MRST Major Requirements

2014 - 2015 Catalog

Medieval and Renaissance Studies major leading to BA degree

A major in Medieval and Renaissance Studies leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree requires completion of at least 33 credits as follows:

  1. Students must complete one of the following language sequences:
    1. Six credits at the third-year level in French, German, Italian, Latin, Russian, or Spanish
    2. The FL requirement (i.e. qualified to enter third-year study) in French, German, Italian, Latin, Russian or Spanish and complete the first year of study in a second of these languages
  2. MRST 110 (also, HIST 100 and 101 and REL 101 and 102 are strongly recommended)
  3. 27 credits chosen from courses in the following four areas. Majors must complete four courses in one area, two courses in each of two other areas, and one course in the fourth area.
    1. History and History of Science: CLAS 224; HIST 100, 170, 201, 202, 203, 204, 217, 305, 307; PHYS 150; SPAN 333; and, when appropriate, HIST 229, 395, and 403; INTR 296; MRST 395, 403; PHYS 403; and ROML 295
    2. Literature: ENGL 240, 242, 243, 250, 311, 312, 313, 314, 316, 318, 319, 320, 326, 330; GERM 318; LATN 327; LIT 255; SPAN 210, 211, 220, 312, 320, 322, 323, 333; and, when appropriate, ENGL 299, 380, 403; FREN 341, 403; GERM 395, 403; INTR 296; ITAL 403; LIT 295, 395; MRST 395, 403, ROML 295; and SPAN 397, 403
    3. History of Ideas: ARTH 385; HIST 306, 307; PHIL 221 (CLAS 221), 222; REL 151, 215, 250, 271, 282, 283, 287; SPAN 210, and, when appropriate, FREN 341; HIST 395, 403; INTR 296; MRST 395, 403; PHIL 395, 403; POL 396, 403; REL 180, 260, 350, 403; and ROML 295; SPAN 210
    4. Fine Arts: ARTH 253, 254, 255, 256, 285, 350, 353, 354, 355, 384; MUS 201, 331; and, when appropriate, ARTH 394, 403; INTR 296; MRST 395, 403; MUS 374, 423; and ROML 295
  4. MRST 473 or 493 (3-3).
  1. Students must complete one of the following language sequences:
    • Six credits at the third-year level in French, German, Italian, Latin, Russian, or Spanish
    • The FL requirement (i.e. qualified to enter third-year study) in French, German, Italian, Latin, Russian or Spanish and complete the first year of study in a second of these languages
  2. Required course
    • MRST 110 - Medieval and Renaissance Culture

      FDR: Offered as 110A when HL; or as 110 when HU; depending on topic
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter
      Credits: 3


      An introduction to the interdisciplinary study of the Medieval and Renaissance periods through the study of a particular topic. Recent studies: The Crusades, Monasticism, Chivalry, Elizabethan England, the Birth of Italian Literature, Pilgrimage, and European Encounters with Islam.

      Winter 2015 topic:

      MRST 110 Dreaming in the Middle Ages (3). This course explores a broad range of medieval dream theories and literature of dreaming by authors such as Boethius, Chaucer, Langland, Julian of Norwich, and Shakespeare. Student consider how dream vision functions as a vehicle for understanding the human, the divine, the demonic, and the cosmic. We consider how medieval dream literature engages with romance, epic, devotion and theology, philosophy, allegory, travel narrative, and early science fiction. At the same time. we examine how modern cognitive science and psychoanalysis differ from medieval concepts, and how they might be useful in the reading of medieval texts. (HL) Kao. Winter 2015

    • Also strongly recommended:
      • HIST 100 - European Civilization, 325-1517

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall
        Credits: 3


        An introductory survey, featuring lectures and discussions of European culture, politics, religion and social life, and of Europe's relations with neighboring societies, from the rise of Christianity in Late Antiquity through the Middle Ages and the Italian Renaissance, to the beginnings of the 16th-century Protestant and Catholic Reformations.

      • HIST 101 - European Civilization, 1500-1789

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisite: Open to non-history majors. Instructor consent is required for all history majors

        The rise of capitalism, Renaissance and Reformation, the age of absolutism, and the Enlightenment.

      • REL 101 - Hebrew Bible/Old Testament

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Credits: 3


        An introduction to the history, literature and interpretation of the Hebrew Scriptures (Old Testament).

      • REL 102 - New Testament

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall
        Credits: 3


        An introduction to the history, literature and interpretation of the New Testament.

  3. 27 credits chosen from courses in the following four areas.
  4. Majors must complete four courses in one area, two courses in each of two other areas, and one course in the fourth area.

    • History and History of Science:
      • CLAS 224 - The World of Late Antiquity

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Not offered in 2014-2015
        Credits: 3


        This course introduces students to the historical period between the close of the ancient world and the rise of the Middle Ages ca. 250 to 650 AD). Students read primary sources and explore the historical evidence in order to investigate the reigning historical model of "Decline and Fall" inherited from Edward Gibbon and others, and study the development of Christianity and Judaism during this period. Finally, the course investigates the formation of Europe and the rise of Islam.

      • HIST 100 - European Civilization, 325-1517

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall
        Credits: 3


        An introductory survey, featuring lectures and discussions of European culture, politics, religion and social life, and of Europe's relations with neighboring societies, from the rise of Christianity in Late Antiquity through the Middle Ages and the Italian Renaissance, to the beginnings of the 16th-century Protestant and Catholic Reformations.

      • HIST 170 - History of Islamic Civilization I: Origins to 1500

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall 2014 and alternate years
        Credits: 3


        This course surveys the political, social, and cultural history of the Islamic World from the 7th to 15th centuries, with particular attention paid to the diverse geographical and cultural contexts in which pre-modern Islamic civilization flourished. Topics include the origins of Islam in late Antiquity; the development of Islamic religious, political, and cultural institutions; the flourishing of medieval Islamic education, science, and literature; the tension among state, ethnic, sectarian, and global Muslim identities; and the emergence of a distinctly Muslim approach to historiography.

      • HIST 201 - Europe in the Early Middle Ages, 325-1198

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Credits: 3


        Examines, through lectures and discussions, the culture and society of late Roman antiquity; the rise of Christianity and the formation of the Western church; Europe's relations with Byzantium and Islam, Germanic culture, monasticism, Charlemagne's empire; the Vikings, feudalism, manorialism, agriculture and the rise of commerce; gender roles and family structures; warfare and the Crusades; the growth of the papacy and feudal monarchies, the conflict between church and state; the revival of legal studies and theology; and the development of chivalric and romantic ideals in the cultural renewal of the 11th and 12th centuries.

      • HIST 202 - Europe in the Late Middle Ages, 1198-1500

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Credits: 3


        Examines, through lectures and discussions, the high medieval papacy; the rise of new lay religious movements; Franciscans and Dominicans; dissent and heresy; the Inquisition; Jews and minorities; the rise of universities; scholasticism and humanism; the development of law; Parliament and constitutionalism; the Hundred Years War; the Black Death; the papal schism and conciliarism; gender roles; family structures and child rearing; Europe's relations with Islam and Byzantium; and the rise of commerce, cities and urban values, as well as of the "new monarchies."

      • HIST 203 - The Italian Renaissance in Its Historical Setting

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2015
        Credits: 3


        Examines, through lectures and discussions, the Italian Renaissance within the framework of European religious, political and cultural development. The rise and impact of commercial and urban values on religious and political life in the Italian communes to the time of Dante. Cultural and political life in the "despotic" signorie and in republics such as Florence and Venice. The diffusion of Renaissance cultural ideals from Florence to the other republics and courts of 15th-century Italy, to the papacy, and to Christian humanists north of the Alps. Readings from Dante, Petrarch, Leonardo Bruni, Pico della Mirandola and Machiavelli.

      • HIST 204 - The Age of Reformation

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2016
        Credits: 3


        Examines the origins, development, and consequences of the Protestant and Catholic Reformations of the 16th century. The late medieval religious environment; the emergence of new forms of lay religious expression; the impact of urbanization; and the institutional dilemmas of the church. The views of leading reformers, such as Luther, Calvin, and Loyola; and the impact of differing social and political contexts; and technological innovations, such as printing, on the spread of reform throughout Europe. The impact of reform and religious strife on state development and the emergence of doctrines of religious toleration and philosophical skepticism; recent theses and approaches emphasizing "confessionalization," "social discipline," and "microhistory."

      • HIST 217 - History of the British Isles to 1688

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall 2014
        Credits: 3


        This course considers 1,600 years of British history, from the coming of the Romans to the Revolution of 1688. It focuses on the major events and most momentous political, cultural, and social changes that shaped the lives of people throughout the British Isles. Topics covered include the introduction and development of Christianity, Viking invasions, the Scottish wars of independence, the evolution of parliament, the Black Death, the War of the Roses, the Protestant Reformation, the witch-trials, the beginnings of the British Empire, and the revolutions of the seventeenth century.

      • HIST 305 - Seminar: Religion, Church, and Politics in Medieval and Renaissance Society

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisite: HIST 100, 201, 202, or 203, or consent of the instructor.

        The seminar draws on primary and secondary sources to examine the rise of Christianity in Europe, church-state relations, scholastic theology, mendicant piety, lay religious life, mysticism, heresy, humanism, gender and religion, urban and rural contexts, and church reform.

      • HIST 307 - Seminar: The Machiavellian Moment

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 4
        Credits: 4


        A close examination of the republican vision of history and politics elaborated by Machiavelli in his major writings, analyzed in the political, social, religious, literary and artistic contexts of late Renaissance Italy.

      • PHYS 150 - The Immense Journey: Harmonices Mundi

        FDR: SL
        Credits: 4
        Planned Offering: Fall. When departmental resources permit
        Credits: 4


        The classical astronomy of the solar system is traced by a study of Greek astronomy and the revolutionary ideas of Kepler and Newton. The apparent and real motions of the earth, moon, and planets are studied in detail, as well as special phenomena such as eclipses, tides, and objects such as comets and asteroids. Emphasis is on comprehension and application of principles rather than memorization of facts. The laboratory stresses the observational aspects of astronomy. Elementary geometry, algebra, and trigonometry are used in the course. Laboratory course.

      • SPAN 333 - El Cid in History and Legend

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: 2014 and alternate years
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisites: SPAN 220 and SPAN 275.

        A study of the most significant portrayals of the Castilian warrior Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar, El Cid (1045-1099), from his 12th-century biography Historia Roderici to the Hollywood blockbuster El Cid. Epic poems, late medieval ballads, and Renaissance drama all recreate the legendary life of El Cid. This course examines the relevant narratives in an effort to determine the heroic values and attributes recreated by authors and their audiences for nearly a thousand years.

      • And, when appropriate:
        • HIST 229 - Topics in European History

          FDR: HU
          Credits: 3 credit in fall or winter; 4 in spring)
          Credits: 3 credit in fall or winter; 4 in spring)


          A course offered from time to time depending on student interest and staff availability, on a selected topic or problem in European history. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

          Fall 2014 topic:

          HIST 229-01: Seminar: The Age of the Witch Hunts (3). This course introduces students to one of the most fascinating and disturbing events in the history of the Western world: The witch hunts in early modern Europe and North America. Between 1450 and 1750, more than 100,000 individuals, from Russia to Salem, were prosecuted for the crime of witchcraft. Most were women, and more than half were executed. In this course, we examine the political, religious, social and legal reasons behind the trials, asking why they occurred in Europe when they did, and why they finally ended. We also explore, in brief, global witch hunts that still occur today in places like Africa and India, asking how they resemble yet differ from those of the early-modern world. (HU) Brock.

          HIST 229-02: The Great War in History and Literature (3). No prerequisites. To commemorate the 100th anniversary of the outbreak of the First World War, this course analyzes different forms of personal testimony about the experience of that war, including a famous autobiography by a British officer who became an ardent pacifist, Robert Graves, an autobiographical novel by the fiercely patriotic German soldier Ernst Juenger, a collection of poems by British women who worked on the "home front," and a useful theoretical work based on a close reading of hundreds of works by French combat veterans.  In class discussions will seek to develop standards to assess the reliability and historical authenticity of such testimony.  Students will be write three short papers on the required readings and choose another "witness" of special interest to them as the subject for a ten-page term paper.  Students with some background in twentieth-century English, German, or French literature are welcome in this course alongside all those interested in the history of the First World War. (HU) Patch

        • HIST 395 - Advanced Seminar

          FDR: HU
          Credits: 3
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisites: Junior or senior standing, or 15 credits in history, or consent of the instructor. Prerequisites may vary by topic.

          A seminar offered from time to time depending on student interest and staff availability, in a selected topic or problem in history. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

          Fall 2014 topic:

          HIST 395-01: Advanced Seminar: Art and Science from Leonardo Until Today. (3). Prerequisites: Junior or senior standing, or 15 credits in history, or consent of the instructor. Art and science are commonly assumed to be two distinct parts of our culture, requiring different talents, skills and even temperaments, and often taught in separate institutions. This distinction, however, has not always been so clear. In this seminar, we explore common denominators in art and science from Leonardo until today, focusing on the manifold ways in which science has been made part of art and art of science. We single out the Romantic Movement, and highlight great names in the holistic practice of art and science such as Coleridge, Goethe, Alexander von Humboldt, and Ernst Haeckel. Moreover, we address how increasingly possible commonalities in artistic and scientific creativity have been discussed in terms of perception, representation, and the science of the brain. (HU) Rupke.

        • HIST 403 - Directed Individual Study

          Credits: 3
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisites: Cumulative grade-point average of 3.250 in all history courses, completion of three 200- or 300-level history courses, instructor consent., and at least junior standing.

          A course which permits the student to follow a program of directed reading or research in an area not covered in other courses. May be repeated for degree credit each term of the junior and senior year.

        • INTR 296 - Spring Studies in Culture and Society

          FDR: FDR designation to be determined each year
          Credits: 4
          Credits: 4


          A topical seminar that focuses on an interdisciplinary examination of a given society through formal study and direct exposure to its people and culture. The seminar takes place in the target location during the spring term, for which four credits are awarded. May be repeated for credit if the topic and location of the seminar are different.

        • MRST 395 - Seminar in Medieval and Renaissance Studies

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisite: Instructor consent.

          A seminar concentrating on topics or concepts relevant to Medieval and Renaissance studies. Topics are offered according to the interests of participating faculty. This course may be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • MRST 403 - Directed Individual Study

          Credits: 3
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

          Individual study of selected topics in Medieval and Renaissance studies. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • PHYS 403 - Directed Individual Study

          Credits: 3
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

          Advanced work and reading in topics selected by the instructor to fit special needs of advanced students. This course may be repeated with permission for a total of six credits.

        • ROML 295 - Topics in Romance Languages

          Credits: 1-3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit
          Credits: 1-3


          Prerequisites vary with topic.

          Nature and content of the course is determined by the interests of the instructor(s) and student(s). May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


           

    • Literature:
      • ENGL 240 - Arthurian Legend

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2014 and alternate years
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisite: Completion of FW requirement.

        Why does King Arthur continue to fascinate and haunt our cultural imagination? This course surveys the origins and histories of Arthurian literature, beginning with Celtic myths, Welsh tales, and Latin chronicles, followed by medieval French and English traditions, as well as modern Arthurian medievalisms. In addition to historical and literary contexts, we explore theoretical issues surrounding the texts, especially the relationship between history and fantasy, courtly love and adultery, erotic love and madness, romance and chivalry, gender and agency, and Europe and its Others. All texts are read in modern English translation.

      • ENGL 242 - Individual Shakespeare Play

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 4
        Planned Offering: Spring
        Credits: 4


        Prerequisite: Completion of FW requirement.

        A detailed study of a single Shakespearean play, including its sources, textual variants, performance history, film adaptations and literary and cultural legacy. The course includes both performance-based and analytical assignments.

      • ENGL 243 - Performing Shakespeare

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 4
        Planned Offering: Spring in alternate years
        Credits: 4


        Prerequisite: Completion of the FW requirement.

        This class is an immersion in the work of Shakespeare, engaging four of his most prominent plays as literary works but primarily as dramatic performances. We study the tools of stagecraft and performance available to Shakespeare, in an effort to understand how the plays dramatize -- that is, present in a live form -- the issues and questions within their words. We also attend closely to Shakespeare's uses of language and poetic form, to bring into relief the ways his form interweaves with his content to produce the drama. Projects include: a set design assignment; the study of a number of film versions of the plays and written reviews of the films; attending as a class three performances at the American Shakespeare Center in Staunton, with interpretive papers on these performances; two interpretive essays; and a concluding performance of the whole of Hamlet as a live production incorporating all the concepts and materials studied in the course.

      • ENGL 250 - Medieval and Early Modern British Literature

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2014 and alternate years
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisite: Completion of FW requirement.

        This course is a survey of English literature from the Early Middle Ages to the Early Modern period. We read works in various genres--verse, drama, and prose--and understand their specific cultural and historical contexts. We also examine select modern film adaptations of canonical works as part of the evolving history of critical reception.

      • ENGL 311 - History of the English Language

        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2015 and alternate years
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisites: ENGL 299.

        In The Canterbury Tales, Chaucer's Friar can "make his Englissh sweete upon his tonge." this course examines not only the alleged "sweetness" of English but also the evolution of the language from its origins to the present. We study basic terms and concepts of linguistics and trace the changes in structure, pronunciation, and vocabulary from Old English, Middle English, Early Modern English, to Modern English. We consider how historical and cultural forces - invasion, revolution, migration, colonization, and assimilation - shape the language. Moreover, we examine language myths, the construction of "standard" English, issues of correctness, orality, pidgins and creoles, and the variety of Englishes in their diverse configurations. Finally, we ask how new media and technological praxes - hypertext, email, texting, and tweeting - have changed the English language, and if English may or may not be the lingua franca of our increasingly globalized world.

      • ENGL 312 - Gender, Love, and Marriage in the Middle Ages

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall 2014 and alternate years
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisites: ENGL 299.

        A study of the complex nexus of gender, love, and marriage in medieval legal, theological, political, and cultural discourses. Reading an eclectic range of texts--such as romance, hagiography, fabliau, (auto)biography, conduct literature, and drama--we consider questions of desire, masculinity, femininity, and agency, as well as the production and maintenance of gender roles and of emotional bonds within medieval conjugality. Authors include Chaucer, Chretien de Troyes, Heldris of Cornwall, Andreas Cappellanus, Margery Kempe, and Christine de Pisan. Readings in Middle English or in translation. No prior knowledge of medieval languages necessary.

      • ENGL 313 - Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall 2014 and alternate years
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisites: ENGL 299.

        This course considers the primary work on which Chaucer's reputation rests: The Canterbury Tales. We pay sustained attention to Chaucer's Middle English at the beginning of the semester to ease the reading process. Then we travel alongside the Canterbury pilgrims as they tell their tales under the guise of a friendly competition. The Canterbury Tales is frequently read as a commentary on the social divisions in late medieval England, such as the traditional estates, religious professionals and laity, and gender hierarchies. But despite the Tales' professed inclusiveness of the whole of English society, Chaucer nonetheless focuses inordinately on those individuals from the emerging middle classes. Our aim is to approach the Tales from the practices of historicization and theorization; that is, we both examine Chaucer's cultural and historical contexts and consider issues of religion, gender, sexuality, marriage, conduct, class, chivalry, courtly love, community, geography, history, power, spirituality, secularism, traditional authority, and individual experience. Of particular importance are questions of voicing and writing, authorship and readership. Lastly, we think through Chaucer's famous Retraction at the "end" of The Canterbury Tales, as well as Donald R. Howard's trenchant observation that the Tale is "unfinished but complete." What does it mean for the father of literary "Englishness" to end his life's work on the poetic principle of unfulfilled closure and on the image of a society on the move?

      • ENGL 316 - The Tudors

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2014 and alternate years
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisite or corequisite: ENGL 299.

        Famous for his mistresses and marriages, his fickle treatment of courtiers, and his vaunting ambition. Henry VIII did more to change English society and religion than any other king. No one understood Henry's power more carefully than his daughter Elizabeth, who oversaw England's first spy network and jealously guarded her throne from rebel contenders. This course studies the writers who worked for the legendary Tudors. focusing on the love poetry of courtiers, trials and persecution of religious dissidents. plays. and accounts of exploration to the new world. We trace how the ambitions of the monarch. along with religious revolution and colonial expansion. figure in the work of writers like Wyatt, Surrey and Anne Askew; Spenser, Marlowe, Shakespeare and Southwell; and Thomas More and Walter Ralegh.

      • ENGL 318 - Medieval and Renaissance Drama

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2014 and alternate years
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisites: ENGL 299.

        A study of English drama from its origins to the closing of the theaters in 1642; an introduction to the religious and secular drama of the Middle Ages, with emphasis upon the principal plays of the major Tudor and Stuart playwrights-Marlowe, Jonson, Tourneur, Chapman, Middleton, Webster, and Ford.

      • ENGL 319 - Shakespeare and Company

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter in alternate years
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisites: ENGL 299.

        Focusing on the repertory and working conditions of the two play companies with which he was centrally involved, this course examines plays by Shakespeare and several of his contemporary collaborators and colleagues (Jonson, Middleton, Fletcher). Attentive to stage history and the evolution of dramatic texts within print culture, students consider the degree to which Shakespeare was both a representative and an exceptional player in Renaissance London's "show business."

      • ENGL 320 - Shakespearean Genres

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall in alternate years
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisites: ENGL 299.

        In a given term, this course focuses on one or two of the major genres explored by Shakespeare (e.g., histories, tragedies, comedies, tragicomedies/romances, lyric and narrative poetry), in light of Renaissance literary conventions and recent theoretical approaches. Students consider the ways in which Shakespeare's generic experiments are variably inflected by gender, by political considerations, by habitat, and by history.

      • ENGL 326 - 17th-Century Poetry

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall in alternate years
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisites: ENGL 299.

        Readings of lyric and epic poetry spanning the long 16th century, and tracing the development of republican and cavalier literary modes. Genres include the metaphysical poetry of Donne, Herbert, Katherine Philips, and Henry Vaughan; erotic verse by Mary Wroth, Herrick, Thomas Carew, Marvell, Aphra Behn, and the Earl of Rochester; elegy by Jonson and Bradstreet; and epic by Milton.

      • ENGL 330 - Milton

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisites: ENGL 299.

        This course surveys one of the most talented and probing authors of the English language -- a man whose reading knowledge and poetic output has never been matched, and whose work has influenced a host of writers after him, including Alexander Pope, William Blake, William Wordsworth, and Mary Shelley. In this course, we read selections from Milton's literary corpus, drawing from such diverse genres as lyric, drama, epic and prose polemic. Students have the opportunity to read Milton in the context of literary criticism and to place him within his historical milieu, not the least of which includes England's dizzying series of political metamorphoses from Monarchy to Commonwealth, Commonwealth to Protectorate, and Protectorate back to Monarchy.

      • GERM 318 - German Medieval and Renaissance Literature

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2015 and alternate years
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisites: GERM 262 or equivalent.

        An examination of selected works and a study of literary history through the 16th century. Medieval literary readings include the Hildebrandslied, Nibelungenlied, Parzival, and Tristan, as well as the Minnesang. Consideration is also given to the history of the German literary language during the period covered. Conducted in German.

      • LATN 327 - Medieval and Renaissance Writers

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Not offered 2014-2015
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisite: LATN 202 or instructor consent.

        Readings from Augustine, Bede, the Crusader historians, medieval hymns, the Carmina Burana , Petrarch, and texts proposed by students.

      • SPAN 210 - The Road to Santiago

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 4
        Planned Offering: Spring
        Credits: 4


        Prerequisites: SPAN 162, 164 or equivalent, and instructor consent.

        Spring Term Abroad course. A study of Spanish culture and language conducted entirely in Spain. During the first three weeks of the course, students live in Madrid with Spanish-speaking families and study language at Estudio Internacional Sampere. At the same time, students engage in an in-depth study of the history and legend of the eight-centuries-old pilgrimage to the shrine of Santiago de Compostela, the burial site of St James, apostle of Christ. During the last week of the course, students travel to northwestern Spain to visit and study the monuments associated with the Santiago pilgrimage as well as experience the art, architecture, and culture of pilgrimage as they hike the last portion of the trail.

      • SPAN 211 - Spanish Civilization and Culture

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall, Winter
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisite: SPAN 162, 164 or the equivalent in language skills.

        A survey of significant developments in Spanish civilization. The course addresses Spanish heritage and the present-day cultural patterns formed by its legacies. Readings, discussions and papers, primarily in Spanish, for further development of communication skills.

      • SPAN 220 - Introducción a la literatura española

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall, Winter
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisite: SPAN 162 or 164 or equivalent.

        Spanish literary masterpieces from the Poema del Cid through the present. Readings and discussions are primarily in Spanish.

      • SPAN 312 - Medieval Spanish Cultures in Context

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 4
        Planned Offering: Spring
        Credits: 4


        Prerequisite: SPAN 211 or 220 and instructor consent.

        Spring Term Abroad course. Muslims, Jews, and Christians co-existed for eight-hundred years on the Iberian Peninsula. This course examines these diverse cultures through the texts (literary, historical, religious, and philosophical), the art, and the architecture from the period prior to the arrival of the Arabs in 711, up to and beyond the expulsion of the Jews in 1492. The objective of the course is to glean from the remnants of the experience of their co-existence insights into their distinctive characteristics and how they understood and influenced each other.

      • SPAN 320 - Don Quijote

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: 2014-2015 and every third year
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisites: SPAN 220 and SPAN 275.

        Close reading and discussion of this Early Modern novel. May include close reading and discussion of additional narrative and poetic genres of the Golden Age, as represented in or contributing to the Cervantine work

      • SPAN 322 - Spanish Golden-Age Drama

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: 2015-2016 and every third year
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisites: SPAN 220 and SPAN 275.

        Close reading and discussion of a variety of selected Golden Age dramas of the 17th century. Representative dramatists may include Calderón de la Barca, Tirso de Molina, Lope de Vega, and María de Zayas.
         

      • SPAN 323 - Golden Age Spanish Women Writers

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall 2017 and every third year
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisite: SPAN 220 and SPAN 275.

        A study of the comedia and the novela corta and the manner in which the secular women writers inscribe themselves within and beyond these genres. Close reading and discussion of representative works that may include the short stories and plays by María de Zayas, Ana Caro, Leonor de Meneses, Mariana de Carvajal, and Angela de Azevedo.

      • SPAN 333 - El Cid in History and Legend

        FDR: HL
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: 2014 and alternate years
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisites: SPAN 220 and SPAN 275.

        A study of the most significant portrayals of the Castilian warrior Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar, El Cid (1045-1099), from his 12th-century biography Historia Roderici to the Hollywood blockbuster El Cid. Epic poems, late medieval ballads, and Renaissance drama all recreate the legendary life of El Cid. This course examines the relevant narratives in an effort to determine the heroic values and attributes recreated by authors and their audiences for nearly a thousand years.

      • And, when appropriate:
        • ENGL 291 - Seminar

          FDR: HL
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall, Winter
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisites: Completion of FW requirement.

          This course studies a group of works related by theme, by culture, by topic, by genre, or by the critical approach taken to the works. Some recent topics have been the Southern Short Story; Gender and Passion in the 19th-Century Novel; Chivalry, Honor, and the Romance; and Appalachian Literature. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • ENGL 299 - Seminar for Prospective Majors

          FDR: HL
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall, Winter
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisites: Completion of FW composition requirement, at least one course chosen from English courses numbered from 203 to 295.

          A study of a topic in literature issuing in a research process and sustained critical writing. Some recent topics have been Justice in Late Medieval Literature; Tragedy and Comedy; Western American Literature; Emily Dickinson; and Thomas Hardy: Novelist and Poet.

          Fall 2014 Topics:

          ENGL 299-01: Seminar for Prospective Majors: Detective Fiction (3). A close study of the popular sub-genre, detective fiction, culminating in the writing of a research paper. We study detective fiction from the beginnings of the form in the nineteenth century to contemporary examples, touching on the golden age of British detective fiction ("whodunits" and puzzlers), private eyes, hard-boiled detectives, police procedurals, psychological thrillers, and historical and metaphysical mysteries. Authors are selected from among the following: Wilkie Collins, Arthur Conan Doyle, Dorothy Sayers, Raymond Chandler, James M. Cain, Josephine Tey, P. D. James, Ruth Rendell, Paul Auster, Laurie R. King, Walter Mosley, P. B. Kerr, and Alan Bradley. Some authors and modes are represented by film adaptations rather than by novels. (HL) Keen
           

          ENGL 299-02: Seminar: The Native Writes Back:American Indian Literatures and U.S. History (3). "History is written by the victors. Literature is written by the survivors." For most of U.S. history, the voices and testimonies of Native American writers have been absent, silenced, or erased from our textbooks and cultural mythology. With few exceptions, non-natives usually told the Native American story in America. With the start of the Native American Literary Renaissance in the late 1960s, however, Indian writers have been using fiction, memoir, poetry, creative non-fiction, film-making, stand-up comedy, and music to re-write U.S. history from a Native point of view. This course examines specific events in U.S History from a Native American perspective as reflected in Native-authored texts to see how Indians present that re-visioning, how it is translated from various sources into literature, and the effectiveness it has in helping U.S. citizens re-imagine ourselves in contemporary times. (HL) Miranda.

        • ENGL 380 - Advanced Seminar

          FDR: HL
          Credits: 3 in fall or winter, 4 in spring
          Planned Offering: Fall, Winter, Spring
          Credits: 3 in fall or winter, 4 in spring


          Prerequisite: ENGL 299. Enrollment limited.

          A seminar course on a topic, genre, figure, or school (e.g. African-American women's literature, epic film, Leslie Marmon Silko, feminist literary theory) with special emphasis on research and discussion. The topic will be limited in scope to permit study in depth. Student suggestions for topics are welcome. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

          Fall 2014 topics:

          ENGL 380-01: Advanced Seminar: Cormac McCarthy (3). A study of selected works by one of America's most renowned post-modern authors, who treats shocking subjects in an inimitable style. McCarthy has developed gradually over the last 50 years from a struggling writer and auto parts worker too poor to buy toothpaste to a number one box office draw, winner of the Pulitzer Prize, eager candidate for the Nobel Prize, and author of a major motion picture. Our key questions: Why is McCarthy so famous now? How does he do it? What do his works say to us that we are drawn to hear? (HL) Smout. Fall 2014

          ENGL 380-02: Advanced Seminar: Celluloid Shakespeare (3). The films adapted from or inspired by William Shakespeare's plays are a genre unto themselves. We study a selection of films, not focused on their faithfulness to the original playscript, but on the creative choices and meanings of the distinct medium of film. We see how the modern era has transmuted the plays through the lens of contemporary sensibility, politics, and culture--and through this new visual mode of storytelling. This course is very much an exploration of how to interpret and appreciate film broadly, as we learn the concepts and lexicon of film with Shakespeare as our case study. Our methods vary: sometimes we study the play in detail and compare several film versions; or we see a film fresh--without having read the play--to approach it as a work of art on its own terms; or we hear individual reports from students about additional films to expand the repertoire of films we study and enjoy. The films we view range from multiple versions of Hamlet, Macbeth, and A Midsummer Night's Dream, to adaptations of As You Like It and Henry V, to original Shakespeare-inspired films such as Forbidden Planet, A Thousand Acres, and My Own Private Idaho. (HL) Dobin. Fall 2014

          ENGL 380-04: Thrilling Tales: New North American Fiction (3). A study of 21st-century novels and short stories by North American authors. We examine the recent movement of literary fiction into genres traditionally limited to pulp writing. Texts may include: McSweeney's Mammoth Treasury of Thrilling Tales edited by Michael Chabon; Margaret Atwood's Oryx and Crake; Isabel Allende's Zorro; Sherman Alexie's Flight; Octavia Butler's Fledgling; Cormac McCarthy's The Road; Junot Diaz's The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao; Colson Whitehead's Zone One, and Austin Grossman's Soon I Will Be Invincible. (HL) Gavaler. Fall 2014

        • ENGL 403 - Directed Individual Study

          Credits: 3
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisite: Instructor consent.

          A course designed for special students who wish to continue a line of study begun in an earlier advanced course. Their applications approved by the department and accepted by their proposed directors, the students may embark upon directed independent study which must culminate in acceptable papers. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • FREN 341 - La France de l'Ancien Régime

          FDR: HL
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisite: Three courses at the 200 level.

          Readings in French literature and civilization from before the Revolution of 1789. May be repeated for degree credit if the topic is different.

        • FREN 403 - Directed Individual Study

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisites: At least nine credits of 300-level French and consent of the department head. Taught In French.

          Nature and content of course to be determined by students' needs and by instructors acquainted with their earlier preparation and performance. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • GERM 395 - Seminar

          FDR: HL
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisite: GERM 312 and instructor consent.

          A seminar on a particular author, period, or genre. The subject changes annually. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different. Conducted in German.

        • GERM 403 - Directed Individual Study

          Credits: 3
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisites: Instructor consent.

          A course that permits students to follow a program of directed reading or research. The nature and content of the course is determined by their needs and by the instructors acquainted with their earlier preparation and performance. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • INTR 296 - Spring Studies in Culture and Society

          FDR: FDR designation to be determined each year
          Credits: 4
          Credits: 4


          A topical seminar that focuses on an interdisciplinary examination of a given society through formal study and direct exposure to its people and culture. The seminar takes place in the target location during the spring term, for which four credits are awarded. May be repeated for credit if the topic and location of the seminar are different.

        • ITAL 403 - Directed Individual Study

          FDR: HL: only when the subject is literary
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisite: Permission of the department head.

          Advanced study in Italian. The nature and content of the course is determined by the students' needs and by an evaluation of their previous work. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • LIT 295 - Special Topics in Literature in Translation

          FDR: HL
          Credits: 3 credits in Fall or Winter; 4 credits in Spring
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit
          Credits: 3 credits in Fall or Winter; 4 credits in Spring


          Prerequisites: Completion of FW requirement.

          A selected topic focusing on a particular author, genre, motif or period in translation. The specific topic is determined by the interests of the individual instructor. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • MRST 395 - Seminar in Medieval and Renaissance Studies

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisite: Instructor consent.

          A seminar concentrating on topics or concepts relevant to Medieval and Renaissance studies. Topics are offered according to the interests of participating faculty. This course may be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • MRST 403 - Directed Individual Study

          Credits: 3
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

          Individual study of selected topics in Medieval and Renaissance studies. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • ROML 295 - Topics in Romance Languages

          Credits: 1-3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit
          Credits: 1-3


          Prerequisites vary with topic.

          Nature and content of the course is determined by the interests of the instructor(s) and student(s). May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


           

        • SPAN 397 - Peninsular Seminar

          FDR: HL
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall, Winter
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisites: SPAN 220 and SPAN 275.

          A seminar focusing on a single period, genre, motif, or writer. The specific topic will be determined jointly according to student interest and departmental approval. Recent topics have included "The Female Voice in Hispanic Literature," "19th- and 20th-Century Spanish drama," "Women Writers of the Golden Age," and "Romanticism and the Generation of '98." May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

          Fall 2014 topic:

          SPAN 397: Peninsular Seminar: Medieval Spanish Literature. (3): Prerequisites: SPAN 220 and SPAN 275. This course surveys the major works of Medieval Spanish literature, taking into account the widest possible sampling of literary forms and authors, from the first literary text in Castilian Spanish, Cantar de mio Cid (c. 1207), Galician-Portuguese lyric poetry, Marian miracle stories, wisdom literature, satirical verse, pre-Renaissance love lyric, and the parody of courtly-love drama La Celestina (1499). The texts are read in their original language, with translations to English and vocabulary aids to assist in comprehension as needed. (HL) Bailey.

        • SPAN 403 - Directed Individual Study

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisites: At least nine credits of 300-level Spanish and permission of the department head. Taught in Spanish.

          Nature and content of course to be determined by students' needs and by instructors acquainted with their earlier preparation and performance. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

    • History of Ideas:
      • ARTH 385 - Leonardo da Vinci: Art, Science and Innovation in Renaissance Europe

        FDR: HA
        Credits: 4
        Planned Offering: Spring 2014 and alternate years
        Credits: 4


        Leonardo da Vinci has for years been considered the consummate "Renaissance Man," equally skilled as a painter, anatomist, engineer, and military scientist. This course examines the contextual background from which this true genius was sprung, the works he produced, the people for whom he produced them, and the visions of the artist both realized and unrealized that have captured the imaginations of people around the world since Leonardo 's death in 1519.

      • HIST 306 - Seminar: Medieval and Renaissance Political Thought

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisite: HIST 100, 201, 202, or 203, or instructor consent.

        The seminar draws on primary and secondary sources to survey the evolution of legal and political thought from St. Augustine to Machiavelli. Topics include church-state relations, scholasticism, the revivals of Greek and Roman thought, and humanism. Readings include St. Augustine, John of Salisbury, Thomas Aquinas, Marsilius of Padua, Leonardo Bruni, and Niccolò Machiavelli.

      • HIST 307 - Seminar: The Machiavellian Moment

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 4
        Credits: 4


        A close examination of the republican vision of history and politics elaborated by Machiavelli in his major writings, analyzed in the political, social, religious, literary and artistic contexts of late Renaissance Italy.

      • PHIL 221 - Plato (CLAS 221)

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Alternate years
        Credits: 3


        An in-depth examination of the philosophy of Plato. We look at Plato's epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of mind, ethics, and political philosophy through a careful analysis of several dialogues, including some or all of the following: Euthyphro, Laches, Apology, Gorgias, Meno, Phaedo, Symposium, Phaedrus, and Republic. In addition, we consider certain challenges posed by Plato's use of the dialogue form, such as whether we are justified in assuming that Socrates is a mouthpiece for Plato's own views, and how we should interpret Plato's frequent appeal to myths and other literary devices within his dialogues. 

      • PHIL 222 - Aristotle

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Offered occasionally
        Credits: 3


        A study of Aristotle's comprehensive philosophy of man and nature, including his logic, physics, metaphysics, psychology, ethics, and aesthetics.

      • REL 108 - The Qur'an

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall 2014 and alternate years
        Credits: 3


        This course approaches the Qur'an from a range of modern and pre-modern perspectives: as an oral recitation; as a material object; as a historical document; as a literary text; as it relates to the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament; as a foundation for Islamic law, theology and mysticism; and as a source for ethics and social activism. Particular attention is devoted to issues of gender and politics raised by the Qur'an, supplemented by a number of film screenings. Prior knowledge of Islam is not required.

      • REL 151 - Christianity and Culture Before 1500

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Credits: 3


        This course introduces students to Christian thought and culture in the period roughly from Augustine to the high Middle Ages. Course materials include primary texts, exemplary images, and important works of modern scholarship reflecting on the significance of the Christian materials.

      • REL 215 - Female and Male in Western Religious Traditions

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Credits: 3


        An investigation of views about the body, human sexuality, and gender in Western religious traditions, especially Judaism and Christianity, and of the influences of these views both on the religious traditions themselves and on the societies in which they develop. The course focuses on religion and society in antiquity and the Middle Ages, but also considers the continuing influence of religious constructions of the body and sexuality on succeeding generations to the present.

      • REL 250 - Early Christian Thought: Orthodoxy and Heresy

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2016
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisite: REL 102 or instructor consent.

        An exploration of the uncertain boundaries between orthodoxy and heresy in early Christian movements. Questions addressed include, "Who decides what is orthodox and what is heretical, how are these decisions made, and what impact do they have on institutional structures? What perennial problems in Christian thought and practice emerge in the early debates about orthodoxy and heresy, and how are those problems being addressed today?" Readings include selections from the Hebrew Scriptures, the New Testament, "Gnostic gospels" and other so-called heretical texts, writings from the Church Fathers (with special attention to St. Augustine) and recent scholarly treatments of orthodoxy and heresy.

      • REL 283 - Sufism: Islamic Mysticism

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Credits: 3


        This course explores the mystical expressions and institutions known as Sufism within the Islamic community. Topics include the elaboration of Sufism from the core tenets of Islam; Sufi practices of ecstasy and discipline; the artistic and literary products of the Sufi experience; the institutions of Sufi orders, saints, shrines, and popular practices; and the debates among Muslims over the place of Sufism within the greater tradition of Islam.

      • REL 287 - Central Asian Islam and the Religions of the Silk Road

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Not offered in 2011-2012
        Credits: 3


        Central Asia has long been a crossroads of peoples and ideas, connecting India, China, the Middle East, and the northern steppes of what is now Russia. This course explores this region's rich religious history and diversity in three parts: the religions of the ancient "Silk Road"" (including Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Christianity, and Manichaeism); Islam's arrival in Central Asia and how Islam was transformed in the process; and the response of Central Asia's modern Muslim communities to the advent of colonialism, Communism, Economic Liberalism, and politically-mobilized Islam.

      • SPAN 210 - The Road to Santiago

        FDR: HU
        Credits: 4
        Planned Offering: Spring
        Credits: 4


        Prerequisites: SPAN 162, 164 or equivalent, and instructor consent.

        Spring Term Abroad course. A study of Spanish culture and language conducted entirely in Spain. During the first three weeks of the course, students live in Madrid with Spanish-speaking families and study language at Estudio Internacional Sampere. At the same time, students engage in an in-depth study of the history and legend of the eight-centuries-old pilgrimage to the shrine of Santiago de Compostela, the burial site of St James, apostle of Christ. During the last week of the course, students travel to northwestern Spain to visit and study the monuments associated with the Santiago pilgrimage as well as experience the art, architecture, and culture of pilgrimage as they hike the last portion of the trail.

      • And, when appropriate:
        • FREN 341 - La France de l'Ancien Régime

          FDR: HL
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisite: Three courses at the 200 level.

          Readings in French literature and civilization from before the Revolution of 1789. May be repeated for degree credit if the topic is different.

        • HIST 395 - Advanced Seminar

          FDR: HU
          Credits: 3
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisites: Junior or senior standing, or 15 credits in history, or consent of the instructor. Prerequisites may vary by topic.

          A seminar offered from time to time depending on student interest and staff availability, in a selected topic or problem in history. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

          Fall 2014 topic:

          HIST 395-01: Advanced Seminar: Art and Science from Leonardo Until Today. (3). Prerequisites: Junior or senior standing, or 15 credits in history, or consent of the instructor. Art and science are commonly assumed to be two distinct parts of our culture, requiring different talents, skills and even temperaments, and often taught in separate institutions. This distinction, however, has not always been so clear. In this seminar, we explore common denominators in art and science from Leonardo until today, focusing on the manifold ways in which science has been made part of art and art of science. We single out the Romantic Movement, and highlight great names in the holistic practice of art and science such as Coleridge, Goethe, Alexander von Humboldt, and Ernst Haeckel. Moreover, we address how increasingly possible commonalities in artistic and scientific creativity have been discussed in terms of perception, representation, and the science of the brain. (HU) Rupke.

        • HIST 403 - Directed Individual Study

          Credits: 3
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisites: Cumulative grade-point average of 3.250 in all history courses, completion of three 200- or 300-level history courses, instructor consent., and at least junior standing.

          A course which permits the student to follow a program of directed reading or research in an area not covered in other courses. May be repeated for degree credit each term of the junior and senior year.

        • INTR 296 - Spring Studies in Culture and Society

          FDR: FDR designation to be determined each year
          Credits: 4
          Credits: 4


          A topical seminar that focuses on an interdisciplinary examination of a given society through formal study and direct exposure to its people and culture. The seminar takes place in the target location during the spring term, for which four credits are awarded. May be repeated for credit if the topic and location of the seminar are different.

        • MRST 395 - Seminar in Medieval and Renaissance Studies

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisite: Instructor consent.

          A seminar concentrating on topics or concepts relevant to Medieval and Renaissance studies. Topics are offered according to the interests of participating faculty. This course may be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • MRST 403 - Directed Individual Study

          Credits: 3
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

          Individual study of selected topics in Medieval and Renaissance studies. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • PHIL 395 - Advanced Seminar

          FDR: HU
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall, Winter
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisites: Usually one course in philosophy other than PHIL 170. Varies by topic.

          An intensive and critical study of selected issues or major figures in philosophy. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • PHIL 403 - Directed Individual Study

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall, Winter
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisite: Permission of the department.

          May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • POL 396 - Seminar in Political Philosophy

          FDR: SS2
          Credits: 3 in fall and winter, 4 in spring
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit
          Credits: 3 in fall and winter, 4 in spring


          Prerequisite: POL 111 or instructor consent.

          An examination of selected questions and problems in political philosophy and/or political theory. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • POL 403 - Directed Individual Study

          Credits: 3
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisites: Grade-point average of 3.000 in politics and instructor consent.

          This course permits a student to follow a program of directed reading, library research, or data collection and analysis in some area not covered in other courses. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • REL 180 - FS: First-Year Seminar

          Credits: 3-4
          Planned Offering: Offered occasionally. Each first-year seminar topic is approved by the Dean of The College and the Committee on Courses and Degrees. Applicability to FDRs and other requirements varies
          Credits: 3-4


          First-year seminar. Prerequisite: First-year standing.

        • REL 260 - Seminar in the Christian Tradition

          FDR: HU
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit
          Credits: 3


          An introduction to perduring issues in Christian theology and ethics through study of one or more of the classical Christian theologians.

        • REL 350 - Seminar in Biblical Studies

          FDR: HU
          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Winter 2016
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisite: REL 101, 102, 151 250, or course work in ancient history or classics, or instructor consent.

          An exploration of a topic in Biblical studies, focusing on ancient texts and their interpreters from antiquity to the present. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

          Winter 2016 topic:

          REL 350: Seminar in Biblical Studies: The Apostle Paul: Life, Letters, Legacy (3). Prerequisite: REL 101, 102, 151, 250 or course work in ancient history or classics, or instructor consent. A study of the Apostle Paul that begins with historical and cultural contexts (Jewish and Hellenistic) in the first century of the common era, takes up his letters individually through close readings, and follows the various and divergent influences of certain of his key ideas (e.g., justification, faith, freedom, law, grace) through the course of Western religious and political thought to the present. (HU) Brown.
           

        • REL 403 - Directed Individual Study

          Credits: 3
          Credits: 3


          Subject to departmental approval and available departmental resources, this course provides an opportunity for individuals to pursue significant lines of independent study in the field of religion. May be repeated for degree credit with permission and if the topics are different.

        • ROML 295 - Topics in Romance Languages

          Credits: 1-3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit
          Credits: 1-3


          Prerequisites vary with topic.

          Nature and content of the course is determined by the interests of the instructor(s) and student(s). May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


           

    • Fine Arts:
      • ARTH 253 - Medieval Art in Southern Europe

        FDR: HA
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Not offered in 2013-2014
        Credits: 3


        Examination of the art and culture of Italy and Greece from the rise of Christianity to the first appearance of bubonic plague in 1348. Topics include early Christian art and architecture; Byzantine imagery in Ravenna and Constantinople during the Age of Justinian; iconoclasm; mosaics in Greece, Venice and Sicily; sculpture in Pisa; and the development of panel and fresco painting in Rome, Florence, Siena and Assisi.

      • ARTH 254 - Medieval Art in Northern Europe

        FDR: HA
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2015 and alternate years
        Credits: 3


        Survey of the art of France, Spain, Germany, and the British Isles from circa 700 to circa 1400. Discussions include Carolingian and Ottonian painting and architecture, Celtic and Anglo-Saxon manuscripts, and French cathedral design and decoration during the Romanesque and Gothic periods.

      • ARTH 255 - Northern Renaissance Art

        FDR: HA
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2015 and alternate years
        Credits: 3


        A survey of Northern painting from 1300 to 1600, examined as symbols of political, religious, and social concerns of painters, patrons, and viewers. Among the artists covered are Campin, van Eyck, van der Weyden, Dürer, Holbein, and Brueghel. Emphasis placed on interpretation of meaning and visual analysis.

      • ARTH 256 - Italian Renaissance Art

        FDR: HA
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall
        Credits: 3


        Survey of the art and architecture of Italy during the 15th and 16th centuries. The course focuses on innovations of the Early, High, and Late Renaissance through the work of Brunelleschi, Donatello, Masaccio, Alberti, Leonardo, Bramante, Raphael, and Michelangelo. Images are considered as exponents of contemporary political, social, and religious events and perceptions.

      • ARTH 285 - Art of the Cities of Northern Italy, 1250-1550

        FDR: HA
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Not offered in 2013-2014
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisite: Instructor consent.

        The art and culture of the cities of the north during the Renaissance. Examines important churches, museums, galleries, palaces, villas, public buildings, and plazas of Milan, Como, Parma, Verona, Vicenza, Padua, Venice, Ferrara, Mantua, Florence, Siena, Cortona, Arezzo, Perugia, Assisi and Rome.

      • ARTH 350 - Medieval Art in Italy

        FDR: HA
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall (not offered Fall 2014)
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisite: ARTH 253 or 256 or instructor consent.

        Art and architecture of the Italian peninsula, from circa 1200 to 1400. This seminar addresses issues of patronage, artistic training and methods of production, iconography, and the function of religious and secular imagery. Topics of discussion include the construction of Tuscan cathedrals and civic buildings; sculpture in Siena, Pisa, and Rome; and painting in Assisi, Padua, and Florence.

      • ARTH 353 - Gothic Art in Northern Europe

        FDR: HA
        Credits: 3
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisite: ARTH 254 or instructor consent.

        This seminar focuses on artistic, intellectual, and cultural developments in France and England during the 12th and 13th centuries. Stylistic, iconographic and theoretical issues in the visual arts are studied within the context of scholastic thought, mass pilgrimage, and monarchical consolidation.

      • ARTH 354 - Early Renaissance Art in Florence

        FDR: HA
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter 2015 and alternate years
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisite: ARTH 256 or instructor consent.

        Examination of the intellectual, cultural, and artistic movements dominant in Florence between ca. 1400 and ca. 1440. Images and structures produced by Ghiberti, Brunelleschi, Masaccio, Donatello, and Fra Angelico are considered within the context of Florentine social traditions and political events.

      • ARTH 355 - The High Renaissance in Italy

        FDR: HA
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Winter (not offered Winter 2015)
        Credits: 3


        Prerequisite: ARTH 256 or instructor consent.

        This seminar addresses issues of patronage, artistic production, criticism and art theory, and the uses and abuses of images during the High Renaissance. Works by Botticelli, Leonardo, Michelangelo, Raphael and Bramante are considered as emblems of larger cultural movements popular in Italian courts between 1470 and 1520.

      • ARTH 384 - Renaissance Art in Venice

        FDR: HA
        Credits: 4
        Planned Offering: Not offered in 2013-2014
        Credits: 4


        Prerequisite: ARTH 102 or 256.

        This course addresses issues of patronage, artistic production, uses of ancient themes and sources, criticism and art theory, and the uses and abuses of images during the High Renaissance. We focus our attention on the art and architecture of Northern Italy from about 1460 to 1575, with particular emphasis placed on images and structures produced in Venice and its territorial possessions ("The Veneto") and by those who considered la serennissima their home.

      • MUS 201 - Music History I

        FDR: HA
        Credits: 3
        Planned Offering: Fall
        Credits: 3


        A survey of music from the Middle Ages through the Classical period.

      • And, when appropriate:
        • ARTH 394
        • ARTH 403 - Directed Individual Study

          Credits: 3
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisite: Permission of the department.

          Individual or class study of special topics in art history. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • INTR 296 - Spring Studies in Culture and Society

          FDR: FDR designation to be determined each year
          Credits: 4
          Credits: 4


          A topical seminar that focuses on an interdisciplinary examination of a given society through formal study and direct exposure to its people and culture. The seminar takes place in the target location during the spring term, for which four credits are awarded. May be repeated for credit if the topic and location of the seminar are different.

        • MRST 395 - Seminar in Medieval and Renaissance Studies

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisite: Instructor consent.

          A seminar concentrating on topics or concepts relevant to Medieval and Renaissance studies. Topics are offered according to the interests of participating faculty. This course may be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • MRST 403 - Directed Individual Study

          Credits: 3
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor.

          Individual study of selected topics in Medieval and Renaissance studies. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

        • MUS 423 - Directed Individual Project

          Credits: 3
          Planned Offering: Fall, Winter
          Credits: 3


          Prerequisites: Music major and instructor consent.

          May be repeated for degree credit with permission.

        • ROML 295 - Topics in Romance Languages

          Credits: 1-3
          Planned Offering: Offered when interest is expressed and departmental resources permit
          Credits: 1-3


          Prerequisites vary with topic.

          Nature and content of the course is determined by the interests of the instructor(s) and student(s). May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.


           

    • MRST 473 - Senior Thesis

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall or Winter
      Credits: 3


      Prerequisites: Senior standing, consent of the program head and the major adviser.

      Individual research devoted to an original topic dealing with issues pertinent to Medieval and Renaissance studies. The focus of this thesis should coincide with the area of study in which the student has done the most work and should be grounded in interdisciplinary themes. Projects should be approved no later than September 30 of the senior year.

    • or
    • MRST 493 - Honors Thesis (3-3)

      Credits: 3-3
      Planned Offering: Fall-Winter
      Credits: 3-3


      Prerequisites: Senior standing, cumulative grade-point average of 3.300, and consent of the MRST head.

      Honors thesis devoted to a specialized topic in Medieval and Renaissance studies. Applications for honors should be submitted to the program head no later than March 1 of the junior year.