Sociology and Anthropology Degree Requirements

2015 - 2016 Catalog

Sociology and Anthropology major leading to BA degree

A major in sociology and anthropology leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree consists of at least 36 credits as follows:

  1. SOAN 101, 102, 360, 375, 395
  2. One course chosen from the following: INTR 202, MATH 118, PSYC 250, SOAN 118
  3. Completion of one of the two following areas of emphasis:

Sociology (at least 9 credits)
a. Two additional courses in sociology chosen from the following: SOAN 180, 202, 205, 212, 221(REL 221), 225, 228, 232, 234 (HIST 234), 245 (POL 245), 246 (POL 246), 251 (POL 251), 262, 270, 272 (POL 272), 276, 280, 281, 289, 290, 361 (HIST 361), 367 (HIST 367),390
b. One additional course in anthropology chosen from the following: SOAN 181, 205, 207, 223, 224 (REL 224), 232, 238 (HIST 238), 240, 243 (ARTH 243), 252, 255, 260, 275, 277, 285 (REL 285), 286, 288, 291, 377, 378, 391

Anthropology (at least 9 credits)
a. Two additional courses in anthropology chosen from the following: SOAN 181, 205, 207, 223, 224 (REL 224), 232, 238 (HIST 238), 240, 243 (ARTH 243), 252, 255, 260, 275, 277, 285 (REL 285), 286, 288, 291, 377, 378, 391
b. One additional course in sociology chosen from the following: SOAN 180, 202, 205, 212, 221(REL 221), 225, 228, 232, 234 (HIST 234), 245 (POL 245), 246 (POL 246), 251 (POL 251), 262, 270, 272 (POL 272), 276, 280, 281, 289, 290, 361 (HIST 361), 367 (HIST 367), 390

  • 4. Three additional courses chosen from those numbered 200 and above in sociology and anthropology, or, when approved by the department head, economics, history, philosophy, politics, psychology, religion, or other disciplines

Students who also declare a major in psychology may request a substitution for SOAN 375.

Students who intend to enroll in a graduate program in Sociology should complete the Sociology emphasis and consider enrolling in SOAN 276 as one of the Sociology emphasis electives.

Students who wish to attend graduate school in Anthropology should complete the Anthropology emphasis. Those who have a particular interest in Archaeology should select the Anthropology emphasis and should enroll in SOAN 206 (old ANTH 205) and 377. In addition, they should consider taking other Archaeology courses within the Anthropology track. Those students considering a graduate program in Archaeology are advised to take, as well, SOAN 207, 252, and an elective course in cultural anthropology. Many graduate programs in this field of Anthropology want to see a degree of expertise in the other three fields of the discipline.

  1. Required courses:
    • SOAN 101 - Introduction to Anthropology

      FDR: SS4
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall, Winter


      Prerequisite: First-year or sophomore standing. Juniors and seniors with instructor consent.

      An examination of people and their cultures. An introduction to the techniques employed by the physical anthropologist, archaeologist, and ethnographer is provided. Specific subjects considered include: the physical prerequisites to the acquisition of culture, archaeological interpretation of cultural behavior, and the influences of culture upon the individual and society.

    • SOAN 102 - General Sociology

      FDR: SS4
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall, Winter


      Prerequisite: First-year or sophomore standing. Juniors and seniors with instructor consent.

      Human society: culture, personality, human nature, social groups, associations, and institutions; analysis of major institutions and of modern social trends.

    • SOAN 360 - Theorizing Social Life

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall


      Prerequisites: SOAN 101 (ANTH 101), SOAN 102 (SOC 102), and at least junior standing.

      This seminar considers the development of theory about social life and culture within anthropology and sociology. We read the works that have shaped, and continue to shape, major theoretical trends in these interconnected disciplines.

    • SOAN 375 - Methods of Social Inquiry

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall


      Prerequisites: SOAN 101 (ANTH 101) or SOAN 102 (SOC 102), and at least junior standing.

      The rationale and practice of social research methods and their relationship to social theory. Major aspects of social inquiry - such as asking questions, creating hypotheses, measurement and interpretation are examined. The course includes lecture, discussion, and completing a major term-long research project.

    • SOAN 395 - Senior Seminar in Social Analysis

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter


      Prerequisite: SOAN 102 (SOC 102), SOAN 375 (SOC 375), and one chosen from SOAN 118 (SOC 118), MATH 118, INTR 202 or PSYC 250.

      This course is designed as a capstone experience for majors with the sociology emphasis. Students, utilizing their knowledge of sociological theory and research methods, design and execute independent research projects, typically involving secondary analysis of survey data. Working on a subject of their choice, students learn how to present research questions and arguments, formulate research hypotheses, test hypotheses through univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analyses (utilizing appropriate statistical packages such as SPSS), and write research reports.

  2. One course chosen from
    • INTR 202 - Applied Statistics

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Fall, Winter


      Prerequisite: INTR 201.

      An examination of the principal applications of statistics in accounting, business, economics, and politics. Topics include descriptive statistics, probability, estimation, hypothesis testing, and regression analysis.

    • MATH 118 - Introduction to Statistics

      FDR: SC
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter


      Prerequisite: MATH 101.

      Elementary probability and counting. Mean and variance of discrete and continuous random variables. Central Limit Theorem. Confidence intervals and hypothesis tests concerning parameters of one or two normal populations.

    • PSYC 250 - Research Design and Analysis

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Fall


      Prerequisite: PSYC 120.

      Corequisite: PSYC 250L.

      Students learn about the design and analysis of psychological research, with particular emphasis on experimentation. Students learn statistical inference appropriate for hypothesis testing, and they use standard statistical packages to analyze data. Laboratory course.

    • SOAN 118 - Basic Statistics in the Social Sciences

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall 2015 and alternate years


      Introductory statistics course designed to help students become good consumers of statistics, but especially geared for students interested in sociology, archeology, and anthropology. Course is aimed to help students engage in hypothesis-testing. Topics include descriptive and inferential statistics, sampling, and regression analysis. Students also get practical experience with cleaning and analyzing real world secondary data.

  3. Completion of one of the two following areas of emphasis
    • Sociology (at least 9 credits)
      • Two additional courses in sociology chosen from the following:
        • SOAN 180 - FS: First-Year Seminar in Sociology

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered occasionally. Each first-year seminar topic is approved by the Dean of The College and the Committee on Courses and Degrees. Applicability to FDRs and other requirements varies


          First-year seminar. Prerequisite: First-year standing.

          First-year seminar.

        • SOAN 202 - Contemporary Social Problems

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2016 and alternate years


          A study of the relationship of social problems to the cultural life and social structure of American society. An analysis of the causes, consequences, and possible solutions to selected social problems in American society.

        • SOAN 205 - Power and Status: An Introduction to Social Influence

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2017 and alternate years


          This seminar explores the fundamental sociological concepts of "power" and "status" and how they are related to social influence. Power and status undergird social inequality on both a macro and a micro level. Students view the types, uses, and consequences of power and status differences through a structural social psychological lens, while analyzing leadership in organizational contexts. Students compare the nature of "power" versus "status" and investigate the ways power and status 1) parallel, 2) differ, and 3) interact with one another in theory and in practice of creating, maintaining, and changing our social world. Students are asked to think creatively about what role status and power dynamics have in shaping all aspects of everyday social life, particularly their lives at W&L.

        • SOAN 212 - Theories of Social Psychology

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall 2016 and alternate years


          An introduction to three major paradigms present in the sociological tradition of social psychology. The course examines social structure and personality, structural social psychology and symbolic interactionist framework. The three paradigmatic approaches are used to understand how macro-level processes influence micro-level social interaction and vice versa.

        • SOAN 221 - Sociology of Religion (REL 221)

          FDR: HU
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit


          Theories of the origin and functions of religion; institutionalization of religious belief, behavior, and social organization; and conditions in which religion maintains social stability; and/or generates social change.

        • SOAN 225 - Peoples of Central Europe Through Literature and Film

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 4
          Planned Offering: Spring 2017 and alternate years


          This course provides basic information about the citizens of the Central European nations of Poland, the Czech Republic, and Hungary. The beliefs, attitudes, and value systems of the people of Central Europe are studied using core textbook readings supplemented by feature films, video materials, novels, short stories, plays, and poetry. Class discussions focus on interpreting these works of art in the context of comparative, historical-sociological analysis of the Polish, Czech, and Hungarian cultures and societies.

        • SOAN 228 - Race and Ethnic Relations

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall


          Prerequisite: At least junior standing. Instructor consent required.

          An analysis of minority groups in America. Theories of ethnicity are examined focusing on the relationship between class and ethnicity, and on the possible social and biological significance of racial differences. Attention is also given to prejudice and discrimination, as well as to consideration of minority strategies to bring about change.

        • SOAN 232 - Historical Archaeology

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2016 and alternate years


          This course considers the discipline of historical archaeology from developmental, theoretical, methodological, and substantive perspectives. Beginning with the age of European exploration and continuing through modern times, this course surveys archaeological approaches to understanding social relations, class structures, and economic strategies among people of diverse ethnicities in North America, South America, Europe, Africa, and Australia. Students become familiar with prominent theoretical orientations within historical archaeology, debates about archaeologists' ethical obligations, and methodological developments in fieldwork and artifact research.

        • SOAN 234 - Nations and Nationalism (HIST 234)

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit


          This course examines the rise and global spread of national identity over the last five centuries by considering cases from Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas and using these to test major theories of nationalism from history and the social sciences. Major questions considered include the following: What, if any, are the empirically identifiable relationships between national identity and other major dimensions of "modernization," such as the rise of the modern state and industrial capitalism? Is nationalism a cause, consequence, or victim of "globalization"? Can we construct a theory of the spread of national identity that not only makes sense of macro-level patterns but also articulates clear "microfoundations" and identifiable causal mechanisms?

        • SOAN 245 - European Politics and Society (POL 245)

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall 2016 and alternate years


          A comparative analysis of European political systems and social institutions. The course covers the established democracies of western and northern Europe, the new democracies of southern and east-central Europe, and the post-Communist regimes in eastern and southeastern Europe. Mechanisms of European integration are also discussed with attention focused on institutions such as European Union, NATO, OSCE, and Council of Europe.

        • SOAN 246 - Post-Communism and New Democracies (POL 246)

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall 2017 and alternate years


          A comparative analysis of transition from Communism in the countries of the former Soviet bloc. Cases of successful and unsuccessful transitions to civil society, pluralist democracy, and market economy are examined. The comparative framework includes analysis of transition from non-Communist authoritarianism and democratic consolidation in selected countries of Latin America, the Mediterranean, Southeast Asia, and South Africa.

        • SOAN 251 - Social Movements (POL 251)

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter


          Prerequisites: POL 100, 105 or 111 or instructor consent.

          A survey of American social movements, including an evaluation of competing theoretical approaches to the study of social movements and an examination of the strategies, successes, failures, and political and social consequences of the civil rights, labor, student, and women's movements. Close attention is given to factors contributing to the rise and decline of these movements.

        • SOAN 262 - The Sociology of Culture

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Not offered in 2015-16


          This course introduces research and theory in the sociology of culture. Explores such questions as: What is culture? What is the relationship between culture and society? How and why does culture change? In addition to these questions, topics covered include an examination of the various theoretical approaches to culture; the relationship between high and popular culture and the debate over cultural boundaries; the production, distribution and consumption of culture; national culture and national identity; globalization; and the intersections between culture and class, gender, ethnicity and race. Special attention will be paid to examining key cultural forms, such as television, fashion, music, advertising, museums, art, and literature.

        • SOAN 270 - Deviance

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter


          An examination of theories of deviance from a sociological perspective. Particular emphasis is placed on the causes of deviant acts and on the social processes utilized in evaluating these behaviors. Theoretical applications are made to crime and mental illness.

        • SOAN 272 - Social Revolutions (POL 272)

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit


          Prerequisite: SOAN 101, 102, or instructor consent.

          This seminar provides an in depth exploration of a variety of social revolutions. The overarching goal of the course is to discern whether or not a single "theory of revolutions" can be constructed. Are there common patterns to be observed in (and common causes behind) events as separated by time, place, and ideology as the 17th-century "Glorious Revolution" in England, the French Revolution, Latin American revolutions (including the Wars of Independence and the Mexican Revolution), the Russian Revolution, and more recent events such as the revolution that brought the current regime in Iran to power? To this end, students read and discuss a variety of such theories that have been put forward by sociologists, historians, and political scientists and then consider case studies of the aforementioned social revolutions in order to scrutinize these theories.

        • SOAN 276 - Art & Science of Survey Research

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit


          Prerequisite: Sociology 102 or instructor consent.

          This course is designed as a group research project devoted to the art and the science of survey research. Students prepare a list of hypotheses, select indicators, construct a questionnaire, conduct interviews, analyze data, and write research reports. When appropriate, the course may include service-learning components (community-based research projects).  

        • SOAN 280 - Gender and Sexuality

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter


          An anthropological and sociological investigation of sex roles in preliterate and modern societies. Special consideration is given to the role of innate sexual differences, cultural variation, technology, and power in determining patterns of male dominance. Emphasis is placed on real and mythical female and male power in the context of changing relationships between men and women in American society.

        • SOAN 281 - Adolescence Under the Microscope

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 4
          Planned Offering: Spring


          This course focuses on adolescence through the lens of social psychology. Insights from sociology, anthropology, and psychology are employed to explicate the adolescent experience in the United States in contrast to other societies. Topics include: the impact of liminality on adolescent identity in cross-cultural perspective; adolescence as objective reality or cultural fiction; adolescence and peer relations, gender and suicide; and new technologies and virtual adolescence. Each student engages in a research project focusing on adolescence and identity through either interviews or observational techniques. The final project is a group analysis of adolescence as reflected in Facebook.

        • SOAN 289 - Sociology of the Self, Self-Help, and the Pursuit of Happiness

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 4
          Planned Offering: Spring (not offered in 2015-16)


          Prerequisite: SOAN 101, 102, or instructor consent.

          Beginning with a survey of sociological theories of modernity and modern identities, the course moves to a consideration of empirical scholarly claims that modern identity is somehow problematic, and modern persons somehow especially 'world-open' and incomplete. In trying to understand the emergence of social movements oriented toward 'helping' and 'healing' the self, the following questions are considered: What sociological conditions underlie these movements? Do they have analogues in other times and places or are they tightly linked to the conditions of 'modern' societies? If, in the end, 'self help' aims to address problems that are sociological at root, can we expect its remedies to be useful? Are any non-individualized solutions to the problems lying behind a felt need for 'self help' possible? This course meets once a week with REL 205: Self-Help and PSYC 300: The Pursuit of Happiness in a seminar where students become teachers and lead a class in which we all discuss together the work we have done separately during the week. In this way, students become part of a broad learning community that cuts across the many disciplines and divisions that make up the university.

        • SOAN 290 - Special Topics in Sociology

          Credits: 3 in Fall or Winter, 4 in Spring
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit


          A discussion of a series of topics of sociological concern. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • SOAN 256 - The History of Violence in America (HIST 361)

          FDR: HU
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2015 and alternate years


          Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing.

          An examination of the social origins, evolution, and major forms of extralegal, violent conflict in the United States, including individual and collective violence and conflict related to race, class, gender, politics, and ethnicity, especially emphasizing the 19th and 20th centuries. Major topics include theories of social conflict, slavery and interracial violence, predatory crime, labor strife, and inter-ethnic violence.

        • SOAN 367 - Seminar in American Social History (HIST 367)

          FDR: HU
          Credits: 4
          Planned Offering: Spring 2016 and alternate years


          Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing.

          An examination of selected topics in the social history of the United States. Requirements include a major research paper based on original source material. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.
           

        • SOAN 390 - Special Topics in Sociology

          Credits: 3


          Prerequisite: May vary by topic.

          A discussion of a series of topics of sociological concern. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

          Fall 2015 topic:

          SOAN 390: Microsociology (3). Prerequsite: One course in Sociology/ Anthropology. The focus of this seminar is on the intricacies of social interaction. Particular emphasis is placed on three theoretical approaches: symbolic interaction, social dramaturgy, and social construction. Each model is examined with regard to the meaning of interaction and the manner in which it operates, with emphasis placed as well on socialization and self-development within the context of social determinism and voluntarism. The seminar concludes with viewing the various interactionist perspectives as elements to be incorporated in developing a more coherent, emergent image of social interaction. Novack.

      • One additional course in anthropology chosen from the following:
        • SOAN 181 - FS: First-Year Seminar in Anthropology

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered occasionally. Each first-year seminar topic is approved by the Dean of The College and the Committee on Courses and Degrees. Applicability to FDRs and other requirements varies


          First-year seminar. Prerequisite: First-year standing.

          2015 Fall SOAN 181-01: FS in Anthropology: Discovering W&L's Origins Using Historical Archaeology (3). First-year seminar. Prerequisite: First-year class standing. An introduction to the practice of historical archaeology using Liberty Hall Academy and our ongoing excavations there as a case study. With archaeological excavation and documentary research as our primary sources, students use several software packages common in the archaeological sciences and approaches from the digital humanities to analyze our data and to explore the range of questions and answers that these data and methods of analysis make possible. Hands-on experience with data and its analysis is the focus of this course, with students working together in small groups deciding how to interpret their findings about the University's early history to a public audience. The final project is a museum-quality display of our research installed on campus. (SS4) Gaylord.

        • SOAN 206 - Archaeology

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2017 and alternate years


          An examination of anthropologically-oriented archaeology. Specific subjects to be considered will include the history of the subdiscipline, theoretical developments, field techniques, substantive contributions for the prehistoric and historic subareas and recent developments in theory and methodology.

        • SOAN 207 - Biological Anthropology

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2017 and alternate years


          This course considers the emergence and evolution of Homo sapiens from fossil, archaeological, and genetic evidence. The class focuses on evolutionary mechanisms; selective pressures for key human biological and behavioral patterns, such as bipedalism, intelligence, altruism, learned behavior, and expressive culture; relations among prehuman species; the human diaspora; and modern human diversity, particularly "racial" variation. The course also examines theories from sociobiology and evolutionary psychology about motivations for modern human behaviors.

        • SOAN 223 - Social Sciences and Religion

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2017 and alternate years


          Scholars still debate the appropriate relationship between social science and religion, with the two most extreme positions assuming the impossibility of a social science of religion, on the one hand, and denial of the validity of religious claims, on the other. Beginning with an examination of the fundamental debates regarding the nature and goals of social scientific inquiry, we examine classical and contemporary analyses of religion in psychology, sociology, and anthropology. The major social scientific paradigms - materialist, functionalist, and phenomenological - differ in their implications for understanding and explaining religious phenomena; they provide the context for consideration of questions of reductionism, explanation vs. understanding, insider vs. outsider orientations, and the nature and limits to truth claims made both by social scientists and religious devotees and scholars.

        • SOAN 224 - American Indian Religions, Landscapes, and Identities (REL 224)

          FDR: HU
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2016 and alternate years


          Drawing on a combination of scholarly essays, native accounts, videos, guest lectures, and student presentations, this seminar examines the religious assumptions and practices that bind American Indian communities to their traditional homelands. The seminar elucidates and illustrates those principles concerning human environmental interactions common to most Indian tribes; focuses on the traditional beliefs and practices of a particular Indian community that reflected and reinforced the community's understanding of the relationship to be maintained with the land and its creatures; and examines the moral and legal disputes that have arisen out of the very different presuppositions which Indians and non-Indians hold regarding the environment.

        • SOAN 232 - Historical Archaeology

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2016 and alternate years


          This course considers the discipline of historical archaeology from developmental, theoretical, methodological, and substantive perspectives. Beginning with the age of European exploration and continuing through modern times, this course surveys archaeological approaches to understanding social relations, class structures, and economic strategies among people of diverse ethnicities in North America, South America, Europe, Africa, and Australia. Students become familiar with prominent theoretical orientations within historical archaeology, debates about archaeologists' ethical obligations, and methodological developments in fieldwork and artifact research.

        • SOAN 238 - Anthropology of American History (HIST 238)

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall 2017 and alternate years


          Prerequisite: Instructor consent.

          This course explores issues within historic American communities that ethnographers often investigate among living groups, including cultural values, religious ideologies, class structures, kinship networks, gender roles, and interethnic relations. Although the communities of interest in this course ceased to exist generations ago, many of their characteristic dynamics are accessible through such means as archaeology, architectural history, and the study of documents. Case studies include early English settlement in Plymouth, Massachusetts; the 18th-century plantation world of Virginia and South Carolina; the post-Revolutionary Maine frontier; and 19th-century California.

        • SOAN 240 - Food, Culture, and Society

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall 2015 and alternate years


          This course explores connections among food, culture, and society. Food has been an essential way that individuals and societies define themselves, especially now in our ever globalizing world, as cultural anthropology continues to be a central discipline guiding this field of study. Students review some of the classic symbolic and structural analyses of gastro-politics. We explore relationships between fast-food/globalized taste vs. the Slow Food Movement/localized taste, and delve into socioeconomic and political practices behind the production and consumption of coffee, milk products, and alcoholic beverages. Students investigate relationships among cooking/eating and race, gender, and sexuality, and discuss community food justice. Opportunities to experience the Rockbridge area food scene are integrated into the syllabus.

        • SOAN 243 - Imaging Tibet (ARTH 243)

          FDR: HA
          Credits: 4
          Planned Offering: Spring 2016


          An examination of images and imaging practices of the early 1900s to the present in order to define and analyze the ways in which both Western and Asian (particularly Tibetan and Chinese) artists have imagined Tibet and its people.

        • SOAN 252 - Language, Culture, and Communication

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2016 and alternate years


          This course surveys anthropological approaches to understanding the intersections among language, culture and society. Topics include non-human communication systems, the origins of human language, and methods of establishing historical relationships among languages. Formal linguistic analysis receives some attention, but the greatest part of the course concerns language in sociocultural contexts. Examples of linguistic phenomena in ethnographic perspective are drawn from people around the world, including the Gullah, the Apache, and the Bedouin of Egypt.

        • SOAN 255 - Terror and Violence in Anthropological Perspective

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Not offered in 2015-16


          This course investigates violence and terror in historical and contemporary societies. We discuss the various causes, methods, and effects of violence and terror, and then look at how anthropologists have documented, challenged, and even condoned such processes.

        • SOAN 260 - Conflicts in Eurasi Globalization, New States, and Soviet Legacies

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Not offered in 2015-16


          In this course, students learn how to apply anthropology and a wide range of other disciplinary techniques to understand and attempt to solve post-socialist problems. Students do independent research on issues relevant to their main areas of course work. We explore how ethnographic fieldwork and cultural theory provide key information about how people in Eurasia relate to daily conflicts through common past socialist experiences and new interactions with globalization, transnational movements, and the world market. Throughout the term, we discuss differences and similarities, advantages and disadvantages of various disciplinary approaches to key conflicts in the region. Topics include crime, the emerging marketplace, poverty, health, gender, and ethnic conflict. We study Eurasia via issues rather than geography, and we focus intensely on the transnational effects of wars in Chechnya and Afghanistan. The class reads material from anthropology and other disciplines and watches several documentaries.

        • SOAN 275 - Feminist Anthropology

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2016 and alternate years


          This course covers the complex and sometimes "awkward" relationship between feminism and anthropology. We explore topics such as the place of feminist theory and politics within the discipline of anthropology, the problems involved in being a feminist and an anthropologist, and the creation of feminist ethnography.

        • SOAN 277 - Seminar in Medical Anthropology

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter


          Despite radical differences in theory and procedure, the diagnosis and treatment of diseases are human cultural universals. This seminar first examines the beliefs and practices that comprise the medical systems found among a wide variety of non-western peoples. We then investigates the responses of a number of non-western communities to the introduction of western, biomedical practices. We finish by considering such ethical issues as whether or not non-western peoples who supply western doctors and pharmacologists with knowledge of curing agents should be accorded intellectual property rights over this information; in what situations, if any, should western medical personnel impose biomedical treatments on populations; and should anthropologists make use of indigenous peoples as medical trial subjects as was allegedly done by Napoleon Chagnon.

        • SOAN 285 - Introduction to American Indian Religions (REL 285)

          FDR: HU
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall


          This class introduces students to some of the dominant themes, values, beliefs, and practices found among the religions of North America's Indian peoples. The first part of the course explores the importance of sacred power, landscape, and community in traditional Indian spiritualities and rituals. It then examines some of the changes that have occurred in these traditions as a result of western expansion and dominance from the 18th through early 20th centuries. Lastly, the course considers some of the issues and problems confronting contemporary American Indian religions.

        • SOAN 286 - Land in American Indian Culture, Religion, and History

          Credits: 4
          Planned Offering: Spring 2016 and alternate years


          This class focuses on the religious, cultural, and historical dimensions of a selected American Indian nation and ties to its lands as they found expression in the beliefs and practices of its pre- and post-reservation communities. The specific themes that the seminar will address are: 1) Lands, Culture, and Cosmology; 2) Lands, Subsistence, and Ceremony; and 3) Land in the Nation's History; and 4) Sacred Landscape and Contestation.  The course may cover the Lakota Sioux, Cherokee, or other Indian nation. Topic for 2014:

        • SOAN 288 - Childhood

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall 2016 and alternate years


          This course explores the experience of childhood cross culturally, investigating how different societies conceptualize what it means to be a child. Our readings progress through representations of the lifecycle, starting with a discussion of conception, and moving through issues pertaining to the fetus, infants, children, and adolescents. We discuss socialization, discipline, emotion, education, gender, and sexuality, with special attention given to the effects of war, poverty, social inequality, and disease on children and youth.

           

        • SOAN 291 - Special Topics in Anthropology

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit


          A discussion of a series of topics of anthropological concern. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

          Fall 2015 topic:

          2015 Fall SOAN 291-01: Seminar in American Indian Ethnohistory (3). No prerequisite. One of the major goals of modern ethnohistory is to use historical and anthropological methods to uncover the understandings that non-western peoples have of their own histories. This seminar introduces students to the theoretical and methodological principles of ethnohistorical research and their application to North American Indian peoples. Students first study American Indian conceptions of time and their relationship to the criteria by which tribal communities selected and comprehended the events comprising their histories. We then examine how Indian tribes from different parts of North America, including the Southwest, Northeast, Southeast, and Plains interpreted, evaluated, and responded to their encounters with colonial and the United States governments. Markowitz.

           

        • SOAN 377 - Field Methods in Archaeology

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 4
          Planned Offering: Spring


          Fieldwork in archaeology. The student participates in all phases of ongoing archaeological projects. Students who have successfully completed SOAN 206 (old ANTH 205) are assured of a place in SOAN 377. With the supervision of the instructor, students may take ANTH 377 more than once. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • SOAN 378 - Archaeological Field Survey Techniques

          Credits: 4
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit


          Prerequisite: Instructor consent.

          The course is designed to provide the student with an opportunity to engage in archaeological field survey in Rockbridge County. Classroom meetings concerning the theory and methods of modern archaeological survey are supplemented by field research concerning sites of historic and prehistoric significance.

        • SOAN 391 - Special Topics in Anthropology

          Credits: 3


          Permission of the department required. Topics and prerequisites to be arranged.

          A discussion of a series of topics of anthropological concern. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

    • Anthropology (at least 9 credits)
      • Two additional courses in anthropology chosen from the following:
        • SOAN 181 - FS: First-Year Seminar in Anthropology

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered occasionally. Each first-year seminar topic is approved by the Dean of The College and the Committee on Courses and Degrees. Applicability to FDRs and other requirements varies


          First-year seminar. Prerequisite: First-year standing.

          2015 Fall SOAN 181-01: FS in Anthropology: Discovering W&L's Origins Using Historical Archaeology (3). First-year seminar. Prerequisite: First-year class standing. An introduction to the practice of historical archaeology using Liberty Hall Academy and our ongoing excavations there as a case study. With archaeological excavation and documentary research as our primary sources, students use several software packages common in the archaeological sciences and approaches from the digital humanities to analyze our data and to explore the range of questions and answers that these data and methods of analysis make possible. Hands-on experience with data and its analysis is the focus of this course, with students working together in small groups deciding how to interpret their findings about the University's early history to a public audience. The final project is a museum-quality display of our research installed on campus. (SS4) Gaylord.

           

        • SOAN 206 - Archaeology

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2017 and alternate years


          An examination of anthropologically-oriented archaeology. Specific subjects to be considered will include the history of the subdiscipline, theoretical developments, field techniques, substantive contributions for the prehistoric and historic subareas and recent developments in theory and methodology.

        • SOAN 207 - Biological Anthropology

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2017 and alternate years


          This course considers the emergence and evolution of Homo sapiens from fossil, archaeological, and genetic evidence. The class focuses on evolutionary mechanisms; selective pressures for key human biological and behavioral patterns, such as bipedalism, intelligence, altruism, learned behavior, and expressive culture; relations among prehuman species; the human diaspora; and modern human diversity, particularly "racial" variation. The course also examines theories from sociobiology and evolutionary psychology about motivations for modern human behaviors.

        • SOAN 223 - Social Sciences and Religion

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2017 and alternate years


          Scholars still debate the appropriate relationship between social science and religion, with the two most extreme positions assuming the impossibility of a social science of religion, on the one hand, and denial of the validity of religious claims, on the other. Beginning with an examination of the fundamental debates regarding the nature and goals of social scientific inquiry, we examine classical and contemporary analyses of religion in psychology, sociology, and anthropology. The major social scientific paradigms - materialist, functionalist, and phenomenological - differ in their implications for understanding and explaining religious phenomena; they provide the context for consideration of questions of reductionism, explanation vs. understanding, insider vs. outsider orientations, and the nature and limits to truth claims made both by social scientists and religious devotees and scholars.

        • SOAN 224 - American Indian Religions, Landscapes, and Identities (REL 224)

          FDR: HU
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2016 and alternate years


          Drawing on a combination of scholarly essays, native accounts, videos, guest lectures, and student presentations, this seminar examines the religious assumptions and practices that bind American Indian communities to their traditional homelands. The seminar elucidates and illustrates those principles concerning human environmental interactions common to most Indian tribes; focuses on the traditional beliefs and practices of a particular Indian community that reflected and reinforced the community's understanding of the relationship to be maintained with the land and its creatures; and examines the moral and legal disputes that have arisen out of the very different presuppositions which Indians and non-Indians hold regarding the environment.

        • SOAN 232 - Historical Archaeology

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2016 and alternate years


          This course considers the discipline of historical archaeology from developmental, theoretical, methodological, and substantive perspectives. Beginning with the age of European exploration and continuing through modern times, this course surveys archaeological approaches to understanding social relations, class structures, and economic strategies among people of diverse ethnicities in North America, South America, Europe, Africa, and Australia. Students become familiar with prominent theoretical orientations within historical archaeology, debates about archaeologists' ethical obligations, and methodological developments in fieldwork and artifact research.

        • SOAN 238 - Anthropology of American History (HIST 238)

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall 2017 and alternate years


          Prerequisite: Instructor consent.

          This course explores issues within historic American communities that ethnographers often investigate among living groups, including cultural values, religious ideologies, class structures, kinship networks, gender roles, and interethnic relations. Although the communities of interest in this course ceased to exist generations ago, many of their characteristic dynamics are accessible through such means as archaeology, architectural history, and the study of documents. Case studies include early English settlement in Plymouth, Massachusetts; the 18th-century plantation world of Virginia and South Carolina; the post-Revolutionary Maine frontier; and 19th-century California.

        • SOAN 240 - Food, Culture, and Society

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall 2015 and alternate years


          This course explores connections among food, culture, and society. Food has been an essential way that individuals and societies define themselves, especially now in our ever globalizing world, as cultural anthropology continues to be a central discipline guiding this field of study. Students review some of the classic symbolic and structural analyses of gastro-politics. We explore relationships between fast-food/globalized taste vs. the Slow Food Movement/localized taste, and delve into socioeconomic and political practices behind the production and consumption of coffee, milk products, and alcoholic beverages. Students investigate relationships among cooking/eating and race, gender, and sexuality, and discuss community food justice. Opportunities to experience the Rockbridge area food scene are integrated into the syllabus.

        • SOAN 243 - Imaging Tibet (ARTH 243)

          FDR: HA
          Credits: 4
          Planned Offering: Spring 2016


          An examination of images and imaging practices of the early 1900s to the present in order to define and analyze the ways in which both Western and Asian (particularly Tibetan and Chinese) artists have imagined Tibet and its people.

        • SOAN 252 - Language, Culture, and Communication

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2016 and alternate years


          This course surveys anthropological approaches to understanding the intersections among language, culture and society. Topics include non-human communication systems, the origins of human language, and methods of establishing historical relationships among languages. Formal linguistic analysis receives some attention, but the greatest part of the course concerns language in sociocultural contexts. Examples of linguistic phenomena in ethnographic perspective are drawn from people around the world, including the Gullah, the Apache, and the Bedouin of Egypt.

        • SOAN 255 - Terror and Violence in Anthropological Perspective

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Not offered in 2015-16


          This course investigates violence and terror in historical and contemporary societies. We discuss the various causes, methods, and effects of violence and terror, and then look at how anthropologists have documented, challenged, and even condoned such processes.

        • SOAN 260 - Conflicts in Eurasi Globalization, New States, and Soviet Legacies

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Not offered in 2015-16


          In this course, students learn how to apply anthropology and a wide range of other disciplinary techniques to understand and attempt to solve post-socialist problems. Students do independent research on issues relevant to their main areas of course work. We explore how ethnographic fieldwork and cultural theory provide key information about how people in Eurasia relate to daily conflicts through common past socialist experiences and new interactions with globalization, transnational movements, and the world market. Throughout the term, we discuss differences and similarities, advantages and disadvantages of various disciplinary approaches to key conflicts in the region. Topics include crime, the emerging marketplace, poverty, health, gender, and ethnic conflict. We study Eurasia via issues rather than geography, and we focus intensely on the transnational effects of wars in Chechnya and Afghanistan. The class reads material from anthropology and other disciplines and watches several documentaries.

        • SOAN 275 - Feminist Anthropology

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2016 and alternate years


          This course covers the complex and sometimes "awkward" relationship between feminism and anthropology. We explore topics such as the place of feminist theory and politics within the discipline of anthropology, the problems involved in being a feminist and an anthropologist, and the creation of feminist ethnography.

        • SOAN 277 - Seminar in Medical Anthropology

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter


          Despite radical differences in theory and procedure, the diagnosis and treatment of diseases are human cultural universals. This seminar first examines the beliefs and practices that comprise the medical systems found among a wide variety of non-western peoples. We then investigates the responses of a number of non-western communities to the introduction of western, biomedical practices. We finish by considering such ethical issues as whether or not non-western peoples who supply western doctors and pharmacologists with knowledge of curing agents should be accorded intellectual property rights over this information; in what situations, if any, should western medical personnel impose biomedical treatments on populations; and should anthropologists make use of indigenous peoples as medical trial subjects as was allegedly done by Napoleon Chagnon.

        • SOAN 285 - Introduction to American Indian Religions (REL 285)

          FDR: HU
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall


          This class introduces students to some of the dominant themes, values, beliefs, and practices found among the religions of North America's Indian peoples. The first part of the course explores the importance of sacred power, landscape, and community in traditional Indian spiritualities and rituals. It then examines some of the changes that have occurred in these traditions as a result of western expansion and dominance from the 18th through early 20th centuries. Lastly, the course considers some of the issues and problems confronting contemporary American Indian religions.

        • SOAN 286 - Land in American Indian Culture, Religion, and History

          Credits: 4
          Planned Offering: Spring 2016 and alternate years


          This class focuses on the religious, cultural, and historical dimensions of a selected American Indian nation and ties to its lands as they found expression in the beliefs and practices of its pre- and post-reservation communities. The specific themes that the seminar will address are: 1) Lands, Culture, and Cosmology; 2) Lands, Subsistence, and Ceremony; and 3) Land in the Nation's History; and 4) Sacred Landscape and Contestation.  The course may cover the Lakota Sioux, Cherokee, or other Indian nation. Topic for 2014:

        • SOAN 288 - Childhood

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall 2016 and alternate years


          This course explores the experience of childhood cross culturally, investigating how different societies conceptualize what it means to be a child. Our readings progress through representations of the lifecycle, starting with a discussion of conception, and moving through issues pertaining to the fetus, infants, children, and adolescents. We discuss socialization, discipline, emotion, education, gender, and sexuality, with special attention given to the effects of war, poverty, social inequality, and disease on children and youth.

           

        • SOAN 291 - Special Topics in Anthropology

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit


          A discussion of a series of topics of anthropological concern. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

          Fall 2015 topic:

          2015 Fall SOAN 291-01: Seminar in American Indian Ethnohistory (3). No prerequisite. One of the major goals of modern ethnohistory is to use historical and anthropological methods to uncover the understandings that non-western peoples have of their own histories. This seminar introduces students to the theoretical and methodological principles of ethnohistorical research and their application to North American Indian peoples. Students first study American Indian conceptions of time and their relationship to the criteria by which tribal communities selected and comprehended the events comprising their histories. We then examine how Indian tribes from different parts of North America, including the Southwest, Northeast, Southeast, and Plains interpreted, evaluated, and responded to their encounters with colonial and the United States governments. Markowitz.

           

        • SOAN 377 - Field Methods in Archaeology

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 4
          Planned Offering: Spring


          Fieldwork in archaeology. The student participates in all phases of ongoing archaeological projects. Students who have successfully completed SOAN 206 (old ANTH 205) are assured of a place in SOAN 377. With the supervision of the instructor, students may take ANTH 377 more than once. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • SOAN 378 - Archaeological Field Survey Techniques

          Credits: 4
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit


          Prerequisite: Instructor consent.

          The course is designed to provide the student with an opportunity to engage in archaeological field survey in Rockbridge County. Classroom meetings concerning the theory and methods of modern archaeological survey are supplemented by field research concerning sites of historic and prehistoric significance.

        • SOAN 391 - Special Topics in Anthropology

          Credits: 3


          Permission of the department required. Topics and prerequisites to be arranged.

          A discussion of a series of topics of anthropological concern. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

      • One additional course in sociology chosen from the following:
        • SOAN 180 - FS: First-Year Seminar in Sociology

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered occasionally. Each first-year seminar topic is approved by the Dean of The College and the Committee on Courses and Degrees. Applicability to FDRs and other requirements varies


          First-year seminar. Prerequisite: First-year standing.

          First-year seminar.

        • SOAN 202 - Contemporary Social Problems

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2016 and alternate years


          A study of the relationship of social problems to the cultural life and social structure of American society. An analysis of the causes, consequences, and possible solutions to selected social problems in American society.

        • SOAN 205 - Power and Status: An Introduction to Social Influence

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2017 and alternate years


          This seminar explores the fundamental sociological concepts of "power" and "status" and how they are related to social influence. Power and status undergird social inequality on both a macro and a micro level. Students view the types, uses, and consequences of power and status differences through a structural social psychological lens, while analyzing leadership in organizational contexts. Students compare the nature of "power" versus "status" and investigate the ways power and status 1) parallel, 2) differ, and 3) interact with one another in theory and in practice of creating, maintaining, and changing our social world. Students are asked to think creatively about what role status and power dynamics have in shaping all aspects of everyday social life, particularly their lives at W&L.

        • SOAN 212 - Theories of Social Psychology

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall 2016 and alternate years


          An introduction to three major paradigms present in the sociological tradition of social psychology. The course examines social structure and personality, structural social psychology and symbolic interactionist framework. The three paradigmatic approaches are used to understand how macro-level processes influence micro-level social interaction and vice versa.

        • SOAN 221 - Sociology of Religion (REL 221)

          FDR: HU
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit


          Theories of the origin and functions of religion; institutionalization of religious belief, behavior, and social organization; and conditions in which religion maintains social stability; and/or generates social change.

        • SOAN 225 - Peoples of Central Europe Through Literature and Film

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 4
          Planned Offering: Spring 2017 and alternate years


          This course provides basic information about the citizens of the Central European nations of Poland, the Czech Republic, and Hungary. The beliefs, attitudes, and value systems of the people of Central Europe are studied using core textbook readings supplemented by feature films, video materials, novels, short stories, plays, and poetry. Class discussions focus on interpreting these works of art in the context of comparative, historical-sociological analysis of the Polish, Czech, and Hungarian cultures and societies.

        • SOAN 228 - Race and Ethnic Relations

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall


          Prerequisite: At least junior standing. Instructor consent required.

          An analysis of minority groups in America. Theories of ethnicity are examined focusing on the relationship between class and ethnicity, and on the possible social and biological significance of racial differences. Attention is also given to prejudice and discrimination, as well as to consideration of minority strategies to bring about change.

        • SOAN 232 - Historical Archaeology

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2016 and alternate years


          This course considers the discipline of historical archaeology from developmental, theoretical, methodological, and substantive perspectives. Beginning with the age of European exploration and continuing through modern times, this course surveys archaeological approaches to understanding social relations, class structures, and economic strategies among people of diverse ethnicities in North America, South America, Europe, Africa, and Australia. Students become familiar with prominent theoretical orientations within historical archaeology, debates about archaeologists' ethical obligations, and methodological developments in fieldwork and artifact research.

        • SOAN 234 - Nations and Nationalism (HIST 234)

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit


          This course examines the rise and global spread of national identity over the last five centuries by considering cases from Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas and using these to test major theories of nationalism from history and the social sciences. Major questions considered include the following: What, if any, are the empirically identifiable relationships between national identity and other major dimensions of "modernization," such as the rise of the modern state and industrial capitalism? Is nationalism a cause, consequence, or victim of "globalization"? Can we construct a theory of the spread of national identity that not only makes sense of macro-level patterns but also articulates clear "microfoundations" and identifiable causal mechanisms?

        • SOAN 245 - European Politics and Society (POL 245)

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall 2016 and alternate years


          A comparative analysis of European political systems and social institutions. The course covers the established democracies of western and northern Europe, the new democracies of southern and east-central Europe, and the post-Communist regimes in eastern and southeastern Europe. Mechanisms of European integration are also discussed with attention focused on institutions such as European Union, NATO, OSCE, and Council of Europe.

        • SOAN 246 - Post-Communism and New Democracies (POL 246)

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall 2017 and alternate years


          A comparative analysis of transition from Communism in the countries of the former Soviet bloc. Cases of successful and unsuccessful transitions to civil society, pluralist democracy, and market economy are examined. The comparative framework includes analysis of transition from non-Communist authoritarianism and democratic consolidation in selected countries of Latin America, the Mediterranean, Southeast Asia, and South Africa.

        • SOAN 251 - Social Movements (POL 251)

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter


          Prerequisites: POL 100, 105 or 111 or instructor consent.

          A survey of American social movements, including an evaluation of competing theoretical approaches to the study of social movements and an examination of the strategies, successes, failures, and political and social consequences of the civil rights, labor, student, and women's movements. Close attention is given to factors contributing to the rise and decline of these movements.

        • SOAN 262 - The Sociology of Culture

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Not offered in 2015-16


          This course introduces research and theory in the sociology of culture. Explores such questions as: What is culture? What is the relationship between culture and society? How and why does culture change? In addition to these questions, topics covered include an examination of the various theoretical approaches to culture; the relationship between high and popular culture and the debate over cultural boundaries; the production, distribution and consumption of culture; national culture and national identity; globalization; and the intersections between culture and class, gender, ethnicity and race. Special attention will be paid to examining key cultural forms, such as television, fashion, music, advertising, museums, art, and literature.

        • SOAN 270 - Deviance

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter


          An examination of theories of deviance from a sociological perspective. Particular emphasis is placed on the causes of deviant acts and on the social processes utilized in evaluating these behaviors. Theoretical applications are made to crime and mental illness.

        • SOAN 272 - Social Revolutions (POL 272)

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit


          Prerequisite: SOAN 101, 102, or instructor consent.

          This seminar provides an in depth exploration of a variety of social revolutions. The overarching goal of the course is to discern whether or not a single "theory of revolutions" can be constructed. Are there common patterns to be observed in (and common causes behind) events as separated by time, place, and ideology as the 17th-century "Glorious Revolution" in England, the French Revolution, Latin American revolutions (including the Wars of Independence and the Mexican Revolution), the Russian Revolution, and more recent events such as the revolution that brought the current regime in Iran to power? To this end, students read and discuss a variety of such theories that have been put forward by sociologists, historians, and political scientists and then consider case studies of the aforementioned social revolutions in order to scrutinize these theories.

        • SOAN 276 - Art & Science of Survey Research

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit


          Prerequisite: Sociology 102 or instructor consent.

          This course is designed as a group research project devoted to the art and the science of survey research. Students prepare a list of hypotheses, select indicators, construct a questionnaire, conduct interviews, analyze data, and write research reports. When appropriate, the course may include service-learning components (community-based research projects).  

        • SOAN 280 - Gender and Sexuality

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter


          An anthropological and sociological investigation of sex roles in preliterate and modern societies. Special consideration is given to the role of innate sexual differences, cultural variation, technology, and power in determining patterns of male dominance. Emphasis is placed on real and mythical female and male power in the context of changing relationships between men and women in American society.

        • SOAN 281 - Adolescence Under the Microscope

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 4
          Planned Offering: Spring


          This course focuses on adolescence through the lens of social psychology. Insights from sociology, anthropology, and psychology are employed to explicate the adolescent experience in the United States in contrast to other societies. Topics include: the impact of liminality on adolescent identity in cross-cultural perspective; adolescence as objective reality or cultural fiction; adolescence and peer relations, gender and suicide; and new technologies and virtual adolescence. Each student engages in a research project focusing on adolescence and identity through either interviews or observational techniques. The final project is a group analysis of adolescence as reflected in Facebook.

        • SOAN 289 - Sociology of the Self, Self-Help, and the Pursuit of Happiness

          FDR: SS4
          Credits: 4
          Planned Offering: Spring (not offered in 2015-16)


          Prerequisite: SOAN 101, 102, or instructor consent.

          Beginning with a survey of sociological theories of modernity and modern identities, the course moves to a consideration of empirical scholarly claims that modern identity is somehow problematic, and modern persons somehow especially 'world-open' and incomplete. In trying to understand the emergence of social movements oriented toward 'helping' and 'healing' the self, the following questions are considered: What sociological conditions underlie these movements? Do they have analogues in other times and places or are they tightly linked to the conditions of 'modern' societies? If, in the end, 'self help' aims to address problems that are sociological at root, can we expect its remedies to be useful? Are any non-individualized solutions to the problems lying behind a felt need for 'self help' possible? This course meets once a week with REL 205: Self-Help and PSYC 300: The Pursuit of Happiness in a seminar where students become teachers and lead a class in which we all discuss together the work we have done separately during the week. In this way, students become part of a broad learning community that cuts across the many disciplines and divisions that make up the university.

        • SOAN 290 - Special Topics in Sociology

          Credits: 3 in Fall or Winter, 4 in Spring
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit


          A discussion of a series of topics of sociological concern. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • SOAN 256 - The History of Violence in America (HIST 361)

          FDR: HU
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2015 and alternate years


          Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing.

          An examination of the social origins, evolution, and major forms of extralegal, violent conflict in the United States, including individual and collective violence and conflict related to race, class, gender, politics, and ethnicity, especially emphasizing the 19th and 20th centuries. Major topics include theories of social conflict, slavery and interracial violence, predatory crime, labor strife, and inter-ethnic violence.

        • SOAN 367 - Seminar in American Social History (HIST 367)

          FDR: HU
          Credits: 4
          Planned Offering: Spring 2016 and alternate years


          Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing.

          An examination of selected topics in the social history of the United States. Requirements include a major research paper based on original source material. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.
           

        • SOAN 390 - Special Topics in Sociology

          Credits: 3


          Prerequisite: May vary by topic.

          A discussion of a series of topics of sociological concern. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

          Fall 2015 topic:

          SOAN 390: Microsociology (3). Prerequsite: One course in Sociology/ Anthropology. The focus of this seminar is on the intricacies of social interaction. Particular emphasis is placed on three theoretical approaches: symbolic interaction, social dramaturgy, and social construction. Each model is examined with regard to the meaning of interaction and the manner in which it operates, with emphasis placed as well on socialization and self-development within the context of social determinism and voluntarism. The seminar concludes with viewing the various interactionist perspectives as elements to be incorporated in developing a more coherent, emergent image of social interaction. Novack.

           

           

  4. Three additional courses chosen from those numbered 200 and above in sociology and anthropology, or, when approved by the department head, in economics, history, philosophy, politics, psychology, religion, or other disciplines.