguistic equivalent of a second grader. As the author remarks, Californians believed that children like the author were smarter without Spanish. But even as Donald Trump was elected president, Californians approved a ballot measure to expand bilingual education in public schools. For Latino immigrant children, Spanish is the key to fuller communion with their elders and to a better understanding of their family histories. They are smarter in fact for every bit of Spanish they keep alive in their bilingual brains.