LACS Minor Requirements

2017 - 2018 Catalog

Latin American and Caribbean Studies minor

A minor in Latin American and Caribbean studies may complement either a Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science degree, and requires completion of at least 21 credits of LACS and related courses. In meeting the requirements of this interdisciplinary minor, a student must use at least nine credits that are not also used to meet the requirements of any other major or minor.

  1. Introduction: LACS 101
  2. Distribution: 9 credits selected from the following, with at least one course from two of the three areas. Additional courses may be used when the topic is relevant and the program head approves in advance.
    1. Literature: LACS 256 (LIT 256), LIT 259; SPAN 240, 341, 398 and all SPAN numbered between 340 and 359; and, if approved, ENGL 262, 350, 351; FREN 344; and LIT 180, 295; PORT 403
    2. Art and Humanities: ARTH 170, 271, 273, 274, 276, 375, 376, 378; HIST 130, 131, 233, 236, 336, 337, 366; SPAN 212; and, if approved, FREN 280, HIST 269, 395
    3. Social Sciences: POL 247; SOAN 234; and, if approved, ECON 255, 280, 356; POL 215, 381; SOAN 224, 272, 277, 285, 290, 291
  3. Related: 6 credits from the following or from any course not used above in 2. Distribution: BIOL 216; BUS 337; ECON 259; LACS 195, 257, 421, 422, 423; SPAN 201, 216, 270, 290, 392; and if approved, BUS 305, 335, 390; DANC 215; ECON 288; SOAN 286, SPAN 295
  4. Capstone experience (typically after completion of other program courses): LACS 396

Students must complete the Foundation and Distribution (FL) language requirement in Spanish, French or Portuguese and students are also strongly encouraged to pursue advanced coursework in one or more of the appropriate languages. Students should also take advantage of opportunities that will offer firsthand knowledge of the target culture(s) through formal study abroad, internships, or individual research. Various departments, for example, periodically offer study abroad programs in Latin America, including Costa Rica, Mexico, Ecuador and Brazil. In addition to W&L and independent study abroad opportunities, the program also facilitates internship placement information.

  1. Introduction:
    • LACS 101 - Introduction to Latin American and Caribbean Studies
      FDRHU
      Credits3
      FacultyBarnett

      A multidisciplinary, introductory course designed to familiarize students with the pertinent issues that determine or affect the concept of identity in Latin American and Caribbean societies through a study of their geography, history, politics, economics, literature, and culture. The purpose of the course is to provide a framework or overview to enhance understanding in the students' future courses in particular disciplines and specific areas of Latin American and Caribbean study.


  2. Distribution:
  3. 9 credits selected from the following, with at least one course from two of the three areas.

    • The following may count towards the total count of 9 credits:

      Additional courses may be used when the topic is relevant and the program head approves in advance.

      • LACS 195 - Special Topics in Latin American and Caribbean Studies
        FDRdesignation varies with topic, as approved in advance
        Credits3
        FacultyStaff

        A topical seminar that focuses on an interdisciplinary examination of a singular theme relevant to the overall understanding of Latin America and the Caribbean region, such as Hispanic Feminisms, the Indigenous Americas, or Shifting Borders, among others. As an introductory seminar, topics are selected with the purpose in mind to present the student with a broad, regional view within the scope of a restricted focus or medium.


      • LACS 257 - Multiculturalism in Latin America: The Case of Brazil
        FDRHL
        Credits4
        FacultyPinto-Bailey

        This seminar studies Brazil as an example of a multicultural society. Students examine the meaning of multiculturalism and related concepts of identity, heterogeneity, and Eurocentrism, not only in regard to the Brazilian context, but also, comparatively, to that of US culture. The course focuses on the social dynamics that have engaged Brazilians of different backgrounds, marked by differences of gender, ethnicity, and class, and on how multiculturalism and the ensuing conflicts have continuously shaped and reshaped individual subjectivities and national identity. Some of the key issues to be addressed in class are: Brazil's ethnic formation; myths of national identity; class and racial relations; and women in Brazilian society. Readings for the class include novels, short stories, poetry, and testimonial/diary


      • LACS 421 - Interdisciplinary Research
        Credits1
        PrerequisiteJunior or senior standing, and consent of the instructor
        FacultyBarnett

        Independent research into a topic centered within Latin America or the Caribbean, directed by two or more faculty representing at least two disciplines. Students are expected to share their work with the public through a public presentation.


      • LACS 422 - Interdisciplinary Research
        Credits2
        PrerequisiteJunior or senior standing, and consent of the instructor
        FacultyBarnett

        Independent research into a topic centered within Latin America or the Caribbean, directed by two or more faculty representing at least two disciplines. Students are expected to share their work with the public through a public presentation.


      • LACS 423 - Interdisciplinary Research
        Credits3
        PrerequisiteJunior or senior standing, and consent of the instructor
        FacultyBarnett

        Independent research into a topic centered within Latin America or the Caribbean, directed by two or more faculty representing at least two disciplines. Students are expected to share their work with the public through a public presentation.


      • Literature:
        • LACS 256 - Trans-American Identity: Images from the Americas
          FDRHL
          Credits3
          PrerequisiteCompletion of FW requirement
          FacultyBarnett

          Counts toward the literature distribution requirement for the Latin American and Caribbean Studies Program. A multi-genre survey of representative literary works from the Americas, defined as those regions that encompass Latin American and Caribbean cultures. In particular the course uses an interdisciplinary approach to show how exemplary artists from the region have crafted images to interpret and represent their American reality. Selected narrative, film, and poetic works by Spanish-American (Neruda, Garcia Marquez, Rulfo, and Carpentier), Francophone (Danticat), Lusophone (Amado), and Anglophone authors (Walcott, Brathwaite, and Naipaul), among others.


        • LIT 256 - Trans-American Identity: Images from the Americas
          FDRHL
          Credits3
          PrerequisiteCompletion of FW requirement
          FacultyBarnett

          Counts toward the literature distribution requirement for the Latin American and Caribbean Studies Program. A multi-genre survey of representative literary works from the Americas, defined as those regions that encompass Latin American and Caribbean cultures. In particular the course uses an interdisciplinary approach to show how exemplary artists from the region have crafted images to interpret and represent their American reality. Selected narrative, film, and poetic works by Spanish-American (Neruda, Garcia Marquez, Rulfo, and Carpentier), Francophone (Danticat), Lusophone (Amado), and Anglophone authors (Walcott, Brathwaite, and Naipaul), among others.


        • LIT 259 - The French Caribbean Novel
          FDRHL
          Credits3
          PrerequisiteCompletion of FW requirement
          FacultyStaff

          A stylistic and thematic study of identity acquisition through exile, marginalization, struggle, reintegration and cultural blending or any other sociologically significant phenomenon reflected in the literary works of the most important post-colonial French West Indian authors. Spawned largely by Aimé Césaire's book-length poem, Notebook of a Return to My Native Land , French Caribbean novels have proliferated since the end of World War II. After taking a brief look first at this seminal poem, the course then focuses analytically on novels written by authors such as Haitian Jacques Roumain, Guadeloupeans Simone Schwarz-Bart and Maryse Condé, and Martinicans Joseph Zobel, Raphaël Confiant, and Édouard Glissant. Several films based on, or pertaining to, Césaire's poem and to certain novels are also viewed.


        • SPAN 240 - Introducción a la literatura hispanoamericana
          FDRHL
          Credits3
          PrerequisiteSPAN 162 or 164 or equivalent
          FacultyStaff

          Spanish-American literary masterpieces from colonial times through the present. Readings and discussions are primarily in Spanish.


        • SPAN 341 - 20th-Century Mexican Literature: Beyond Revolution
          FDRHL
          Credits3
          PrerequisiteSPAN 240 and either SPAN 215 or 275
          FacultyBarnett

          This course examines the artistic reaction to the 1910 Mexican Revolution and seeks to understand its aesthetic impact on 20th-century Mexican artists from a variety of genres. Seminal works from narrative, poetry, and essay as well as the visual arts reveal how some artists promoted the ideals of the Revolution, others became disenchanted, and still others invented revolutionary styles of expression in order to convey a new cultural self-perception and worldview.


        • SPAN 398 - Spanish-American Seminar
          FDRHL
          Credits3
          Prerequisite240 and SPAN 275

          A seminar focusing on a single period, genre, motif, or writer. Recent topics have included "Spanish American Women Writers: From America into the 21st Century," "20th Century Latin America Theater," and "Past, Memory, and Identity in Contemporary Argentina's Cultural Products." May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

          Fall 2017, SPAN 398A-01: Spanish-American Seminar: Fictions of Self-Representation (3).  Prerequisites: SPAN 240 and 275. An examination of forms of self-representation through the reading of literary and non-literary works. In addition to conceptual discussions of how artists use fictionalized forms of self-portraiture in diverse Latin-American contexts, we pay special attention to issues of subjectivity, self-empowerment, authority, and reader recognition, among others. Primary texts focus mainly on the 19th and 20th centuries. (HL) Botta.


        • and all SPAN numbered between 340 and 359
        • And, if approved:
          • ENGL 262 - Literature, Race, and Ethnicity
            FDRHL
            Credits3 in fall, winter; 4 in spring
            PrerequisiteCompletion of FW requirement
            FacultyStaff

            A course that uses ethnicity, race, and culture to develop readings of literature. Politics and history play a large role in this critical approach; students should be prepared to explore their own ethnic awareness as it intersects with other, often conflicting, perspectives. Focus will vary with the professor's interests and expertise, but may include one or more literatures of the English-speaking world: Chicano and Latino, Native American, African-American, Asian-American, Caribbean, African, sub-continental (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka), and others.


          • ENGL 350 - Postcolonial Literature
            FDRHL
            Credits3
            PrerequisiteENGL 299
            FacultyKeen

            A study of the finest writers of postcolonial poetry, drama, and fiction in English. The course examines themes and techniques in a historical context, asking what "postcolonial" means to writers of countries formerly colonized by the British. Topics include colonization and decolonization; writing in the colonizer's language; questions of universality; hybridity, exile, and migrancy; the relationship of postcolonial to postmodern; Orientalism; censorship; and the role of post-imperial Britain in the publication, distribution, and consumption of postcolonial literature.


          • ENGL 351 - World Fiction in English
            FDRHL
            Credits3
            PrerequisiteENGL 299
            FacultyKeen

            Topics in narrative fiction written in English by writers from nations formerly colonized by the British. Readings include novels and short stories originally written in English. Emphasis on techniques of traditional and experimental fiction, subgenres of the novel, international influences, and historical contexts.


          • FREN 344 - La Francophonie
            FDRHL
            Credits3
            PrerequisiteThree courses at the 200 level
            FacultyStaff

            An analysis of styles, genres, and themes in relation to particular cultural contexts, as represented in literary works written in French by authors from countries other than France. Of particular interest is French language literature from Africa, the Caribbean, and Canada. May be repeated for degree credit if the topic is different.


          • LIT 180 - FS: First-Year Seminar
            Credits3
            PrerequisiteFirst-year seminar. Prerequisite: First-year standing

            First-year seminar.


          • LIT 295 - Special Topics in Literature in Translation
            FDRHL
            Credits3 credits in Fall or Winter; 4 credits in Spring
            PrerequisiteCompletion of FW requirement

            A selected topic focusing on a particular author, genre, motif or period in translation. The specific topic is determined by the interests of the individual instructor. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


          • PORT 403 - Directed Individual Study
            Credits3
            PrerequisiteTwo terms of Portuguese language or equivalent and consent of the department head. Taught in Portuguese
            FacultyStaff

            The nature and content of the course is determined by the students' needs and by an evaluation of previous work. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


      • Art and Humanities:
        • ARTH 170 - Arts of Mesoamerica and the Andes
          FDRHA
          Credits3
          FacultyLepage

          Survey of the art and architecture of Mesoamerica and the Andes before the arrival of the Europeans, with a focus on indigenous civilizations including the Olmec, Maya, Aztec, and Inca. Art is contextualized in terms of religious, social, political, and economic developments in each region under discussion. The class includes a trip to the Virginia Museum of fine Arts in Richmond.


        • ARTH 271 - Arts of Colonial Latin America
          FDRHA
          Credits3
          FacultyLepage

          A survey of the art and architecture of Latin America from the 16th through early-18th centuries, this course begins with an exploration of the art of Aztec and Inca before the arrival of Europeans. Classes then explore the cultural convergence that resulted from the conquest in the 16th century, focusing on the role of indigenous artists and traditions in the formation of early colonial culture. Later lectures consider the rise of nationalism and its effect on the arts.


        • ARTH 273 - Arts of Modern Latin America
          FDRHA
          Credits3
          FacultyLepage

          This lecture course surveys the art and architecture of Latin America from circa 1900 to the present. Students explore the relationship between the arts in Europe and Latin America, trace the development of modern art in Latin America, and consider topics such as the rise of modernismo in Latin America, art in service of nationalism, indigenismo, and the growing Chicana/o movement in the United States. Among the artists covered are Diego Rivera, Frida Kahlo, Tarsila do Amaral, Joaquin Torres-Garcia, Wilfredo Lam, Lygia Clark, and Francisco Botero.


        • ARTH 274 - Art and Revolution: Mexican Muralism
          FDRHA
          Credits4
          FacultyLepage

          This lecture course surveys public monumental art produced by Mexican artists Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco, and David Alfaro Siqueiros in Mexico and the United States from 1910 to the 1970s. These artists used art to promote the social ideals of the Mexican Revolution (1911-1920). Through this muralist movement, they attempted to build a new national consciousness by celebrating the cultural heritage of the Mexican people. Quickly, the muralists and their patrons came into conflict with one another concerning how to best achieve their utopian goal of equality for all Mexicans. This course examines the various ideologies of the Mexican muralists and considers reactions to muralism by other artists as well as the public. The class also examines the impact of muralism throughout Latin America and the United States.


        • ARTH 276 - Chicana/o Art and Muralism: From the Street to the (Staniar) Gallery
          FDRHA
          Credits4
          PrerequisiteOpen to all students
          FacultyLepage

          This class examines the process by which Chicana/o artists have garnered public attention and respect, and have taken their artworks from the peripheries of the art world to more traditional museum and gallery spaces. Using the Great Wall of Los Angeles as a connecting thread, this class considers the broad theme of identity creation and transformation as expressed by Chicana/o artists from the 1970s to the present.


        • ARTH 376 - Visual Culture in the Hispanic World, c. 1500-1700
          FDRHA
          Credits3
          FacultyLepage

          The 17th-century Golden Age was a period of unparalleled artistic achievement in the Hispanic world. This seminar investigates painting, sculpture and architecture of Spain and the Viceroyalties of New Spain and Peru from ca.1500 to the death of the last Spanish Habsburg king in 1700. Artists highlighted in this course include Titian, Juan de Herrera, El Greco, Velázquez, Guaman Poma, Miguel de Santiago, and Goya.


        • ARTH 378 - Border Art: Contemporary Chicanx and U.S. Latinx Art
          FDRHA
          Credits4
          FacultyLepage

          This seminar engages broad-ranging debates that have looked at the Mexico-US border as a fruitful site of identity formation. In this seminar, we examine artworks with an emphasis on location, critical standpoint, interrelatedness, and the geopolitics of identity. Through readings and class discussions, students investigate protest art and arts activism, and develop methods of "critical seeing" through image analysis, art historical analysis, and cultural critique. We explore how structures of creating, organizing, and explaining knowledge, discursive practices, and forms of representation have been employed to dismiss and delimit US Latinx art. We consider artworks produced by Chicanx, U.S. Latinx, and other transnational artists in a wide range of formats including printmaking, performance art, mural painting, photography, film and video, books, comics, public art projects, and an array of post-conceptual practices.


        • HIST 130 - Latin America: Mayas to Independence
          FDRHU
          Credits3
          FacultyGildner

          An introduction to the "Indian" and Iberian people active from Florida to California through Central and South America between 1450 and 1750.


        • HIST 131 - Modern Latin America: Túpak Katari to Tupac Shakur
          FDRHU
          Credits3
          FacultyGildner

          A survey of Latin America from the 1781 anticolonial rebellion led by indigenous insurgent Túpak Katari to a globalized present in which Latin American youth listen to Tupac Shakur yet know little of his namesake. Lectures are organized thematically (culture, society, economics, and politics) and chronologically, surveying the historical formation of people and nations in Latin America. Individual countries (especially Argentina, Brazil, Cuba, Mexico, and Peru) provide examples of how local and transnational forces have shaped the Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking countries of North and South America and the Caribbean, and the cultural distinctions and ethnic diversity that characterize a region too often misperceived as homogeneous.


        • HIST 233 - U.S.-Latin American Relations from 1825 to Present
          FDRHU
          Credits3
          FacultyGildner

          Examines the historical interaction between Latin America and the United States from Spanish American Independence in 1825 to the present. Explores the political, social, cultural, economic, and ecological dimensions of this relationship, focusing on such key themes as imperialism, development, military-state relations, the environment, the war on drugs, science and technology, and human rights.


        • HIST 236 - Afro-Latin America
          FDRHU
          Credits3
          FacultyGildner

          This class examines the intrinsic role that African peoples have played in the historical formation of the geographic and cultural area known as Latin America. We survey the history of African descendant people in the Americas from the forced migration of the Atlantic slave trade to the Haitian Revolution; from the sugar plantation to the city street; from Brazilian Samba in the 1920s to the emergence of salsa music in Spanish Harlem in the 1970s. Topics include slavery, the Haitian Revolution and its legacy, debates on "racial democracy", and the relationship between gender, race, and empire.


        • HIST 337 - Seminar: Revolutions in Latin America
          FDRHU
          Credits3
          PrerequisiteJunior or senior standing
          FacultyGildner

          Detailed analysis of 20th-century revolutionary movements in Latin America. Examines historical power struggles, social reforms, and major political changes, with in-depth exploration of Mexico, Bolivia, Cuba, Peru, Chile, and Nicaragua. Explores the social movements and ideologies of under-represented historical actors, such as peasants, guerrillas, artists, workers, women, students, and indigenous people.


        • HIST 366 - Seminar: Slavery in the Americas
          FDRHU
          Credits3
          PrerequisiteJunior or senior standing
          FacultyDeLaney

          An intensive examination of slavery, abolition movements and emancipation in North America, the Caribbean and Latin America. Emphasis is on the use of primary sources and class discussion of assigned readings.


        • SPAN 212 - Spanish-American Civilization and Culture
          FDRHU
          Credits3
          PrerequisiteSPAN 162, 164 or equivalent
          FacultyStaff

          A survey of significant developments in Spanish-American civilizations. The course addresses Spanish-American heritage and the present-day cultural patterns formed by its legacies. Readings, discussions and papers primarily in Spanish for further development of communication skills.


        • And, if approved:
          • FREN 280 - Civilisation et culture francophones
            FDRHU
            Credits3
            PrerequisiteFREN 162, FREN 164, or equivalent

            A study of significant aspects of culture and civilization in francophone countries. Topics may include: contemporary Africa, pre-colonial Africa, West Indian history and culture, and Canadian contemporary issues. Readings, discussion and papers in French further development of communication skills.

            Fall 2017, FREN 280-01: Civilisation et culture d'Afrique francophone (3). Prerequisites: FREN 261 or equivalent and instructor consent. This course is an introduction to modern African society and culture, with specific focus on Francophone West Africa (Senegal, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, and Mali, among others). We examine the various ways societies deal with issues of modernization and globalization in their political, cultural and socio-economic lives. We also look at the impact of significant historical events (the transatlantic slave trade, colonization, the world wars, and globalization, for example) on the African continent and its inhabitants. Course materials include anthropological, sociological, and historical documents, literary texts, and films. (HU) Kamara.


          • HIST 269 - Topics in United States, Latin American or Canadian History
            FDRHU
            Credits3 in fall or winter; 4 in spring

            A course offered from time to time, depending on student interest and staff availability, on a selected topic or problem in United States, Latin American or Canadian history. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


          • HIST 395 - Advanced Seminar
            FDRHU
            Credits3
            PrerequisiteJunior or senior standing, or 15 credits in history, or consent of the instructor. Prerequisites may vary by topic

            A seminar offered from time to time depending on student interest and staff availability, in a selected topic or problem in history. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

            Fall 2017, HIST 395A-01: Darwin and his Critics: the History of Evolutionary Biology (3). HIST 295A is for all class years and all majors. HIST 395A is for history majors, with additional required writing and research. The theory of organic evolution is widely considered one of the greatest discoveries of modern science, impacting science and society alike. By and large, the theory has been identified with Darwin and his famous On the Origin of Species. Yet, to what extent is Darwinian theory a cultural construct rather than a factual discovery? In opposition to orthodox Darwinians, such as Ernst Mayr and Richard Dawkins, there have been many critics, ranging from intelligent design advocates in the Anglo-American world to structuralist evolutionary thinkers in the Germanic world, the latter often allied to liberal Christianity. (HU) Rupke.

            Fall 2017, HIST 395B-01: Science, the Paranormal and the Supernatural (3). HIST 295B is for all class years and all majors. HIST 395B is for history majors, with additional required writing and research. This course explores the fascinating history of the uneasy relationship between science and its contested boundaries where fact and fiction overlap. In modern - especially late-modern - times, science has become the adjudicator of truth - truth in terms of fact and law-like rationality. The result has been a retreat of the occult, of many superstitions, and the uncovering of fallacies and frauds. Yet large sectors of modern society have remained enamored of the paranormal. Even scientific practitioners themselves, including Nobel Laureates, have kept alive a belief in telepathy, precognition and such-like phenomena. Equally persistent, especially in religious circles, has been the conviction that miracles do happen; and, again, great scientists and medical practitioners have supported these and similar notions. More recently, the study of "wonders" has emerged as a separate field of inquiry: anomalistics.  (HU) Rupke.


      • Social Sciences:
        • POL 247 - Latin American Politics
          FDRSS2
          Credits3
          FacultyDickovick

          This course focuses on Latin American politics during the 20th and 21st centuries. Major topics include: democracy and authoritarianism; representation and power; populism, corporatism, socialism, and communism; and questions of poverty, inequality, and economic growth. The course places particular emphasis on the Cuban and Mexican Revolutions, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Guatemala, and Peru. In addition, the course examines political and economic relations between the United States and Latin America.


        • SOAN 234 - Nations and Nationalism
          FDRSS4
          Credits3
          FacultyEastwood

          This course examines the rise and global spread of national identity over the last five centuries by considering cases from Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas and using these to test major theories of nationalism from history and the social sciences. Major questions considered include the following: What, if any, are the empirically identifiable relationships between national identity and other major dimensions of "modernization," such as the rise of the modern state and industrial capitalism? Is nationalism a cause, consequence, or victim of "globalization"? Can we construct a theory of the spread of national identity that not only makes sense of macro-level patterns but also articulates clear "microfoundations" and identifiable causal mechanisms?


        • And, if approved:
          • ECON 255 - Environmental and Natural Resource Economics
            Credits3
            PrerequisiteECON 101. Economics and environmental studies majors/minors will have priority during the initial registration. Other majors are encouraged to add to the waiting list after registration re-opens for all class years
            FacultyCasey, Kahn

            The course serves as an introduction to environmental and natural resource economics. Economic principles are used to evaluate public and private decision making involving the management and use of environmental and natural resources. Aspects pertaining to fisheries, forests, species diversity, agriculture, and various policies to reduce air, water and toxic pollution will be discussed. Lectures, reading assignments, discussions and exams will emphasize the use of microeconomic analysis for managing and dealing with environmental and natural resource problems and issues.


          • ECON 280 - Development Economics
            Credits3
            PrerequisiteECON 101 and 102. Preference to ECON majors during the first round of registration. Other majors are encouraged to add to the waiting list after registration re-opens for all class years
            FacultyCasey, Blunch

            A survey of the major issues of development economics. Economic structure of low-income countries and primary causes for their limited economic growth. Economic goals and policy alternatives. Role of developed countries in the development of poor countries. Selected case studies.


          • ECON 356 - Economics of the Environment in Developing Countries
            Credits3
            PrerequisiteECON 203 and either ECON 255 or 280, or obtain instructor consent. Preference to ECON or ENV majors during the first round of registration. Other majors are encouraged to add to the waiting list after registration re-opens for all class years
            FacultyKahn, Casey

            This course focuses on the unique characteristics of the relationship between the environment and the economy in developing nations. Differences in economic structure, political structure, culture, social organization and ecosystem dynamics are emphasized as alternative policies for environmental and resource management are analyzed.


          • POL 215 - International Development
            FDRSS2
            Credits3
            FacultyDickovick

            A study of international development and human capability, with a focus on Africa, Asia, and Latin America. The course analyzes theories to explain development successes and failures, with a focus on the structures, institutions, and actors that shape human societies and social change. Key questions include measuring economic growth and poverty, discussing the roles of states and markets in development, and examining the role of industrialized countries in reducing global poverty. The course explores links between politics and other social sciences and humanities.


          • POL 381 - Seminar in International Political Economy
            FDRSS2
            Credits3
            PrerequisiteECON 102 or POL 105, or instructor consent. Meets the global politics field requirement in the politics major
            FacultyDickovick

            This course provides an intermediate-level introduction to the major actors, questions, and theories in the field of international political economy (IPE). Course participants discuss political and economic interactions in the areas of international trade, fiscal and monetary policy, and exchange rates; discuss globalization in historical and contemporary perspectives; and examine the international politics of the major intergovernmental organizations, multinational corporations, states, and other institutional actors in the global economy.


          • SOAN 224 - American Indian Religions, Landscapes, and Identities
            FDRHU
            Credits3
            FacultyMarkowitz

            Drawing on a combination of scholarly essays, native accounts, videos, guest lectures, and student presentations, this seminar examines the religious assumptions and practices that bind American Indian communities to their traditional homelands. The seminar elucidates and illustrates those principles concerning human environmental interactions common to most Indian tribes; focuses on the traditional beliefs and practices of a particular Indian community that reflected and reinforced the community's understanding of the relationship to be maintained with the land and its creatures; and examines the moral and legal disputes that have arisen out of the very different presuppositions which Indians and non-Indians hold regarding the environment.


          • SOAN 272 - Social Revolutions
            FDRSS4
            Credits3
            PrerequisiteSOAN 101, 102, or instructor consent
            FacultyEastwood

            This seminar provides an in depth exploration of a variety of social revolutions. The overarching goal of the course is to discern whether or not a single "theory of revolutions" can be constructed. Are there common patterns to be observed in (and common causes behind) events as separated by time, place, and ideology as the 17th-century "Glorious Revolution" in England, the French Revolution, Latin American revolutions (including the Wars of Independence and the Mexican Revolution), the Russian Revolution, and more recent events such as the revolution that brought the current regime in Iran to power? To this end, students read and discuss a variety of such theories that have been put forward by sociologists, historians, and political scientists and then consider case studies of the aforementioned social revolutions in order to scrutinize these theories.


          • SOAN 277 - Seminar in Medical Anthropology
            FDRSS4
            Credits3
            FacultyMarkowitz

            Despite radical differences in theory and procedure, the diagnosis and treatment of diseases are human cultural universals. This seminar first examines the beliefs and practices that comprise the medical systems found among a wide variety of non-western peoples. We then investigates the responses of a number of non-western communities to the introduction of western, biomedical practices. We finish by considering such ethical issues as whether or not non-western peoples who supply western doctors and pharmacologists with knowledge of curing agents should be accorded intellectual property rights over this information; in what situations, if any, should western medical personnel impose biomedical treatments on populations; and should anthropologists make use of indigenous peoples as medical trial subjects as was allegedly done by Napoleon Chagnon.


          • SOAN 285 - Introduction to American Indian Religions
            FDRHU
            Credits3
            FacultyMarkowitz

            This class introduces students to some of the dominant themes, values, beliefs, and practices found among the religions of North America's Indian peoples. The first part of the course explores the importance of sacred power, landscape, and community in traditional Indian spiritualities and rituals. It then examines some of the changes that have occurred in these traditions as a result of western expansion and dominance from the 18th through early 20th centuries. Lastly, the course considers some of the issues and problems confronting contemporary American Indian religions.


          • SOAN 290 - Special Topics in Sociology
            Credits3 in Fall or Winter, 4 in Spring

            A discussion of a series of topics of sociological concern. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

            Spring 2017, SOAN 290-01: Health and Inequality: An Introduction to Medical Sociology (4). No prerequisite, but SOAN 102 is recommended. An introduction to sociological perspectives of health and illness, with an underlying premise that social factors, not just biological ones, influence health outcomes. We examine diverse topics such as the social organization of medicine, inequalities in health, and health care reform. In each topic, we always consider health, medicine/medical care, and illness as social phenomena. We focus on how the structure of our everyday environments can affect our health-both through macro-level institutions, such as how we shape our health care system impacts the delivery of care, to micro-level interactions, such as how doctor-patient interactions may vary with socioeconomic status, gender, race/ethnicity, and nationality. In doing so, we consider the social organization of health, illness and medicine that go beyond differential access to medical care. Some of the questions we address include: How is the medical profession changing? What are the pros and cons of market-driven medicine? Does class have an enduring impact on health outcomes? Is it true that we are what our friends eat? Can unconscious racial biases affect the quality of care for people of different ethnicities? Chin.

            Fall 2017, SOAN 290A-01: Adolescence Under the Microscope (3). In this seminar, students and faculty participate collaboratively to learn about adolescence through the lenses of psychology, sociology, and anthropology. Insights from these disciplines are employed to explicate the adolescent experience in the United States in contrast to other societies. As part of this analysis, we focus on the impact of the extended period of adolescence in our society, currently known as "emerging adulthood." Questions addressed include: In what ways is individual identity dependent on a specific society? Why is identity in adolescence more or less ambivalent and ambiguous in different societies? What impact do these differences have on self-confidence, the willingness to venture beyond the comfort zone of the predictable self, and on internal and external conflicts regarding a sense of self as a child versus an adult (e.g., girl-woman, boy-man)? The adolescent period of development is explored in detail primarily through gender, parent/adolescent, and peer relations. D. Novack and L. Novack.


          • SOAN 291 - Special Topics in Anthropology
            Credits3

            A discussion of a series of topics of anthropological concern. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

            Spring 2017, SOAN 291-02: Domains of The Dead: Anthropologies of Cemeteries (4). This course teaches students how to think anthropologically about cemeteries, querying them in theory-grounded, systematic, testable ways for information about past and current people's social relations, cultural dispositions, values, beliefs, and aspirations. Assigned readings expose students to key theoretical texts from the anthropology of death and mourning as well as to historical surveys of cemeteries as they vary throughout the United States. Of special interest in the course is the recently documented proliferation of idiosyncratic forms of commemoration diverging considerably from previous centuries of more somber practice. Examples of this florescence and of its more restrained predecessors abound in the Valley of Virginia, and students investigate first-hand a range of cemeteries in Rockbridge, Augusta, and Rockingham Counties. Students record decorative motifs and epitaphs on gravestones as well as objects left on gravesites and work to read them as evidence of cultural expression and change. (SS4) Bell.


  4. Related:
  5.  6 credits from the following or from any course not used above in 2. Distribution:

    • BIOL 216 - Tropical Ecology
      Credits4
      PrerequisiteBIOL 111 and 113, instructor consent, and approval of the International Education Committee
      FacultyStaff

      Course participants visit sites of biological interest in the neotropics. The specific sites vary from year to year, but may include rain forest, high altitude forest, and/or the Galapagos Islands. Students gain firsthand experience with plant and animal communities that have distinctive scientific and historical importance, while learning about ecological and evolutionary processes responsible for patterns of biological diversity in the tropics. Laboratory course.


    • BUS 337 - Economic Globalization and Multinational Corporations
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteAt least junior standing. Preference to BSADM or JMCB majors during first round of registration
      FacultyReiter

      This course focuses on the historical and present effects and issues of economic globalization, and the role of multinational corporations in a global economy. Topics covered may include: production, supply chain, technology, trade, finance, natural environment, labor, development, poverty and inequality, privatization of utilities, immigration, and state sovereignty. Emphasis is on understanding the costs and benefits of economic globalization and the role business plays in contributing to these outcomes.


    • ECON 259 - Supervised Study Abroad: The Environment and Economic Development in Amazonas
      Credits4
      PrerequisiteECON 101 or ENV 110 and instructor consent
      FacultyKahn

      Spring Term Abroad course. Amazonas is a huge Brazilian state of 1.5 million sq. kilometers which retains 94 percent of its original forest cover. This course examines the importance of the forest for economic development in both the formal and informal sectors of the economy, and how policies can be develop to promote both environmental protection and an increase in the quality life in both the urban and rural areas of Amazonas. The learning objectives of this course integrate those of the economics and environmental studies majors. Students are asked to use economic tools in an interdisciplinary context to understand the relationships among economic behavior, ecosystems and policy choices. Writing assignments focus on these relationships and look towards the development of executive summary writing skills.


    • LACS 195 - Special Topics in Latin American and Caribbean Studies
      FDRdesignation varies with topic, as approved in advance
      Credits3
      FacultyStaff

      A topical seminar that focuses on an interdisciplinary examination of a singular theme relevant to the overall understanding of Latin America and the Caribbean region, such as Hispanic Feminisms, the Indigenous Americas, or Shifting Borders, among others. As an introductory seminar, topics are selected with the purpose in mind to present the student with a broad, regional view within the scope of a restricted focus or medium.


    • LACS 257 - Multiculturalism in Latin America: The Case of Brazil
      FDRHL
      Credits4
      FacultyPinto-Bailey

      This seminar studies Brazil as an example of a multicultural society. Students examine the meaning of multiculturalism and related concepts of identity, heterogeneity, and Eurocentrism, not only in regard to the Brazilian context, but also, comparatively, to that of US culture. The course focuses on the social dynamics that have engaged Brazilians of different backgrounds, marked by differences of gender, ethnicity, and class, and on how multiculturalism and the ensuing conflicts have continuously shaped and reshaped individual subjectivities and national identity. Some of the key issues to be addressed in class are: Brazil's ethnic formation; myths of national identity; class and racial relations; and women in Brazilian society. Readings for the class include novels, short stories, poetry, and testimonial/diary


    • LACS 421 - Interdisciplinary Research
      Credits1
      PrerequisiteJunior or senior standing, and consent of the instructor
      FacultyBarnett

      Independent research into a topic centered within Latin America or the Caribbean, directed by two or more faculty representing at least two disciplines. Students are expected to share their work with the public through a public presentation.


    • LACS 422 - Interdisciplinary Research
      Credits2
      PrerequisiteJunior or senior standing, and consent of the instructor
      FacultyBarnett

      Independent research into a topic centered within Latin America or the Caribbean, directed by two or more faculty representing at least two disciplines. Students are expected to share their work with the public through a public presentation.


    • LACS 423 - Interdisciplinary Research
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteJunior or senior standing, and consent of the instructor
      FacultyBarnett

      Independent research into a topic centered within Latin America or the Caribbean, directed by two or more faculty representing at least two disciplines. Students are expected to share their work with the public through a public presentation.


    • SPAN 201 - Supervised Study Abroad: Costa Rica
      Credits4
      PrerequisiteSPAN 162, 164, or equivalent and instructor consent
      FacultyStaff

      Spring Term Abroad course. Direct exposure to the language, people, and culture of Costa Rica. Designed to improve grammar and vocabulary of the advanced student through intensive training in Spanish with special emphasis on oral proficiency. The program also includes a home-stay with a Costa Rican family, excursions to local and national sites of interest, cultural activities, and a service-learning component at the local elementary school, hospital, law and accounting firms, or other community agencies.


    • SPAN 216 - Living on the Edge: Identities in Motion in Argentina and Uruguay
      Credits4
      PrerequisiteSPAN 162 or 164 and instructor consent
      FacultyMichelson

      Conducted in Spanish in Argentina and Uruguay, this course comprises a study of Argentine culture, language, and identity. Students live in Buenos Aires with Spanish-speaking families while pursuing coursework on identity in local, national, and international contexts. What does geography have to do with identity? How might a nation redefine its policies and peoples over time? Where does the line exist between an economic system and its individual constituents? And what insights can art offer into domestic and international conflict? This course engages such questions through the study of Argentine historiography, literature, economics, and art. Coursework is accentuated by visits to sites of cultural importance in Argentina and Uruguay, including museums, banks, literary presses, political centers, meat markets, parks, and tango houses.


    • SPAN 270 - The Contemporary Latin American Press: Journalistic Writing & Analysis
      FDRHU
      Credits4
      PrerequisiteThree credits from any 200 level Spanish course or instructor consent
      FacultyStaff

      The public space in Latin America is a complex site where ideological negotiations and social changes constantly take place. Researchers and journalists have compared the archives of the press produced by different countries to grasp the most recent dynamics in the region. Thanks to the simultaneity and globalization provided by the Internet, people can capture the pulse of the planet from home and in real time. This phenomenon can be described as the institutionalization of the global village. This course aims to take advantage of the epistemologies of global communication created by new technologies in order to feel the pulse of Latin America as portrayed by the local press. This is an advanced course in composition in which students improve their writing skills and acquire tools to understand contemporary Latin American politics, economy. and society.


    • SPAN 290 - Topics in Latin American Culture and Literature
      Credits4
      PrerequisiteMay vary with topic

      This course offers students the opportunity to further their knowledge of the culture and literature of a specific Latin American country, and their awareness of Latin America in general, through the study of special cultural and literary topics. Readings, discussions, and assignments occur primarily in Spanish. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


    • SPAN 392 - Spanish Language Theory and Practice
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteSPAN 275 and three credits at the 200 level

      A topics course that approaches language study through theories of language use and meaning, as well as their practical application through extensive writing exercises. Topics may include translation theory, analysis of theoretical approaches to language study, and advanced grammar. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


    • And, if approved:
      • BUS 305 - Seminar in International Business
        Credits3 credits in fall and winter, 4 in spring
        PrerequisitePreference to BSADM or JMCB majors during the first round of registration

        Offered from time to time when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        Fall 2017, BUS 305A-01: Seminar in International Business (3). The broad context of this seminar is the rapid acceleration of international trade over the past two decades. Students examine the economic, political, and cultural issues that challenge our own business assumptions, with a focus on the perspective of a manager in the international business arena. Students compare issues across countries, and examine specific companies and locations, specifically evaluating theories, concepts, and cutting-edge developments in the field of international business in order to understand, diagnose, and solve problems. Pirkle.

        Fall 2017, BUS 305A-02: Seminar in International Business (3). The broad context of this seminar is the rapid acceleration of international trade over the past two decades. Students examine the economic, political, and cultural issues that challenge our own business assumptions, with a focus on the perspective of a manager in the international business arena. Students compare issues across countries, and examine specific companies and locations, specifically evaluating theories, concepts, and cutting-edge developments in the field of international business in order to understand, diagnose, and solve problems. Pirkle.


      • BUS 335 - Ethics of Globalization
        Credits3
        PrerequisiteAt least junior standing.
        FacultyReiter and Smith

        This seminar examines a number of ethical issues raised by the phenomenon of globalization. Though globalization is not new, recent business, technological, and policy developments have made the world more integrated and interdependent than ever before. Increasing economic, cultural, and political interconnections have created a host of new questions about how to conceive of the moral rights and responsibilities of individuals, multi-national corporations, nation-states, and global institutions within this new global framework. This course identifies and clarifies some of these questions, and considers how they have been addressed from a variety of different disciplinary perspectives. Questions concerning the ethics of globalization are approached through an analysis of a few specific topics, such as immigration, humanitarian intervention, and global poverty and inequality. Because the issues raised by the phenomenon of globalization cross disciplinary boundaries, readings are drawn from a wide variety of fields, including philosophy, business, economics, political science, and anthropology.


      • BUS 390 - Supervised Study Abroad
        Credits4
        PrerequisiteInstructor consent, other prerequisites as specified by the instructor, and approval of the International Education Committee

        These upper-level courses cover topics of current interest in business administration for which international travel provides a unique opportunity for enhancing understanding. Emphasis changes from year to year and is announced well in advance of registration.


      • DANC 215 - World Dance Technique
        FDRHA
        Credits2
        FacultyStaff

        This dance class reflects the world dance form that is the specialty of the dance artist-in-residence. The basic dance techniques of that specific form are taught and movement is tied to the historical narrative of the country.


      • ECON 288 - Supervised Study Abroad
        Credits4
        PrerequisiteECON 101 and 102, instructor consent, and other prerequisites as specified by the instructor(s)

        For advanced students, the course covers a topic of current interest for which foreign travel provides a unique opportunity for significantly greater understanding. Emphasis and location changes from year to year and is announced each year, well in advance of registration. Likely destinations are Europe, Latin America, Africa, or Asia. This course may not be repeated.


      • SOAN 286 - Land in American Indian Culture, Religion, and History
        Credits4
        FacultyMarkowitz

        This class focuses on the religious, cultural, and historical dimensions of a selected American Indian nation and ties to its lands as they found expression in the beliefs and practices of its pre- and post-reservation communities. The specific themes that the seminar will address are: 1) Lands, Culture, and Cosmology; 2) Lands, Subsistence, and Ceremony; and 3) Land in the Nation's History; and 4) Sacred Landscape and Contestation.  The course may cover the Lakota Sioux, Cherokee, or other Indian nation. Topic for 2014:


      • SPAN 295 - Special Topics in Conversation
        Credits4
        PrerequisiteThree credits from any 200-level Spanish course or instructor consent

        Further development of listening and speaking skills necessary for advanced discussion. Acquisition of both practical and topic-specific vocabulary. Appropriate writing and reading assignments, related to the topic, accompany the primary emphasis on conversational skills. Recent topics include: Hispanic Cinema and La Prensa. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


  6. Capstone experience (typically after completion of other program courses):
    • LACS 396 - Capstone Seminar in Latin American and Caribbean Studies
      Credits3
      PrerequisiteDeclaration and completion of all other minor requirements or instructor consent
      FacultyStaff

      This capstone course builds upon the foundations developed in LACS 101 and related coursework in the distribution areas. Students discuss assigned readings centered around a key theme or themes of Latin American Studies in connection with an individualized research project. This project is carried out with continual mentoring by a faculty member and in collaboration with peer feedback. Each student presents his/her findings in a formal paper, or other approved end-product, and summarizes the results in an oral presentation.