Women's and Gender Studies Minor Requirements

2015 - 2016 Catalog

Women's and Gender Studies minor

A minor in women's and gender studies requires completion of 21 credits. In meeting the requirements of this interdisciplinary minor, a student may not use more than nine credits that are also used to meet the requirements of any other major or minor.

  1. Introduction: WGS 120, completed by the end of the sophomore year
  2. Distribution: 15 credits selected from the following, with at least one course from each of the two areas. Additional courses may be used when the topic is relevant and the Women's and Gender Studies Committee approves.
    1. Social and Natural Sciences: BIOL 255; POL 251 (SOAN 251), 255; PSYC 215, 262, 269; SOAN 251 (POL 251), 275, 280, and WGS 296; and when appropriate, ECON 295, POL 292, SOAN 291
    2. Humanities and other disciplines: ENGL 261, 312, 313, 320, 358, 359; HIST 206, 228, 257, 258, 285, 378, 379; PHIL 235, 242, 244, 246, 254; REL 132, 215, 284; SPAN 323; THTR 250; WGS 180, 295; and, when appropriate, ENGL 250, 293, 299, 380; FREN 331, 397; LATN 326; LIT 220, 295; REL 295; SPAN 397, and 398
  3. Capstone experience (after the completion of all other requirements): WGS 396 or another relevant individual study, senior thesis, or honors thesis in the student's major approved by the program committee.
  1. Introduction:
    • WGS 120 - Introduction to Women's and Gender Studies and Feminist Theory

      FDR: HU
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter


      This course introduces students to the fields of feminist theory and women's and gender studies by focusing on key theoretical concepts and surveying a range of topics that have been central to the academic study of women and gender. Such topics are likely to include the family as a social institution, gender in the workplace, beauty norms, violence against women, the history of feminist activism, and/or women's achievements in traditionally male-dominated fields such as sports, art, science, or literature. Students learn to approach such topics using gender as an analytical tool that intersects in complex ways with other categories of social power, such as race, class, and sexuality. The course is interdisciplinary in approach and presents a plurality of feminist perspectives in order to offer a rich understanding of the development of feminist thought over the past several decades. Course assignments encourage students to use such thought to analyze their other academic pursuits, as well as the non-academic environments in which they live, including thinking critically about their own experiences as women and men in contemporary society.

    • completed by the end of the sophomore year
  2. Distribution:
  3. 15 credits selected from the following, with at least one course from each of the two areas. Additional courses may be used when the topic is relevant and the Women’s and Gender Studies Committee approves.

    • Social and Natural Sciences:
      • BIOL 255 - Reproductive Physiology

        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall


        Prerequisites: BIOL 111 and 113.

        An examination of sex as a biological phenomenon with consideration of the genetic (chromosomal), embryological, endocrine, and neurological bases of sexual development, differentiation, and identity.

      • POL 251 - Social Movements (SOAN 251)

        FDR: SS4
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter


        Prerequisites: POL 100, 105 or 111 or instructor consent.

        A survey of American social movements, including an evaluation of competing theoretical approaches to the study of social movements and an examination of the strategies, successes, failures, and political and social consequences of the civil rights, labor, student, and women's movements. Close attention is given to factors contributing to the rise and decline of these

      • POL 255 - Gender and Politics

        FDR: SS2
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter


        Prerequisite: POL 100, 105 or 111 or instructor consent.

        This course investigates the gendered terms under which women and men participate in political life. Attention is given to the causes of men's and women's different patterns of participation in politics, to processes that are likely to decrease the inequalities between men's and women's political power, and the processes by which society's gender expectations shape electoral and institutional politics. The different effects of gender on the practice of politics in different nations are compared, with a special emphasis placed on advanced industrial democracies.

      • PSYC 215 - Seminar in Evolutionary Psychology

        FDR: SS3
        Credits: 4
        Planned Offering: Spring 2015 and alternate years


        Prerequisite: PSYC 111, 112, 113, or 114.

        The purpose of this course is to examine evolutionary theory as a means of explaining human behavior. The main premise is that behaviors such as cooperation, aggression, mate selection, and intelligence exist because individuals exhibiting these behaviors were more likely to produce healthy offspring that perpetuated those behaviors (i.e., natural selection). We evaluate the validity of this argument in a number of areas of human behavior and also discuss how culture has shaped our genes. Evolutionary psychology is not an area of psychology, like social psychology or cognitive psychology, but is instead a lens through which all human behavior can be explained. Though it is tempting to engage in "arm chair" application of evolutionary theory to behavior, this is a science course; all arguments must be backed up with data.

      • PSYC 262 - Gender-Role Development

        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall


        Prerequisites: PSYC 113, PSYC 250 or WGS 120.

        This course provides the student with an overview of gender-role development: How do children learn to be boys and girls? What role do biological factors play in different behaviors of boys and girls? Does society push boys and girls in different directions? We discuss children's evolving ideas about gender, and what can be done to change these ideas (or whether they need to be changed at all). Through the examination of these questions and issues, the course introduces students to the major theories of gender-role development, the research methods used to measure children's gender-role behaviors and attitudes, and the current research in the field.

      • PSYC 269 - Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Discrimination

        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall


        Prerequisites: PSYC 114 and PSYC 250 (as co-req or pre-req) or instructor consent.

        This course examines cognitive and affective processes involved in stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination. Causes and social implications of prejudice involving various stigmatized groups (e.g., African-Americans, women, homosexuals, people of low socioeconomic status, overweight individuals) are examined. Participants focus on attitudes and behaviors of both perpetrators and targets of prejudice that likely contribute to and result from social inequality.

      • SOAN 251 - Social Movements (POL 251)

        FDR: SS4
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter


        Prerequisites: POL 100, 105 or 111 or instructor consent.

        A survey of American social movements, including an evaluation of competing theoretical approaches to the study of social movements and an examination of the strategies, successes, failures, and political and social consequences of the civil rights, labor, student, and women's movements. Close attention is given to factors contributing to the rise and decline of these movements.

      • SOAN 275 - Feminist Anthropology

        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2016 and alternate years


        This course covers the complex and sometimes "awkward" relationship between feminism and anthropology. We explore topics such as the place of feminist theory and politics within the discipline of anthropology, the problems involved in being a feminist and an anthropologist, and the creation of feminist ethnography.

      • SOAN 280 - Gender and Sexuality

        FDR: SS4
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter


        An anthropological and sociological investigation of sex roles in preliterate and modern societies. Special consideration is given to the role of innate sexual differences, cultural variation, technology, and power in determining patterns of male dominance. Emphasis is placed on real and mythical female and male power in the context of changing relationships between men and women in American society.

      • WGS 296 - Social Science Topics in Women's and Gender Studies

        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and faculty resources permit


        Prerequisite: Depending on the topic, WGS 120 or instructor consent.

        A topical seminar that focuses on an interdisciplinary examination of a singular theme and/or geographic region relevant to the overall understanding of Women's and Gender Studies, such as Men and Masculinities. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

      • and when appropriate,
      • ECON 295 - Special Topics in Economics

        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit


        Prerequisites: Normally ECON 101 and 102 but may vary with topic.

        Course emphasis and prerequisites change from term to term and are announced prior to preregistration. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different. A maximum of nine credits chosen from all special topics in economics courses may be used, with permission of the department head, toward requirements for the economics major.

        Fall 2015, ECON 295A-01: Women in the Economy (3). This course explores how economic theory and analysis can be applied to examine the multiple roles that women play in our society. In particular, we examine linkages and changes in women's human capital, marriage, fertility, family structure, and occupation and labor supply decisions in the post-World War II era, and investigate the magnitude and causes of the gender wage gap. Students assess how much of the gender wage gap can be explained by education and occupational choice, and how much appears to be due to discrimination. We also learn about (and try to explain) the differences in the gender wage gap for women with and without children, and explore how the legalization of the birth control pill has influenced the marriage, fertility, family structure, educational, and occupational decisions of women. Shester. Fall 2015

         

      • POL 292 - Topics in Politics and Film

        FDR: SS2
        Credits: 4
        Planned Offering: Spring


        Prerequisites: Vary by offering. Open to non-majors and majors of all class years.

        This course examines how film and television present political issues and themes. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

      • SOAN 291 - Special Topics in Anthropology

        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit


        A discussion of a series of topics of anthropological concern. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        Fall 2015 topic:

        2015 Fall SOAN 291-01: Seminar in American Indian Ethnohistory (3). No prerequisite. One of the major goals of modern ethnohistory is to use historical and anthropological methods to uncover the understandings that non-western peoples have of their own histories. This seminar introduces students to the theoretical and methodological principles of ethnohistorical research and their application to North American Indian peoples. Students first study American Indian conceptions of time and their relationship to the criteria by which tribal communities selected and comprehended the events comprising their histories. We then examine how Indian tribes from different parts of North America, including the Southwest, Northeast, Southeast, and Plains interpreted, evaluated, and responded to their encounters with colonial and the United States governments. Markowitz.

    • Humanities and other disciplines:
      • ENGL 261 - Reading Gender

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall


        Prerequisite: Completion of FW requirement.

        A course on using gender as a tool of literary analysis. We study the ways ideas about masculinity and femininity inform and are informed by poetry, short stories, novels, plays, films, and/or pop culture productions. Also includes readings in feminist theory about literary interpretation and about the ways gender intersects with other social categories, including race, ethnicity, sexuality, and class. Historical focus will vary according to professor's areas of interest and expertise. We study novels, poems, stories, and films that engage with what might be considered some major modern myths of gender: popular fairy tales. We focus at length upon the Cinderella and Red Riding Hood stories but also consider versions of several additional tales, always with the goal of analyzing the particular ideas about women and men, girls and boys, femininity and masculinity that both underlie and are produced by specific iterations of these familiar stories.

      • ENGL 312 - Gender, Love, and Marriage in the Middle Ages

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2016


        Prerequisites: ENGL 299.

        A study of the complex nexus of gender, love, and marriage in medieval legal, theological, political, and cultural discourses. Reading an eclectic range of texts--such as romance, hagiography, fabliau, (auto)biography, conduct literature, and drama--we consider questions of desire, masculinity, femininity, and agency, as well as the production and maintenance of gender roles and of emotional bonds within medieval conjugality. Authors include Chaucer, Chretien de Troyes, Heldris of Cornwall, Andreas Cappellanus, Margery Kempe, and Christine de Pisan. Readings in Middle English or in translation. No prior knowledge of medieval languages necessary.

      • ENGL 313 - Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2017 and alternate years


        Prerequisites: ENGL 299.

        This course considers the primary work on which Chaucer's reputation rests: The Canterbury Tales. We pay sustained attention to Chaucer's Middle English at the beginning of the semester to ease the reading process. Then we travel alongside the Canterbury pilgrims as they tell their tales under the guise of a friendly competition. The Canterbury Tales is frequently read as a commentary on the social divisions in late medieval England, such as the traditional estates, religious professionals and laity, and gender hierarchies. But despite the Tales' professed inclusiveness of the whole of English society, Chaucer nonetheless focuses inordinately on those individuals from the emerging middle classes. Our aim is to approach the Tales from the practices of historicization and theorization; that is, we both examine Chaucer's cultural and historical contexts and consider issues of religion, gender, sexuality, marriage, conduct, class, chivalry, courtly love, community, geography, history, power, spirituality, secularism, traditional authority, and individual experience. Of particular importance are questions of voicing and writing, authorship and readership. Lastly, we think through Chaucer's famous Retraction at the "end" of The Canterbury Tales, as well as Donald R. Howard's trenchant observation that the Tale is "unfinished but complete." What does it mean for the father of literary "Englishness" to end his life's work on the poetic principle of unfulfilled closure and on the image of a society on the move?

      • ENGL 320 - Shakespearean Genres

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall 2015 and alternate years


        Prerequisites: ENGL 299.

        In a given term, this course focuses on one or two of the major genres explored by Shakespeare (e.g., histories, tragedies, comedies, tragicomedies/romances, lyric and narrative poetry), in light of Renaissance literary conventions and recent theoretical approaches. Students consider the ways in which Shakespeare's generic experiments are variably inflected by gender, by political considerations, by habitat, and by history.

      • ENGL 358 - Literature of Gender and Sexuality Before 1900

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter


        Prerequisite: ENGL 299.

        A study of poetry, narrative, and/or drama written in English before 1900. Texts, topics, and historical emphasis may vary, but the course addresses the relation of gender and sexuality to literature.

      • ENGL 359 - Literature by Women of Color

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2016


        Prerequisite: ENGL 299.

        This course focuses on the intersection of race and gender as they meet in the lives and identities of contemporary women of color via literature: African-Americans, Native Americans, Chicanas, Asian-Americans, and mixed bloods, or 'mestizas.' Our readings, discussions and writings focus on the work that "coming to voice" does for women of color, and for our larger society and world. Students read a variety of poetry, fiction, and autobiography in order to explore some of the issues most important to and about women of color: identity, histories, diversity, resistance and celebration. Literary analyses-i.e., close readings, explications and interpretations-are key strategies for understanding these readings.

      • HIST 206 - Women and Gender in Modern Europe

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3


        This course investigates the history of Europe from the late 18th century to the present day through the lens of women's lives, gender roles, and changing notions of sexuality. We examine how historical events and movements (industrialization, the world wars, etc.) had an impact on women, we look at how ideas about gender shaped historical phenomena, such as imperialism and totalitarianism. We also consider the rise of new ideas about sexuality and the challenge of feminism.

      • HIST 228 - Women in Russian History

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter


        Students read many accounts by and about Russian women to gain an understanding of how Russian women have been affected by wars, revolutions, and other major events and, simultaneously, how they have been agents of change from the beginnings Russian history up to the present.

      • HIST 257 - History of Women in America, 1609-1870

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall 2015 and alternate years


        An examination of women's social, political, cultural and economic positions in America through the immediate post-Civil War. Changes in women's education, legal status, position in the family, and participation in the work force with emphasis on the diversity of women's experience, especially the manner in which class and race influenced women's lives. The growth of organized women's rights.

      • HIST 258 - History of Women in America, 1870 to the Present

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall 2016 and alternate years


        A survey of some of the major topics and themes in American women's lives from the mid-19th century to the present, including domestic and family roles, economic contributions, reproductive experience, education, suffrage, and the emergence of the contemporary feminist movement. The influence on women's roles, behavior, and consciousness by the social and economic changes accompanying industrialization and urbanization and by variations in women's experience caused by differences in race, class, and region.

      • HIST 285 - Seminar: The Yin and Yang of Gender in Late Imperial China (10th-19th centuries)

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3


        Relations between men and women are the basis of any human society, but the exact nature and interpretation of these relations differ from time to time and from place to place. The concepts of Yin (female) and Yang (male) were integral to the theory and practice of Chinese gender relations during the late imperial period, influencing marriage, medicine and law. This course examines the historical significance of late-imperial gender relations across these, and other, categories from both traditional and modern perspectives.

      • HIST 378 - African Feminisms

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2017


        Prerequisite: At least sophomore standing.

        This course critically examines the idea of African feminisms by looking at many different intersections of time, place. and position for African women. This traces multiple ways in which African women have sought to challenge patriarchal roles in both precolonial and (post)colonial contexts. Students leave not with an understanding of a singular or aspirational African feminism but rather with an appreciation of the ways in which African women have and continue to challenge. reframe, and negotiate a variety of social and political positions.

      • HIST 379 - Queering Colonialism

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall 2015 and alternate years


        This course seeks to examine the many intersectional and overlapping threads in the histories of colonialism, gender, and sexuality. As authors like Achmat and Cohen have argued, colonialism has simultaneously supported and been supported by heteronormative, patriarchal, and white-supremacist regimes. This course looks at three avenues in which the 'normal' has been both created and contested in colonial histories: the body, belonging, and becoming. We read from a variety of disciplines, eras, and locations in order to understand how bodies can be made normal or 'queer.' We also examine how imperial structures of rule impact the daily lived experiences of people as they attempt to find spaces of belonging and potential for becoming part of a larger group. movement. or idea.

      • PHIL 235 - Beauvoir and The Second Sex

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 4
        Planned Offering: Spring 2014 and alternate years


        The Second Sex (1949) is Simone de Beauvoir's most well-known work in philosophy. It is a deep and urgent meditation on a true hope that is still elusive for many of us: to become, in every sense. one's own. It weaves together philosophy, history, social studies, economics, and biology to analyze the notion of "woman" and to explore the making and the power of gender and sexuality. Newly translated, The Second Sex is an important philosophical and political document about inequality and enforced otherness. In this course, we read this text together with recent work in the field and discuss it both as an important historical document and as a still relevant work on our gendered being in the world.

      • PHIL 242 - Social Inequality and Fair Opportunity

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter


        An exploration of the different range of opportunities available to various social groups, including racial, ethnic and sexual minorities, women, and the poor. Topics include how to define fair equality of opportunity; the social mechanisms that play a role in expanding and limiting opportunity; legal and group-initiated strategies aimed at effecting fair equality of opportunity and the theoretical foundations of these strategies; as well as an analysis of the concepts of equality, merit and citizenship, and their value to individuals and society.

      • PHIL 244 - Feminist Social and Political Philosophy

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall 2012 and alternate years


        This course critically examines the gender norms that pervade our identities, govern our everyday behavior, and organize our social life. Questions addressed may include: What is gender? In what ways does it affect the quality of women's and men's lives? Is gender difference natural? Is it valuable? Can it contribute to, or interfere with, human flourishing? Can a gendered society be just? What can any of us do to promote good relations among women and men?

      • PHIL 246 - Philosophy of Sex

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall


        This course explores questions related to contemporary conceptions of sexuality and its proper role in our lives. Questions addressed include: What is the purpose of sex? Are sexual practices subject to normative evaluation on grounds of morality, aesthetics, and/or capacity to promote a flourishing human life? We consider the relation between sex and both intimacy and pleasure, viewed from the perspective of heterosexual women and men, and gay men and lesbians. What are our sexual practices and attitudes toward sex? What should they be like?

      • PHIL 254 - Philosophy of the Family: Beyond Tradition

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2015 and alternate years


        This course considers philosophical issues raised by family as a social institution and as a legal institution. Topics addressed include the social and personal purposes served by the institution of family, the nature of relationships between family members, the various forms that family can take, the scope of family privacy or autonomy, and how family obligations, mutual support, and interdependency affect individual members of families.

      • REL 132 - God and Goddess in Hinduism

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3


        This course explores the many ways in which Hindus visualize and talk about the divine and its manifestations in the world through mythic stories, use of images in worship, explanations of the nature of the soul and body in relation to the divine, and the belief in human embodiments of the divine in Hindu holy men and women. Topics include: the religious meanings of masculine and feminine in the divine and human contexts; the idea of local, family, and "chosen" divinities; and differing forms of Hindu devotion for men and women.

      • REL 215 - Female and Male in Western Religious Traditions

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3


        An investigation of views about the body, human sexuality, and gender in Western religious traditions, especially Judaism and Christianity, and of the influences of these views both on the religious traditions themselves and on the societies in which they develop. The course focuses on religion and society in antiquity and the Middle Ages, but also considers the continuing influence of religious constructions of the body and sexuality on succeeding generations to the present.

      • REL 284 - Gender, Sexuality, and Islam

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2105 and alternate years


        How have issues of gender and sexuality in Medieval and Modern Islamic societies been debated across the Middle East, South Asia, and the West? Students examine scholarly and public discussions of gender and Islam, and they build a vocabulary in which to talk about women. queer, and intersex history as they concern Muslim societies and their foundational sources in their regional and historical contexts. No prior knowledge of Islam is necessary.

      • SPAN 323 - Golden Age Spanish Women Writers

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall 2017 and every third year


        Prerequisite: SPAN 220 and SPAN 275.

        A study of the comedia and the novela corta and the manner in which the secular women writers inscribe themselves within and beyond these genres. Close reading and discussion of representative works that may include the short stories and plays by María de Zayas, Ana Caro, Leonor de Meneses, Mariana de Carvajal, and Angela de Azevedo.

      • THTR 250 - Women in Contemporary Theater

        FDR: HA
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Offered in fall or winter when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit


        This course explores the contemporary theater scene, investigating its plays, playwrights, directors and actors. The representation of women in theatrical art, as well as the unique contributions of contemporary women as artists, theorists and audiences, provides the principal focus of study. Traditional critical and historical approaches to the material are complemented by play reading, play attendance, oral presentations, writing assignments, journal writing and the creation of individual performance pieces.

      • WGS 180 - FS: First-year Seminar

        FDR: Offered occasionally. Each first-year seminar topic is approved by the Dean of The College and the Committee on Courses and Degrees. Applicability to FDRs and other requirements varies
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisite: First-year standing.

        First-year seminar. Topics vary with term and instructor.

        Fall 2015 topic:

        WGS 180: FS: Gender and Sport (3). First-Year Seminar. Prerequisite: First-year class standing. This course introduces students to the fields of feminist theory and women's and gender studies by acquainting students with key theoretical concepts of the discipline, while exploring how the social practices and representations of sport are influenced by the gendered social framework within which they occur. Through an interdisciplinary approach, students learn to use gender as an analytical tool that intersects in complex ways with other categories of social power, such as race, class, and sexuality, focusing on the domain of sport. A central aim of the course is to encourage students to think critically about the relationship between their identities and their participation in sports, academics, and other pursuits, and their experiences as women and men in contemporary society. (HU) M. Bell. Fall 2015

      • WGS 295 - Humanities Topics in Women's and Gender Studies

        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and faculty resources permit


        Prerequisite: Depending on the topic, WGS 120 or instructor consent.

        A topical seminar that focuses on an interdisciplinary examination of a singular theme and/or geographic region relevant to the overall understanding of Women's and Gender Studies, such as Hispanic Feminisms. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

      • and when appropriate:
      • ENGL 250 - Medieval and Early Modern British Literature

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter


        Prerequisite: Completion of FW requirement.

        This course is a survey of English literature from the Early Middle Ages to the Early Modern period. We read works in various genres--verse, drama, and prose--and understand their specific cultural and historical contexts. We also examine select modern film adaptations of canonical works as part of the evolving history of critical reception.

      • ENGL 293 - Topics in American Literature

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3-4
        Planned Offering: Fall, Winter, Spring


        Prerequisite: Completion of the FW requirement.

        Studies in American literature, supported by attention to historical contexts. Versions of this course may survey several periods or concentrate on a group of works from a short span of time. Students develop their analytical writing skills in a series of short papers. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        Fall 2015, ENGL 293-01: Topics in American Literature: Sex and Intimacy in American Literature (3). This course surveys the formations of intimate feelings in the literature from Hawthorne's take on Puritans to Ginsberg's open celebration of gay sex. We will look at how different periods of American culture - the Romantics, Realists, Moderns, and post-Moderns - represent intimacy, its relation to gender and race, and why, in a country touted for its optimism, love in literature always seems to end badly. (HL) Leland.

      • ENGL 299 - Seminar for Prospective Majors

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall, Winter


        Prerequisites: Completion of FW composition requirement, at least one course chosen from English courses numbered from 203 to 295.

        A study of a topic in literature issuing in a research process and sustained critical writing. Some recent topics have been Detective Fiction; American Indian Literatures; Revenge; and David Thoreau and American Transcendentalism.

        Fall 2015, ENGL 299-01: Seminar for Prospective Majors: Apocalyptic Narratives (3). Ranging from ancient accounts of floods and plagues, the fall of great cities, and the final revelation to such contemporary texts as Doctor Strangelove, Interstellar, and World War Z, apocalyptic narratives are perhaps the oldest and remain among the most popular genres. In addition, this tradition vividly illustrates one of the most important practical functions of the serious study of literature, that is, how literature allows us to imagine and thereby "game out" scenarios that seldom, if ever, have really happened and that cannot be isolated for study in a lab because by definition they involve the possible end of the human race. Likely texts include histories, poems, films, and novels such as book 2 of The Aeneid, The Book of Revelations, Frankenstein, The War of the Worlds, A Canticle for Leibowitz, Salem's Lot, Oryx and Crake, Aliens, The Road, and Noah. (HL) Adams.

        Fall 2015, ENGL 299-02: Seminar for Prospective Majors: The (M.) Butterfly Effect (3). Marco Polo, in his Travels, boasts of no fewer than 20,000 courtesans ready to serve foreign emissaries and merchants visiting the imperial court of the Great Khan. The East, simultaneously there and here, is always already exoticized and eroticized. This course examines the parallel constructions and representations of Eastern spaces, bodies, genders, and sexualities that continue to haunt the Western imaginary. Central to the discursive history of Orientalism is the figure of Madame Butterfly--geisha, lover, mother, and wife. Alongside and against Cho-Cho San, however, are the Dragon Lady, Mulan the female warrior, and men who intentionally or unwittingly assume the role of the Butterfly. Between fantasy and reality, is the East an effect of cross-cultural encounters? Or does it effect its own figurations in a complex network of negotiations? Cultural artifacts include Pierre Loti's Madame Chrysanthème; John Luther Long's original short story and later novella Madame Butterfly, as well as David Belasco's play, Giacomo Puccini's opera, David Henry Hwang's play M. Butterfly, and Claude-Michel Schönberg and Alain Boublil's musical Miss Saigon; Arthur Golden's Memoirs of a Geisha; the legends of Mulan and Maxine Hong Kingston's The Woman Warrior; Graham Greene's The Quiet American; and Marguerite Duras' The Lover. We also look at various cinematic adaptations and visual traditions of the Butterfly, including Kenji Mizoguchi's 1956 Sisters of the Gion, Jerry Lewis' 1958 The Geisha Boy, the films of Anna May Wong, and the works of Margaret Cho. Emphases are on the practice of close reading, introduction to literary theory, and critical research skills. A series of short papers culminate in a long research paper. (HL) Kao.

         

      • ENGL 380 - Advanced Seminar

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3 in fall or winter, 4 in spring
        Planned Offering: Fall, Winter, Spring


        Prerequisite: ENGL 299. Enrollment limited.

        A seminar course on a topic, genre, figure, or school (e.g. African-American women's literature, epic film, Leslie Marmon Silko, feminist literary theory) with special emphasis on research and discussion. The topic will be limited in scope to permit study in depth. Student suggestions for topics are welcome. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

      • FREN 331 - Etudes thématiques

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisite: Three courses at the 200 level.

        This course gives students a general knowledge of the evolution of French literature and ideas over the centuries through the study of one main theme. Recent offerings include: L'Exil; Regards sur la ville; Le dépaysement; Le voyage dans la literature française; L'esprit critique au XVIIIe siècle. May be repeated for degree credit if the theme is different.

      • FREN 397 - Séminaire avancé

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall


        Prerequisite: Three courses at the 200 level.

        The in-depth study of a topic in French literature and/or civilization. Recent offerings include: La Littérature francophone du Maghreb; La littérature Beure; La France sous l'occupation; Les femmes et l'écriture au XVIIe siècle; Les écrivains du XXe siècle et la diversité culturelle; L'affaire Dreyfus. Students are encouraged to use this course for the development of a personal project. May be repeated for degree credit when the topics are different.

        Fall 2015, FREN 397-01: Séminaire avancé: Female Protagonists and Heroines in 20th- and 21st-Century French Literature (3). This seminar explores representations of women and femininity as well as the heroine in novels and theater since the turn of the 20th century to today. Discussions include gender, sexuality and their treatment in narrative or drama. Some of the authors studied are Colette, Marguerite Duras, Francois Mauriac, Helene Cixous, and Matei Visniec. (HL) Radulescu. Fall 2015

      • LATN 326 - The Poetry of Ovid

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisite: LATN 202 or instructor consent.

        Readings from the masterpieces of Ovid's poetry, including one or more of the following: The Metamorphoses (a grand mythological epic), The Fasti (festivals and the Roman calendar), The Heroides (fictional letters written by mythological heroines, Ars Amatoria and Amores (love poetry) and Tristia and Epistulae ex Ponto (his poetry from exile). Topic varies by term but course may be taken only once.

      • LIT 220 - Modern Chinese Literature in Translation

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter


        Prerequisite: Completion of FW FDR requirement.

        This is a survey course to introduce students to the literature of 20th-century China. Through close reading of key literary texts from the 1910s to the present, students explore the social, historical and literary background that gave rise to the texts studied and the ways in which these texts address various issues that China faced at the time. Taught in English, the course presupposes no previous knowledge of China or Chinese culture. In addition to the selected literary texts, the course introduces several feature films that are cinematic adaptations of modern Chinese fiction and explore the complex and dynamic interchange between literary and cinematic language.

      • LIT 295 - Special Topics in Literature in Translation

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3 credits in Fall or Winter; 4 credits in Spring
        Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit


        Prerequisites: Completion of FW requirement.

        A selected topic focusing on a particular author, genre, motif or period in translation. The specific topic is determined by the interests of the individual instructor. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        Fall 2015, LIT 295-01: Special Topics in Literature in Translation: Spaces and Places In Arabic Literature (3). Starting at the pre-Islamic ode's space of the abandoned campsite, place is a central organizing trope in the Arabic literary canon. Through the dynamic lens of time itself, this course examines the making of historical, geographic, social, and political spaces in Arabic literature. We survey fifteen hundred years of literary production and explore how Arabic poetry, Arabic adab (belles-lettres), biographies, short stories, newspapers, and novels create and (re-)produce spaces across time. Students read literature as sites refiguring complex social, historical, and political relations that can to be analyzed, discussed, and explained. In the context of these sites, dynamic processes of historiography, identity creation, and nation building are staged and unfold. We approach the readings from an array of perspectives, considering space as a place, as a condition, and as a practice. The course presupposes no previous knowledge of the Arabic language or the cultures of the Middle East. All readings are in translation and available on Sakai. Class discussions in English. Questions? Contact Prof. Antoine Edwards at edwardsa@wlu.edu. (HL) Edwards. Fall 2015

        Fall 2015, LIT 295A-01: Anti-Semitism in German Culture (3). Prerequisite: Completion of FW requirement. This course deals primarily with the question of how the relatively small Jewish minority came to occupy so much space in the German cultural imagination. An interdisciplinary study drawing on political, literary, and theological texts, the course begins in the 18th century and traces the development of anti-Semitism in Germany through the eliminationist version of the World War II era. No previous familiarity with the subject matter is necessary. (HL) Youngman. Fall 2015

        Winter 2016, LIT 295-01: Growing up Female: Inter-American Perspectives (3). Meets the humanities requirement of the WGS minor. An introduction to the Bildungsroman, also known as Novel of Development, Novel of Apprenticeship, or the Coming-of-Age Novel. While the traditional Bildungsroman focused on the intellectual, social, and sexual education of a male hero, women writers have also employed the genre to tell about female development. The course focuses on female protagonists from various social backgrounds and ethnic groups, in novels, short stories, and testimonial narratives by women writers from across the Americas. An inter-American focus helps students explore comparatively what is unique about each work, as well as their similarities as fictional and non-fictional narratives of development. (HL) Pinto Bailey.

         

      • REL 295 - Special Topics in Religion

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3 credits in fall or winter, 4 in spring


        Prerequisite varies according to the topic.

        A course offered from time to time in a selected problem or topic in religion. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

      • SPAN 397 - Peninsular Seminar

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall, Winter


        Prerequisites: SPAN 220 and SPAN 275.

        A seminar focusing on a single period, genre, motif, or writer. The specific topic will be determined jointly according to student interest and departmental approval. Recent topics have included "The Female Voice in Hispanic Literature", "19th- and 20th-Century Spanish drama", "Women Writers of the Golden Age", and "Romanticism and the Generation of '98". May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        Fall 2015, SPAN 397-01: Peninsular Seminar: Representaciones de la Guerra Civil Española (3). This seminar examines the fundamental importance of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) in literary and visual texts of the Franco and contemporary periods of Spain. Through readings of these literary and visual texts, students come to understand the evolution of often conflicting histories, ideologies, obsessions, and artistic notions surrounding the war itself and its consequences. After a review of the events leading up to the Spanish Civil War and of the prelude to the Second World War, we observe how the themes and issues of the war manifest in fiction, poetry, film, and other visual texts, paying particular attention to the Franco regime, the pact of silence, and the desire to uncover the past in myriad ways. Literature includes works by Federico García Lorca, Jaime Gil de Biedma, Carmen Laforet, Alberto Méndez, and Mercè Rodoreda. Visual texts include posters, newspapers, letters, government documents, documentaries, fictional films, and NO-DO reels from the Franco era. (HL) Mayock.

      • SPAN 398 - Spanish-American Seminar

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall, Winter


        Prerequisites:SPAN 240 and SPAN 275.

        A seminar focusing on a single period, genre, motif, or writer. Recent topics have included "Spanish American Women Writers: From America into the 21st Century," "20th Century Latin America Theater," and "Past, Memory, and Identity in Contemporary Argentina's Cultural Products." May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        Fall 2015, SPAN 398-01: Spanish-American Seminar: Poetry and Power (3). A course about reading power; more properly, a course about critically reading Spanish American poetry as a site for revealing, rethinking, and resisting enforced inequality. It is a poetic inquiry into social justice, including an exploration the ways in which poetry might help us to realize, reckon, and contest unjust and unequal distributions and codifications of power. We interrogate four major configurations of inequality -- sexism, racism, colonialism, fascism -- studying each in depth, to illuminate through poetry our potential to conceive of and live in more egalitarian, inclusive, and pacifistic worlds. Besides the close reading of poetry, coursework includes listening to music, reading critical theory, viewing documentary footage, and participating in lively discussions. (HL)  Michelson.

  4. Capstone experience (after the completion of all other requirements):
    • WGS 396 - Advanced Seminar in Women's and Gender Studies

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and faculty re-sources permit


      Prerequisites: WGS 120, junior or senior standing, or instructor consent.

      This course provides an opportunity for advanced students to explore in detail some aspect of women's studies. Specific topics may vary and may be determined, in part, by student interest. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

    • or another relevant individual study, senior thesis, or honors thesis in the student’s major approved by the program committee.