Physics and Engineering Degree Requirements - Class of 2018 and after

2016 - 2017 Catalog

The Physics department has the following degrees:

Chemistry-Engineering major leading to BS degree

A major in chemistry-engineering leading to a Bachelor of Science degree requires completion of at least 47 credits, no more than three credits of which may be from 400-level courses, and including the following:

  1. PHYS 111, 112, 113, 114; CHEM 110, 211, 241 or 241S, 242, 262; ENGN 203, 204, 240, 311, 361; MATH 221, 332;
  2. Eight additional credits chosen from ENGN 160 or courses numbered 200 or above in biology, chemistry, engineering, and physics. No more than three of these credits may be numbered 400 or above.
  1. Required courses
    • PHYS 111 - General Physics I

      FDR: SL
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall

      An introduction to classical mechanics and thermodynamics. Topics include Newton's laws, wave motion, and the laws of thermodynamics. This course must be taken simultaneously with Physics 113.


    • PHYS 112 - General Physics II

      FDR: SL
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter

      A continuation of PHYS 111. Topics include electricity and magnetism, optics, relativity, and quantum theory. This course must be taken simultaneously with PHYS 114.


    • PHYS 113 - General Physics Laboratory I

      FDR: SL
      Credits: 1
      Planned Offering: Fall

      Laboratory exercises in classical mechanics.


    • PHYS 114 - General Physics Laboratory II

      FDR: SL
      Credits: 1
      Planned Offering: Winter

      Laboratory exercises in electricity and magnetism, optics, and modern physics.


    • CHEM 110 - General Chemistry

      FDR: SL
      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Fall, Winter

      This is a foundational course for those pursuing upper-level chemistry and biochemistry. Fundamental vocabulary, concepts, and principles that appear throughout the chemistry and biochemistry curriculum are introduced. Topics include basic chemistry calculations, quantum mechanics in chemistry, molecular structure, chemical thermodynamics, and chemical kinetics. In addition, a range of spectroscopic methods including UV-Vis, Atomic Absorption, and XRF are employed in the laboratory. While no previous knowledge of chemistry is required, some background is advantageous. Laboratory course.


    • CHEM 211 - Analytical Chemistry

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Winter

      Emphasis on inorganic systems exhibiting aqueous solution equilibria. Topics covered include acid/base reactions, redox reactions, complexation, precipitation reactions, and solution equilibrium. Laboratory work emphasizes basic wet-chemical as well as more sophisticated instrumental techniques of chemical quantitative analysis with appropriate statistical methods of data handling. Laboratory course with fee.


    • CHEM 241 - Organic Chemistry I

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Fall

      A survey of the compounds of carbon including their structure, chemical and physical properties, reactivity, reaction mechanisms, identification, and synthesis. Laboratory focuses on the development of skills in preparing, purifying, and identifying organic compounds using spectroscopic methods. Laboratory course with fee.


    • or
    • CHEM 241S - Organic Chemistry I at St. Andrews

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Fall

      A survey of the compounds of carbon including their structure, chemical and physical properties, reactivity, reaction mechanisms, identification, and synthesis. Laboratory focuses on the development of skills in preparing, purifying, and identifying organic compounds using spectroscopic methods. Taught at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland with final grade assigned by W&L faculty member. Laboratory course.


    • CHEM 242 - Organic Chemistry II

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Winter

      A continuation of CHEM 241.  Laboratory course with fee.


    • CHEM 262 - Physical Chemistry: Thermodynamics and Kinetics

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Not offered in 2016-2017

      An introduction to classical and statistical thermodynamics and chemical kinetics with an emphasis on biological systems. Topics include enzyme kinetics, the thermodynamics of metabolic cycles, and the conformational energetics of biomolecules, especially protein folding.


    • ENGN 203 - Mechanics I: Statics

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall

      The science of mechanics is used to study bodies in equilibrium under the action of external forces. Emphasis is on problem solving: trusses, frames and machines, centroids, area moments of inertia, beams, cables, and friction.


    • ENGN 204 - Mechanics II: Dynamics

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter

      A study of kinetics of particles and rigid bodies including force, mass, acceleration, work, energy, momentum. A student may not receive degree credit for both ENGN 204 and PHYS 230.


    • ENGN 240 - Thermodynamics

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall

      A study of the fundamental concepts of thermodynamics, thermodynamic properties of matter, and applications to engineering processes.


    • ENGN 311 - Fluid Mechanics

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter

      Fluid statics; application of the integral mass, momentum, and energy equations using control volume concepts; introduction to viscous flow, boundary layer theory, and differential analysis. Laboratory course.


    • ENGN 361 - Fluid Mechanics Laboratory

      Credits: 1
      Planned Offering: Winter

      Experimental investigation of fluid mechanics under static and dynamic conditions. Correlation of experimental results with theoretical models of fluid behavior. Experiments examine concepts such as hydrostatic force, fluid kinematics, kinetics, and energy.


    • MATH 221 - Multivariable Calculus

      FDR: SC
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall, Winter

      Motion in three dimensions, parametric curves, differential calculus of multivariable functions, multiple integrals, line integrals, and Green's Theorem.


    • MATH 332 - Ordinary Differential Equations

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall

      First and second order differential equations, systems of differential equations, and applications. Techniques employed are analytic, qualitative, and numerical.


  2. Eight additional credits chosen from:
  3. Courses numbered 200 or above in biology, chemistry, engineering, and physics, or ENGN 160. No more than three of these credits may be numbered 400 or above.

    • ENGN 160 - CADD: Computer-Aided Drafting & Design

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit

      An introduction to engineering and architectural drawings. Emphasis is placed on using computer software to create two-dimensional drawings and three-dimensional models. Specific topics include orthographic projections, pictorials, assembly drawings, dimensioning practices, and techniques for three-dimensional visualization.


    • or courses numbered 200 or above in biology, chemistry, engineering, and physics. No more than three of these credits may be numbered 400 or above.

Engineering major leading to BS degree

A major in engineering leading to a Bachelor of Science degree requires completion of at least 63 credits:

  1. PHYS 111, 112, 113, 114; MATH 101, 102, 221, 332; ENGN 178, 203, 204, 207 (PHYS 207), 225 (PHYS 225), 378, 379
  2. One lecture/lab sequence chosen from ENGN 301+351 or ENGN 311+361
  3. Three additional credits from ENGN 208, 240, 260, 267, 295, 301+351, 311+361, 312, 330, 395
  4. One additional four-credit laboratory course chosen from CHEM 110, CSCI 121, or at the 200 level or above in biology, chemistry, computer science, engineering, geology, and physics
  1. Required courses
    • PHYS 111 - General Physics I

      FDR: SL
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall

      An introduction to classical mechanics and thermodynamics. Topics include Newton's laws, wave motion, and the laws of thermodynamics. This course must be taken simultaneously with Physics 113.


    • PHYS 112 - General Physics II

      FDR: SL
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter

      A continuation of PHYS 111. Topics include electricity and magnetism, optics, relativity, and quantum theory. This course must be taken simultaneously with PHYS 114.


    • PHYS 113 - General Physics Laboratory I

      FDR: SL
      Credits: 1
      Planned Offering: Fall

      Laboratory exercises in classical mechanics.


    • PHYS 114 - General Physics Laboratory II

      FDR: SL
      Credits: 1
      Planned Offering: Winter

      Laboratory exercises in electricity and magnetism, optics, and modern physics.


    • MATH 101 - Calculus I

      FDR: FM
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall, Winter

      An introduction to the calculus of functions of one variable, including a study of limits, derivatives, extrema, integrals, and the fundamental theorem.

      MATH 101: Calculus I (3). An introduction to the calculus of functions of one variable, including a study of limits, derivatives, extrema, integrals, and the fundamental theorem. (Note that 101, 101B, and 101E all lead into MATH 102.) (FM) Staff.

      MATH 101B: Calculus I for Beginners: A First Course (3). This class is restricted to and specially tailored for those who are beginning their study of calculus. Students who have already seen calculus, yet wish to retake it, must register for 101 or 101E instead of 101B. An introduction to the calculus of functions of one variable, including a study of limits, derivatives, extrema, integrals, and the fundamental theorem. This section meets four days per week. (FM) Staff.

      Fall 2015, MATH 101E-01: Calculus I with Biology Applications (3). Prerequisite: Instructor consent. Corequisite: BIOL 111 or CHEM 110. This section has a strong emphasis on biological applications, and is intended to benefit students interested in biological majors and health-related careers. It is designed and specially tailored for First-Years who took high school biology and who are taking a college lab science course concurrently. It is intended both for those students who have never had calculus before and also for those who have seen some calculus yet want to start over at the beginning of the calculus sequence. Mathematical concepts include the study of limits, derivatives, extrema, integrals, and the fundamental theorem of calculus. This section meets four days per week. (FM) Toporikova.


    • MATH 102 - Calculus II

      FDR: FM
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall, Winter

      A continuation of MATH 101, including techniques and applications of integration, transcendental functions, and infinite series.


    • MATH 221 - Multivariable Calculus

      FDR: SC
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall, Winter

      Motion in three dimensions, parametric curves, differential calculus of multivariable functions, multiple integrals, line integrals, and Green's Theorem.


    • MATH 332 - Ordinary Differential Equations

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall

      First and second order differential equations, systems of differential equations, and applications. Techniques employed are analytic, qualitative, and numerical.


    • ENGN 178 - Introduction to Engineering

      FDR: SC
      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Winter

      This course introduces students to basic skills useful to engineers, the engineering design process, and the engineering profession. Students learn various topics of engineering, including engineering disciplines, the role of an engineer in the engineering design process, and engineering ethics. Skills learned in this course include programming and the preparation of engineering drawings. Programming skills are developed using flowcharting and MATLAB. Autodesk Inventor is used to create three-dimensional solid models and engineering drawings. The course culminates in a collaborative design project, allowing students to use their new skills


    • ENGN 203 - Mechanics I: Statics

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall

      The science of mechanics is used to study bodies in equilibrium under the action of external forces. Emphasis is on problem solving: trusses, frames and machines, centroids, area moments of inertia, beams, cables, and friction.


    • ENGN 204 - Mechanics II: Dynamics

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter

      A study of kinetics of particles and rigid bodies including force, mass, acceleration, work, energy, momentum. A student may not receive degree credit for both ENGN 204 and PHYS 230.


    • ENGN 207 - Electrical Circuits (PHYS 207)

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Fall

      A detailed study of electrical circuits and the methods used in their analysis. Basic circuit components, as well as devices such as operational amplifiers, are investigated. The laboratory acquaints the student both with fundamental electronic diagnostic equipment and with the design and behavior of useful circuits. Laboratory course.


    • ENGN 225 - Mathematical Methods for Physics and Engineering (PHYS 225)

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter

      Study of a collection of mathematical techniques particularly useful in upper-level courses in physics and engineering: vector differential operators such as gradient, divergence, and curl; functions of complex variables; Fourier analysis; orthogonal functions; matrix algebra and the matrix eigenvalue problem; ordinary and partial differential equations.


    • ENGN 378 - Capstone Design

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Fall. First offering planned for Fall 2017

      First term of the year-long capstone design project in which student teams solve open-ended engineering problems by integrating and synthesizing engineering design and analysis learned in previous courses. Project topics vary year-to-year and are driven by student interest. The fall term is dedicated to the design and planning phases. This includes project topic selection; comprehensive study of necessary background material; and identification of design objectives, conceptual models, and materials and equipment needed. This course culminates with submission of a full design proposal.


    • ENGN 379 - Capstone Design

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Winter. First offering planned for Winter 2018

      Second term of the year-long capstone design project in which student teams solve open-ended engineering problems by integrating and synthesizing engineering design and analysis learned in previous courses. Project topics vary year-to-year and are driven by student interest. The winter term is dedicated to implementation -- building, testing, analyzing, and revising the design, culminating with a public presentation and proof-of-concept demonstration.


  2. One lecture/lab sequence chosen from:
    • ENGN 301 - Solid Mechanics +

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall

      Internal equilibrium of members; introduction to mechanics of continuous media; concepts of stress, material properties, principal moments of inertia; deformation caused by axial loads, shear, torsion, bending and combined loading.


    • ENGN 351 - Solid Mechanics Laboratory

      Credits: 1
      Planned Offering: Fall

      Experimental observation and correlation with theoretical predictions of elastic behavior of structures under static loading; statically determinate loading of beams; tension of metals; compression of mortar; torsion; and computer models for stress analysis. Laboratory course.


    • or
    • ENGN 311 - Fluid Mechanics +

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter

      Fluid statics; application of the integral mass, momentum, and energy equations using control volume concepts; introduction to viscous flow, boundary layer theory, and differential analysis. Laboratory course.


    • ENGN 361 - Fluid Mechanics Laboratory

      Credits: 1
      Planned Offering: Winter

      Experimental investigation of fluid mechanics under static and dynamic conditions. Correlation of experimental results with theoretical models of fluid behavior. Experiments examine concepts such as hydrostatic force, fluid kinematics, kinetics, and energy.


  3. Three additional courses chosen from:
    • ENGN 208 - Electronics

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit

      An introduction to practical analog and digital electronics emphasizing design, construction, and measurement of circuits in the laboratory. Topics may include diode wave-shaping circuits, transistor audio amplifiers, power supplies, oscillators, data converters (A/D and D/A), Boolean logic gates, programmable logic devices, flip-flops, counters, data storage and retrieval, and a survey of emerging technologies.


    • ENGN 240 - Thermodynamics

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall

      A study of the fundamental concepts of thermodynamics, thermodynamic properties of matter, and applications to engineering processes.


    • ENGN 260 - Materials Science

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter

      An introduction to solid state materials. A study of the relation between microstructure and the corresponding physical properties for metals, ceramics, polymers, and composites.


    • ENGN 267 - Bioengineering and Bioinspired Design

      FDR: SC
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter

      Interdisciplinary study of the physical principles of animal navigation and sensory mechanisms. This course integrates biology, physics, engineering, and quantitative methods to study how an animal's physiology is optimized to perform a critical function, as well as how these biological systems inspire new technologies. Topics include: long-distance navigation; locomotion; optical, thermal, and auditory sensing; bioelectricity; biomaterials; and swarm synchronicity. Some examples of questions addressed are: How does a loggerhead turtle navigate during a 9,000 mile open-ocean swim to return to the beach where it was born? How does a blowfly hover and outmaneuver an F-16? How is the mantis shrimp eye guiding the next revolution in DVD technology? This course is intended for students interested in working on problems at the boundary of biology and physics/engineering, and is appropriate for those who have more experience in one field than the other. Lectures, reading and discussion of research literature, and hands-on investigation/field-work, where appropriate.


    • ENGN 295 - Intermediate Special Topics in Engineering

      Credits: 3 credits for fall or winter; 4 credits for spring
      Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit

      Intermediate work in bioengineering, solid mechanics, fluid mechanics or materials science. May be repeated for a maximum of six credits if the topics are different.


    • ENGN 301 - Solid Mechanics +

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall

      Internal equilibrium of members; introduction to mechanics of continuous media; concepts of stress, material properties, principal moments of inertia; deformation caused by axial loads, shear, torsion, bending and combined loading.


    • ENGN 351 - Solid Mechanics Laboratory

      Credits: 1
      Planned Offering: Fall

      Experimental observation and correlation with theoretical predictions of elastic behavior of structures under static loading; statically determinate loading of beams; tension of metals; compression of mortar; torsion; and computer models for stress analysis. Laboratory course.


    • ENGN 311 - Fluid Mechanics +

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter

      Fluid statics; application of the integral mass, momentum, and energy equations using control volume concepts; introduction to viscous flow, boundary layer theory, and differential analysis. Laboratory course.


    • ENGN 361 - Fluid Mechanics Laboratory

      Credits: 1
      Planned Offering: Winter

      Experimental investigation of fluid mechanics under static and dynamic conditions. Correlation of experimental results with theoretical models of fluid behavior. Experiments examine concepts such as hydrostatic force, fluid kinematics, kinetics, and energy.


    • ENGN 312 - Heat Transfer

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit

      Principles of heat transfer by conduction, convection, and radiation. Topics include transient and steady state analysis, boiling, condensation, and heat exchanger analysis. Application of these principles to selected problems in engineering.


    • ENGN 330 - Mechanical Vibrations

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit

      Analysis of lumped parameter and continuous systems (free and forced, damped and undamped, single- and multi-degree-of-freedom); transient response to shock pulses; simple linear systems; exact and approximate solution techniques; and solution to continuous systems using partial differential equations.


    • ENGN 395 - Special Topics in Engineering

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit

      Advanced work in solid mechanics, fluid mechanics, heat transfer, or materials science. Topics selected based on student interest. May be repeated for a maximum of six credits if the topics are different.


  4. One additional four-credit laboratory course chosen from:
    • CHEM 110 - General Chemistry

      FDR: SL
      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Fall, Winter

      This is a foundational course for those pursuing upper-level chemistry and biochemistry. Fundamental vocabulary, concepts, and principles that appear throughout the chemistry and biochemistry curriculum are introduced. Topics include basic chemistry calculations, quantum mechanics in chemistry, molecular structure, chemical thermodynamics, and chemical kinetics. In addition, a range of spectroscopic methods including UV-Vis, Atomic Absorption, and XRF are employed in the laboratory. While no previous knowledge of chemistry is required, some background is advantageous. Laboratory course.


    • CSCI 121 - Scientific Computing

      FDR: FM
      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Winter

      An introduction to computer programming for scientific applications and a survey of the main methodological areas of scientific computation. The course provides the tools needed for students to use computers effectively in scientific work, whether in physics, chemistry, mathematics, economics, biology, psychology, or any field involving quantitative work. Programming in Matlab, a scientific-computing software package, with a focus on topics relevant to students' major fields of study. Lectures and formal labs.


    • or at the 200 level or above in biology, chemistry, computer science, engineering, geology, and physics

Physics major leading to BS degree

A major in physics leading to a Bachelor of Science degree requires completion of at least 50 credits including the following.

  1. PHYS 111, 112, 113, 114, 207 (ENGN 207), 210, 215, 220, 225 (ENGN 225), 230, 340, 345; and MATH 332, 333
  2. One additional PHYS course at the 200- or 300-level
  3. Seven additional credits chosen from the following, with no more than three credits at the 400-level:
    BIOL 280, 282, 283, 385
    CHEM 110, CHEM numbered 200 and above;
    CSCI 121, 211, 250;
    ENGN numbered 200 and above
    GEOL 211, 275, 311;
    MATH 303, 309, 310, 345, 353
    PHYS numbered 200 and above

Additional courses required as prerequisites for completion of the above include MATH 101, 102, and 221.

  1. Required courses:
    • PHYS 111 - General Physics I

      FDR: SL
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall

      An introduction to classical mechanics and thermodynamics. Topics include Newton's laws, wave motion, and the laws of thermodynamics. This course must be taken simultaneously with Physics 113.


    • PHYS 112 - General Physics II

      FDR: SL
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter

      A continuation of PHYS 111. Topics include electricity and magnetism, optics, relativity, and quantum theory. This course must be taken simultaneously with PHYS 114.


    • PHYS 113 - General Physics Laboratory I

      FDR: SL
      Credits: 1
      Planned Offering: Fall

      Laboratory exercises in classical mechanics.


    • PHYS 114 - General Physics Laboratory II

      FDR: SL
      Credits: 1
      Planned Offering: Winter

      Laboratory exercises in electricity and magnetism, optics, and modern physics.


    • PHYS 207 - Electrical Circuits (ENGN 207)

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Fall

      A detailed study of electrical circuits and the methods used in their analysis. Basic circuit components, as well as devices such as operational amplifiers, are investigated. The laboratory acquaints the student both with fundamental electronic diagnostic equipment and with the design and behavior of useful circuits. Laboratory course.


    • PHYS 210 - Modern Physics

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall

      An introduction to the physics of the atom, including the wave description of matter and quantum mechanics, and the experiments that led to the theory. Selected topics from atomic, molecular, nuclear, statistical, and solid state physics are discussed; the choice of topics may vary from year to year.


    • PHYS 215 - Optics

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Winter

      A study of the properties of electromagnetic waves with special emphasis on visible light. Wave descriptions are developed for scattering, reflection, refraction, interference, diffraction, and polarization. Topics in geometrical optics are also studied, including lenses and aberration theory. Laboratory course.


    • PHYS 220 - Electricity and Magnetism

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter (not offered in 2016-17)

      An introduction to the classical theory of electric and magnetic fields. The basic equations of electromagnetism (Maxwell's equations) are developed through a study of electrostatics, steady-state magnetism, and electromagnetic induction.


    • PHYS 225 - Mathematical Methods for Physics and Engineering (ENGN 225)

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter

      Study of a collection of mathematical techniques particularly useful in upper-level courses in physics and engineering: vector differential operators such as gradient, divergence, and curl; functions of complex variables; Fourier analysis; orthogonal functions; matrix algebra and the matrix eigenvalue problem; ordinary and partial differential equations.


    • PHYS 230 - Newtonian Mechanics

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter

      A thorough study of Newton's laws of motion, rigid body motion, and accelerated reference frames. A student may not receive degree credit for both ENGN 204 and PHYS 230.


    • PHYS 340 - Quantum Mechanics

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall

      A study of the postulates and formalism of quantum theory emphasizing the Schroedinger approach. The probabilistic theory is applied to one-dimensional bound and scattering states and the three-dimensional central force problem. Investigation of spin and angular momentum, Clebsch-Gordan coefficients, indistinguishable particles, and perturbation theory. Mathematical formalism includes operators, commutators, Hilbert space, and Dirac notation.


    • PHYS 345 - Statistical Physics

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter

      A study of the statistical methods used in various branches of physics. The Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein distribution functions are derived and applied to problems in thermodynamics and the physics of solids.


    • MATH 332 - Ordinary Differential Equations

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall

      First and second order differential equations, systems of differential equations, and applications. Techniques employed are analytic, qualitative, and numerical.


    • MATH 333 - Partial Differential Equations

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter

      An introduction to the study of boundary value problems and partial differential equations. Topics include modeling heat and wave phenomena, Fourier series, separation of variables, and Bessel functions. Techniques employed are analytic, qualitative, and numerical.


  2. One additional PHYS course at the 200- or 300-level.
  3. Seven additional credits chosen from the following, with no more than three credits at the 400-level:
    • BIOL 280 - Neural Imaging

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Spring 2018 and alternate years

      This course examines how the architecture of specific types of neurons affect the neuron's ability to receive, process, and transmit synaptic information. In particular, the course examines how some of the important molecular growth and differentiation cues (e.g., growth factors) can transmit signals important for axon growth and survival of developing and mature neurons. Topics may include neurogenesis, axonal pathfinding, synaptogenesis, and regeneration. Students will conduct original research in the laboratory and acquire skills with various imaging techniques and analytical tools.


    • BIOL 282 - Dynamics of Biological Systems

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Fall

      This course discusses how biological systems, ranging from single cells to entire human populations, change over time. Students learn to describe a biological system quantitatively, create a model of the system's dynamics, and make testable predictions. Topics covered include, but are not limited to, cell metabolism, scaling laws for biological systems, population dynamics, and epidemiological modeling. Students learn how to develop and analyze their own models in the lab component of this course where all necessary mathematical and programming background are developed as needed.  Laboratory course.


    • BIOL 283 - Pregnancy: A KISS in Time?

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Spring

      Kisspeptin (KISS) is a neuropeptide that controls reproductive maturation and function. Its adequate secretion is essential for correct reproductive function and successful pregnancy. Recent experimental studies have shown that KISS may act as a central integrator for other reproductive hormones and neuropeptides. For example, KISS stimulates release of the hormone prolactin (PRL), which helps to maintain pregnancy and prepare the body for lactation. In this class ,students determine the role that KISS plays in successful pregnancy using computational modeling. Students experience the world of computational modeling in neuroendocrinology by working in teams to investigate and extend an existing model for hormonal interaction between KISS and PRL in pregnancy in rats. The model will be used to generate experimentally tested predictions.


    • BIOL 385 - Molecular Mechanics of Life

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Fall 2012 and alternate years

      How do we study complex networks of interactions between molecules in cells? How do we discover what roles different molecular machines play in the development and behavior of cells and animals? How can we identify the ways in which medical illness is caused by the misregulation of biological complexes because of a pathogenic infection or genetic disease? Our approach to answering these questions reflects the same interdisciplinary strategy being used at the forefront of current biomedical research. We consider the ways in which traditional approaches in biochemistry, genetics and cell biology can be merged with new systems-level approaches such as genomics and proteomics, to allow us to probe the underlying molecular mechanics of life. In the classroom, we examine different molecular networks, while readings include selections from the primary literature. The laboratory is based on an investigation of a novel research question, designed and addressed by student participants. Laboratory course


    • CHEM 110 - General Chemistry

      FDR: SL
      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Fall, Winter

      This is a foundational course for those pursuing upper-level chemistry and biochemistry. Fundamental vocabulary, concepts, and principles that appear throughout the chemistry and biochemistry curriculum are introduced. Topics include basic chemistry calculations, quantum mechanics in chemistry, molecular structure, chemical thermodynamics, and chemical kinetics. In addition, a range of spectroscopic methods including UV-Vis, Atomic Absorption, and XRF are employed in the laboratory. While no previous knowledge of chemistry is required, some background is advantageous. Laboratory course.


    • CHEM numbered 200 and above
    • CSCI 121 - Scientific Computing

      FDR: FM
      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Winter

      An introduction to computer programming for scientific applications and a survey of the main methodological areas of scientific computation. The course provides the tools needed for students to use computers effectively in scientific work, whether in physics, chemistry, mathematics, economics, biology, psychology, or any field involving quantitative work. Programming in Matlab, a scientific-computing software package, with a focus on topics relevant to students' major fields of study. Lectures and formal labs.


    • CSCI 211 - Algorithm Design and Analysis

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter

      Methods for designing efficient algorithms, including divide-and-conquer, dynamic programming, and greedy algorithms. Analysis of algorithms for correctness and estimating running time and space requirements. Topics include advanced data structures, graph theory, network flow, and computational intractability.


    • CSCI 250 - Introduction to Robotics

      FDR: SC
      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit

      This course combines readings from the contemporary robotics literature with hands-on lab experience building robots (equipment provided) and programming them to do various tasks. The lab experience culminates with a peer-judged competition of robot projects proposed and built during the second half of the term.


    • ENGN numbered 200 and above
    • GEOL 211 - Earth Materials I: Rocks and Minerals

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Fall 2016

      A laboratory course introducing Earth materials, including minerals and rocks, with an emphasis on a hands-on approach to identifying and interpreting minerals and their associations in igneous and metamorphic rocks. Students learn the techniques and principles of hand sample identification, optical mineralogy and petrography, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy.


    • GEOL 275 - Introductory Geophysics

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Fall 2017 and alternate years

      A review of the geophysical methods used to study the interior of the Earth, the magnetic field, isostasy, and earthquake seismology. Attention is given to the methods used in geophysics to collect and analyze data. A gravimeter, a magnetometer, seismic refraction and electrical resistivity equipment are used to collect field data. The data, corrections, and interpretations are incorporated into a technical report for each of the four surveys. Laboratory course.


    • GEOL 311 - Earth Materials II: Geochemistry

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Winter 2017

      A laboratory course emphasizing the principles and tools of the chemical composition of Earth materials to interpret petrogenesis. The course focuses on processes occurring below and at the Earth's surface. Topics include: crystal chemistry, magmatic and metamorphic processes, trace element and isotope geochemistry, oxidation and reduction, and water-rock interactions. The laboratory includes both a local field and laboratory component and focuses on using analytical techniques to evaluate chemical composition including electron microscopy, ion chromatography, X-ray diffraction, and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry.


    • MATH 303 - Complex Analysis

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter 2015 and alternate years

      Algebra of complex numbers, polar form, powers, and roots. Derivatives and geometry of elementary functions. Line integrals, the Cauchy Integral Theorem, the Cauchy Integral formula, Taylor and Laurent Series, residues, and poles. Applications.


    • MATH 309 - Mathematical Statistics I

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall 2015 and alternate years

      Probability, probability density and distribution functions, mathematical expectation, discrete and continuous random variables, and moment generating functions.


    • MATH 310 - Mathematical Statistics II

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter 2016 and alternate years

      Sampling distributions, point and interval estimation, testing hypotheses, regression and correlation, and analysis of variance.


    • MATH 345 - Calculus on Manifolds

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter 2015 and alternate years

      This course builds on material from both multivariable calculus and linear algebra. Topics covered include: manifolds, derivatives as linear transformations, tangent spaces, inverse and implicit function theorems, integration on manifolds, differential forms, and the generalized Stokes's Theorem.


    • MATH 353 - Numerical Analysis

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Spring 2015 and alternate years

      Analysis, implementation, and applications of algorithms for solving equations, fitting curves, and numerical differentiation and integration. Theorems and proofs are complemented by hands-on programming exercises fostering a concrete understanding of accuracy, efficiency and stability, as well as an awareness of potential pitfalls in machine arithmetic. No previous programming experience is required.


    • PHYS numbered 200 and above