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German and Russian Minors

The German and Russian department has the following degrees:

German minor

A minor in German requires at least seven courses beyond the intermediate level. A student may not complete both a minor in German and either a major in German literature or German language. In meeting the requirements of this discipline-based minor, a student may not use more than nine credits used to meet the requirements of another major or minor.

  1. GERM 311 and 312
  2. Five courses in German numbered at the 300 or 400 level. One course in German literature in translation may be used to meet this requirement. Also one additional course in an approved cognate area may be used toward this requirement. Examples include but are not limited to ARTH 255; HIST 213, 214; MUS 231, 232, 332; PHIL 265, 311, 314, 316.

German minors are encouraged, though not required, to have a term of study in a German-speaking country.

  1. Required courses
    • GERM 311 - Advanced German

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall
      Credits: 3


      Prerequisite: GERM 262 or equivalent.

      Following a study of German phonology and the components of advanced German grammar, the course emphasizes spoken German, accompanied by written exercises.

    • GERM 312 - Advanced German

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter
      Credits: 3


      Prerequisite: GERM 311.

      A continuing course of advanced German with emphasis on the written language through composition and a study of stylistics. Advanced conversational material is drawn from topics relevant to contemporary life in the German-speaking world.

  2. Five courses in German numbered at the 300 or 400 level:
  3. One course in German literature in translation may be used to meet this requirement. Also one additional course in an approved cognate area may be used toward this requirement. Examples include but are not limited to:

    • ARTH 255 - Northern Renaissance Art

      FDR: HA
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter 2015 and alternate years
      Credits: 3


      A survey of Northern painting from 1300 to 1600, examined as symbols of political, religious, and social concerns of painters, patrons, and viewers. Among the artists covered are Campin, van Eyck, van der Weyden, Dürer, Holbein, and Brueghel. Emphasis placed on interpretation of meaning and visual analysis.

    • HIST 213 - Germany, 1815-1914

      FDR: HU
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall 2014
      Credits: 3


      The impact of the French Revolution on Germany, the onset of industrialization, the revolution of 1848, the career of Bismarck and Germany's wars of national unification, the Kulturkampf between Protestants and Catholics, the rise of the socialist labor movement, liberal feminism and the movement for women's rights, the origins of "Imperialism" in foreign policy, and Germany's role in the outbreak of the First World War.

    • HIST 214 - Germany, 1914-2000

      FDR: HU
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter 2015
      Credits: 3


      The failure of Germany's first attempt at democracy in the Weimar Republic, the interaction between art and politics, the mentality of the Nazis, the institutions of the Third Reich, the Second World War and Holocaust, the occupation and partition of Germany in 1945, the reasons for the success of democratic institutions in the Federal Republic, the origins of modern feminism, the economic collapse of the German Democratic Republic, and the process of national reunification in 1989-91.

    • MUS 231 - Classical Music

      FDR: HA
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall 2012 and alternate years
      Credits: 3


      Stylistic study of music of the last half of the 18th century. Emphasis on the symphonies, sonatas, choral music, chamber music, and operas of Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven.

    • MUS 232 - Romantic Music

      FDR: HA
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter
      Credits: 3


      Topics in the 19th century, including the symphony, the symphonic poem, program music, piano music, nationalism, song, and opera. Composers such as Beethoven, Berlioz, Chopin, Tchaikovsky, Wagner, and Mahler will be covered.

    • PHIL 232 - Nietzsche

      FDR: HU
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Offered occasionally
      Credits: 3


      An examination of Nietzsche's central philosophical conceptions - revaluation of values, genealogy of morality, self-overcoming, eternal recurrence - through selected readings from various periods in Nietzsche's authorship.

    • PHIL 320 - Wittgenstein

      FDR: HU
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Offered occasionally
      Credits: 3


      Prerequisites: One course in philosophy and instructor consent.

      Ludwig Wittgenstein is arguably the most influential philosopher of the 20th century. His thought presents a challenge to fundamental assumptions in the history of philosophical ideas. Ultimately, he sees philosophical problems such as those surrounding the nature of being and mind, and questions about how we understand the world as persuasive and subtle misdirections that language can pull us toward. Consequently, in later works, Wittgenstein attempts to dissolve philosophical problems by untangling their sources in language. This course is a close study of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations, highlighted by the use of secondary sources, including an emphasis on the analysis of language, meaning, rule-following, understanding, mind, and states of consciousness.

    • PHIL 322 - Heidegger

      FDR: HU
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Offered occassionally
      Credits: 3


      We use the expression 'being' all the time in our everyday language, but do we really understand what Being is? Heidegger argues that the extraordinary question of Being is the most important question of philosophy. This course explores this question through a careful reading of Heidegger's magnum opus Being and Time and some later essays. In addition to the meaning of Being, we discuss the following themes in Heidegger's writing: temporality, being-in-the-world, being-towards-death, authenticity, and care.

    • PHIL 310 - Kant

      FDR: HU
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Alternate years
      Credits: 3


      A close reading of the Critique of Pure Reason , Kant's most important work in metaphysics and epistemology and one of the most influential philosophical works ever written.

Russian Language and Culture minor

A minor in Russian language and culture requires at least eight courses. A student may not complete both a major in Russian area studies and a minor in Russian language and culture. In meeting the requirements of this interdisciplinary minor, a student must use at least nine credits that are not also used to meet the requirements of any other major or minor.

  1. Language: RUSS 111, 112, 261, 262, 301, 302
  2. Literature: Either 315 or 316.
  3. Culture Component: Two courses chosen from the following:
    ARTH 380, when the topic is appropriate
    HIST 220, 221, 222, 322
    LIT 215, 263
    RUSS 315, 316
    RAS 403, when the topic is appropriate
    SOAN 245, 246, 260
  1. Language:
    • RUSS 111 - Elementary Russian I

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Fall
      Credits: 4


      A basic course in Russian which includes the spoken language, fundamental grammar and reading.

    • RUSS 112 - Elementary Russian II

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Winter
      Credits: 4


      Prerequisite: RUSS 111 or its equivalent.

      A basic course in Russian which includes the spoken language, fundamental grammar and reading.

    • RUSS 261 - Intermediate Russian I

      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Fall
      Credits: 4


      Prerequisite: RUSS 112 or its equivalent.

      Continuation of RUSS 112 with some attention to Russian literature and culture.

    • RUSS 262 - Intermediate Russian II

      FDR: FL
      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Winter
      Credits: 4


      Prerequisite: RUSS 261 or its equivalent.

      Continuation of RUSS 261 with some attention to Russian literature and culture.

    • RUSS 301 - Advanced Russian I

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall
      Credits: 3


      Prerequisite: RUSS 262 or equivalent.

      Speaking, reading and writing of Russian with increased attention to Russian literature and advanced grammar.

    • RUSS 302 - Advanced Russian II

      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter
      Credits: 3


      Prerequisite: RUSS 301.

      A continuation of RUSS 301.

  2. Literature:
  3.  Take either

    • RUSS 315 - 19th-Century Russian Literature

      FDR: HL
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall 2013 and alternate years
      Credits: 3


      Prerequisite: RUSS 262 or equivalent.

      The novels, plays, poetry, and literary movements of the 19th century. Authors examined include Pushkin, Gogol, Tolstoy, Dostoevsky, Turgenev, and Chekhov. Conducted in Russian.

    • RUSS 316 - 20th-Century Russian Literature

      FDR: HL
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall 2014 and alternate years
      Credits: 3


      Prerequisite: RUSS 262 or equivalent.

      The novels, plays, poetry, and literary movements of the 20th century. Solzhenitsyn, Babel, Platonov, Mandelshtam, and Tsvetaeva are examples of authors examined. Conducted in Russian.

  4. Culture Component:
  5. Two courses chosen from the following:

    • ARTH 394 - Seminar in Art History when the topic is appropriate

      FDR: HA
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall, Winter, Spring
      Credits: 3


      Prerequisites: Three credits in art history and instructor consent.

      Research in selected topics in art history with written and oral reports. May be repeated for degree credit if the topics are different.

    • HIST 220 - Imperial Russia, 1682 to 1917

      FDR: HU
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall 2015 and alternate years
      Credits: 3


      Note: Completion of HIST 101 or HIST 102 is recommended but not required before taking HIST 220. Open to sophomores, juniors and seniors. Interested first-years may request instructor consent.

      From the rise to power of Peter the Great, Russia's first emperor, through the fall of the Romanov dynasty.

    • HIST 221 - Soviet Russia, 1917 to 1991

      FDR: HU
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter 2015
      Credits: 3


      Note: Completion of HIST 102 is recommended but not required before taking HIST 221. Open to sophomores, juniors and seniors. Interested first-years may request instructor consent.

      The revolutions of 1917, the emergence of the Soviet system, the Stalinist period, Stalin's successors, and the eventual collapse of the USSR.

    • HIST 222 - Decline and Fall of the Soviet Union and the Resurgence of Russia

      FDR: HU
      Credits: 4
      Planned Offering: Spring 2014 and alternate years
      Credits: 4


      Note: Completion of HIST 102 is recommended but not required.

      This course analyzes the reasons for the decline of the Soviet Union commencing in the latter part of the Brezhnev era and its collapse under the weight of the failed reforms of Gorbachev. It further traces the fragmentation of the USSR into fifteen republics and the simultaneous devolution of authority within the Russian Republic under Yeltsin. The course concludes with the remarkable reassertion of state power under Putin up to the present. Students write an essay assessing the Yeltsin transition and engage in a class debate at the end of the term on the prospects for Russia's future.

    • HIST 322 - Seminar in Russian History

      Credits: 3 credits in fall or winter, 4 in spring
      Planned Offering: Winter 2014
      Credits: 3 credits in fall or winter, 4 in spring


      Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing. Note: Completion of HIST 102 or 221 is recommended but not required prior to taking HIST 322.

      Selected topics in Russian history, including but not limited to heroes and villains, Soviet biography, Stalin and Stalinism, the USSR in the Second World War and origins of the Cold War, the KGB, and the decline and fall of the Soviet Union and the re-emergence of Russia. May be repeated for degree and major credit if the topics are different.

    • LIT 215 - 20th-Century Russian Literature in Translation

      FDR: HL
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Winter
      Credits: 3


      Prerequisite: Completion of FW FDR requirement.

      Selected Russian literary masterpieces (short stories, plays and novels). Authors include Olesha, Babel, Nabokov, and Solzhenitsyn.

    • LIT 263 - 19th-Century Russian Literature in Translation

      FDR: HL
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall
      Credits: 3


      Prerequisite: Completion of FW requirement.

      A study of major works by Pushkin, Lermontov, Gogol, Turgenev, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, and Chekhov.

    • RUSS 315 - 19th-Century Russian Literature

      FDR: HL
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall 2013 and alternate years
      Credits: 3


      Prerequisite: RUSS 262 or equivalent.

      The novels, plays, poetry, and literary movements of the 19th century. Authors examined include Pushkin, Gogol, Tolstoy, Dostoevsky, Turgenev, and Chekhov. Conducted in Russian.

    • RUSS 316 - 20th-Century Russian Literature

      FDR: HL
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall 2014 and alternate years
      Credits: 3


      Prerequisite: RUSS 262 or equivalent.

      The novels, plays, poetry, and literary movements of the 20th century. Solzhenitsyn, Babel, Platonov, Mandelshtam, and Tsvetaeva are examples of authors examined. Conducted in Russian.

    • RAS 403 - Directed Individual Study when the topic is appropriate

      Credits: 3
      Credits: 3


      Prerequisite: Permission of the Russian Area Studies Committee.

      Directed Individual Study.

    • SOAN 245 - European Politics and Society

      FDR: SS4
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall 2013 and alternate years
      Credits: 3


      A comparative analysis of European political systems and social institutions. The course covers the established democracies of western and northern Europe, the new democracies of southern and east-central Europe, and the post-Communist regimes in eastern and southeastern Europe. Mechanisms of European integration are also discussed with attention focused on institutions such as European Union, NATO, OSCE, and Council of Europe.

    • SOAN 246 - Post-Communism and New Democracies

      FDR: SS4
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Fall 2014 and alternate years
      Credits: 3


      A comparative analysis of transition from Communism in the countries of the former Soviet bloc. Cases of successful and unsuccessful transitions to civil society, pluralist democracy, and market economy are examined. The comparative framework includes analysis of transition from non-Communist authoritarianism and democratic consolidation in selected countries of Latin America, the Mediterranean, Southeast Asia, and South Africa.

    • SOAN 260 - Conflicts in Eurasi Globalization, New States, and Soviet Legacies

      FDR: SS4
      Credits: 3
      Planned Offering: Not offered in 2013-2014
      Credits: 3


      In this course, students learn how to apply anthropology and a wide range of other disciplinary techniques to understand and attempt to solve post-socialist problems. Students do independent research on issues relevant to their main areas of course work. We explore how ethnographic fieldwork and cultural theory provide key information about how people in Eurasia relate to daily conflicts through common past socialist experiences and new interactions with globalization, transnational movements, and the world market. Throughout the term, we discuss differences and similarities, advantages and disadvantages of various disciplinary approaches to key conflicts in the region. Topics include crime, the emerging marketplace, poverty, health, gender, and ethnic conflict. We study Eurasia via issues rather than geography, and we focus intensely on the transnational effects of wars in Chechnya and Afghanistan. The class reads material from anthropology and other disciplines and watches several documentaries.